WHAT IS COGENERATION POWER
POWER AND STEAM FOR THE
DOWN THE LINE PROCESS STEAM
REQUIREMENT IS CALLED
WHO ARE THE END USERS
CONSUMING PROCESS STEAM AND
WHO ARE IN NEED OF CONSISTENT
POWER OTHER THAN DG SETS.
WHY COGEN POWER?
TODAY’S SCENARIO DUE TO
FREQUENT POWER CUTS AND
INFLATED FURNACE OIL PRICE THE
PROCESS INDUSTRIES ARE
FORCED TO INCREASE THEIR INPUT
COSTS. DUE TO THIS THEY FACE
EITHER REDUCTION IN PROFIT OR
LOSING OUT IN COMPETITION.
• PADDY PROCESSING (24X7) &
• SOLVENT EXTRACTION INDUSTRIES.
• SMALL PAPER AND BOARD MILLS
• CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES
• TEXTILE MILLS INCLUDING SPINNING MILLS,
TEXTILE PROCESSING MILLS.
• CLUSTER OF SMALL AND MEDIUM SCALE
INDUSTRIES WHO ARE IN NEED OF
TYPES OF COGENERATION PLANTS
1. SIMPLE BACK PRESSURE
2. EXTRACTION CUM BACK
3. SIMPLE FULLY CONDENSING.
4. EXTRACTION CUM
MAIN EQUIPMENTS FOR
BOILER WITH AUXILIARIES
AIR COOLED CONDENSER
FUEL AND ASH HANDLING SYSTEM
WATER TREATMENT PLANT
POWER CYCLE PIPING.
AUX COOLING TOWER
CIVIL FOUNDATIONS, TG HALL ETC..,
ELECTRICALS LIKE PCC, MCC, CABLES
10.INSTRUMENTATION AND CONTROL
11.FIRE FIGHTING SYSTEM, HOT CRANES
12.AIR CONDITIONING AND VENTILATION
RESOURCES FOR COGENERATION
INCLUDING WOOD CHIPS,
RICE HUSK, GROUND NUT SHELL,
COCONUT SHELL ETC.., ARE
AVAILABLE @ Rs 2500 PER TON
NAPIER GRASS – WITH OWN
ENERGY PLANTATION – AVAILABLE
@ Rs 1500 PER TON.
BOTTLENECKS OF TODAY!!!
Availability of biomass fuel on continuous basis - Erratic seasons & frequent changes in
Often the biomass is diverted to produce manure or left in the field for decay/decompose
Growing demand from other industry for biomass, non-existence of medium/long term
fuel procurement plans, no scientific pricing
Fuel preparation related issues – handling, storage, preparation..etc
DESIGN & ENGG
Adaptability of fuel to Boiler combustion technology – Non-compatibility of wide range of
input fuel costing the efficiency/heat rate and increased cost of generation
Frequent troubles of plant equipment – Frequent failures, Open ends of engineering
interface and commissioning
Equipment and systems lack proper warranty coverage arrangement
Non-availability of qualified and skilled man-power
Teething problems of downstream equipment – improper logging /recording of system
operation and equipment behaviour.
Non-existence of right O&M procedures
After sales service arrangement (ASS) with equipment supplier is not-existing.
Lower tariff offered from utilities absorbing biomass power
High interest rates for debts, not able to sustain with the existing revenues
INDIA –POTENTIAL & ACHIEVEMENTS
•Indian climatic conditions offer an ideal environment for biomass production. Bio-energy has
remained critical to India’s energy mix.
A total of 288 biomass power and cogeneration projects aggregating to 2665 MW capacity have
been installed in the country; consisting of 130 biomass power projects of 999 MW and 158
bagasse cogeneration projects of 1666 MW.
•The availability of biomass in India is estimated at about 540 million tons per year covering
residues from agriculture, forestry and plantations.
The current potential of surplus agro and forest residues to energy is estimated at 16,881 MW
•Waste-to-energy potential of 2,700 MW
•Bagasse cogeneration is estimated at 5,000 MW.
•The present cumulative installed capacity, of grid-interactive biomass and Bagasse
cogeneration power is around 3000 MW as of Jujy’2011.
India has approximately 50 million hectares of degraded wasteland that lie outside the areas
demarcated as national forests and cultivable lands.
In addition, around 30 biomass power projects of 350 MW and 70 Cogeneration projects of 800
MW are under various stages of implementation.
•States which have taken leadership position in
implementation of biomass power projects are
Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Tamil Nadu,
Karnataka, Maharashtra Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat
and Uttar Pradesh.
•The combined potential of the techno-economically
viable biomass power generation capacity is 3800
MW covering the states of Tamilnadu, Karnataka,
Maharashtra, AP, Gujarat, Punjab, UP, MP and
•Subsidy Schemes of Government of India
•Priority lending for renewable energy projects
•RPO – Renewable Purchase Obligation by utilities
and bulk consumers
•REC Trading – Renewable Energy Certificate to sell
in the energy exchange as a part of RE benefit
•CDM – Carbon benefit available in International
•GBI- Generation Based Incentives available from
•Power Trading allowed – Renewable power could be
traded in energy exchange across India
BIOMASS TARIFF AS ON JULY’2011
Total capacity as of July’2011 is 2664 MW
Tariff fixed by REC (Rs
3.43 to 5.14
4.60 to 4.74
for new with 4 paisa/year escalating – 2006
fixed for 10 years for biomass
20 years with escalation of 3ps to 8 paisa
VALUES THAT WE COULD BRING!
•We would play a key role at all stages of
project right from conceptualization taking
through commercial operation of the plant.
•The various process involved and value
addition has been elaborated in to –
•Assisting in financial tie-up
•Feed stock arrangement
•Project Development/Execution Stage
•Technical support to implement
Briquette/Pellet manufacturing and forward
integration for ash utilisation
FEED STOCK ARRANGEMENT
•Approximately, 10 MW Biomass power plant
needs 55,000 tons of biomass per annum. This
works out to cultivation at 450 acres of land.
•Planning to grow Napier Grass in the available
land closer to the proposed plant location and
further plantation through contract or lease
farming, to reach feed stock annual target.
•Napier grass is a long term fuel having
reasonably good heat value, quicker yields and
•Napier grass does not cause any eco-imbalance
•With the above to secure 100% of feed
requirement for each unit.
Why Napier Grass?
Rapid growth to 4 m height and Perennial grass with 6 year life cycle
Very high productivity, up to 170 tonnes/acre (wet), four or more harvests per
Best in tropical and subtropical areas. Needs >100 days of sunshine per
year, maximum 800 mm rain or irrigation
Little growth below 10 deg.C, roots can survive and propagated by division or
Also as feed for cows, sheep and other domestic animals
Suitable for wide range of soils including acidic red loam and mildly saline
Can be planted on dry lands, agricultural fields, hillsides and plains
Very good heat value - >3200 kcals/kg and very low ash < 9%
Employment in rural areas by engaging them for mass cultivation
With proper harvest planning , power generation could be achieved
throughout the year.
Napier Grass grown at
Napier Grass – 11 to 12 ft after 100 days
Shredding of Napier Grass before feeding
Napier Grass being harvested using a tool
Biomass after harvest – can coppice again
PROJECT DEVELOPMENT & EXECUTION STAGE
Technology sourcing from ENMAS O &M with grate firing concept -which has
flexibility and adoptability over a wide range of fuel inputs
Commercial support- in economizing the generation cost, cash flow and
Engineering optimisation – To achieve better operational availability.
Optimizing the cycle parameters, schemes, layout and specifications
Seamless interface engineering - to achieve better performance of auxiliary
systems thereby reduced aux power consumption.
Procurement support – In sourcing of reputed/reliable equipment, proper
warranty and long term After Sales Support arrangement.
Project Management - Project monitoring and controlling as per technical
deliverables, project planning and budget
Erection and Commissioning support - Using the competent supervision team
for erection, commissioning and start up
Plant documentation – To maintain the archives, and Erection and
Commissioning data to use in the lifetime of the plant operation. Drawing up of
detailed O&M procedures.
Plant O&M – In sourcing of qualified man-power offering long term career
prospects and involving right from the days of pre-commissioning of plants,
establishing programmes with critical equipment suppliers for O&M
Technical support towards ash utilisation
What is the proposal ?
a comprehensive solution addressing –
Feed stock integration
Selection of efficient and right technology
Identifying right supplier to secure technical deliverables, within
the defined time frame and at competitive cost
Putting in place - Qualified O&M team and best operational
Forward value addition for effective ash utilization
Revenue modeling and optimization
Feed stock security through Briquetting and Pelletising
Refinancing/scaling-up financing through low cost funds from
abroad once the plant is stabilised in operation
TYPICAL HYBRID COGENERATION
Size of the plant
Cost of the project 20Cr
12 months from readiness
Land required for plant
Biomass fuel required at
2700 Kcals/Kwh heat rate 17000 tons/annum
Land required for biomass growing 150 acres
Cost of growing biomass Rs 30,000/acre/year
Fund required to grow biomass
Rs 1.80 Cr per year
Landed cost of fuel
Around Rs 1300 / ton
Market price of fuel today Rs 2500 to Rs 2600/ton
Payback period for investor
6 to 7 years
TYPICAL HYBRID COGENERATION
MEANS OF FINANCE
Land & Site Development
Plant & Machinery including taxes & duties
Technical Knowhow Fee
Miscellaneous Fixed Assets
Preliminary, Pre-operative and startup
Provision for Contingency
Interest during Construction
Margin for Working Capital
TYPICAL HYBRID COGENERATION
PAY BACK PERIOD
(Rs in Lakhs)
Profit bef. Tax & depn.
But aftr. Int.
Total Project Cost is Rs.
Hence the Pay Back Period is
ENMAS O & M Introduction
Enmas O&M Services Private Limited is a
constituent of Resurgent group.
The Group has been operating for more than
two decades, ENMAS and GB are well known
brands of the group, for high quality products
and services to Thermal Power Plants –
Captive, Cogen and Biomass IPPs.
Collaborators - PMEG
Higher sized Power plants above
100 MW, Enmas has collaboration with
PMEG (PIC - Marubeni Energy Group),
Atlanta, USA, Operating 13500 MW in 9
countries. Visit “www.pmeg.com”
Enmas O&M Services Private Limited
IIIFloor, Guna Building ,443, Anna Salai, Teynampet, Chennai
– 600 018
Phone: +91 44 4901 7050
: +91 44 4901 7060