An introduction to the EU. International Culture 2012.
1) Expansion of EU- look at how the EU hasexpanded over the years.2) History of the EU, using your homework3)objectives of the EU4) institutions of the EU- how it operates, politically,legally and economically. Don‟t worry about writing everything! You will be emailed a copy of this presentation after the lesson!
1) Expansion of EU. In pairs, identify the countries in each stage of EU expansion.
In pairs identify all the countries in the EU. Which stage was the biggest? The 2004 Eastern Expansion What were these countires before? Soviet bloc, therefore Communist. Turkey will be the first Muslim country, Do you think that’s a good thing for the EU? Which South American country is a member of the EU? French Guyana as it‟s a territory of France.
1. Homework is established by the six 1951: The European Coal and Steel Community founding members2. 1957: The treaty of Rome establishes a common market3. 1973: The Community expands to nine member states and develops its common policies4. 1979: The first direct elections to the European Parliament5. 1981: The first Mediterranean enlargement6. 1993: Completion of the single market7. 1993: The Treaty of Maastricht establishes the European Union8. 1995: The EU expands to 15 members9. 2002: Euro notes and coins are introduced10. 2004: Ten more countries join the Union
modernWhat are the images on the notes? Homework Questions 1. Why did a number of European leaders become convinced that they had to unite Each represents a different architectural style: economically and politically? Stop another conflict and bring nations together as equals, cooperating with shared institutions. 2. Who were the six countries that call the European Coal and Steel Community What do the Spanish formed the 500 Euro notes? (ECSC)? Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxemburg and the Netherlands. 3. For how many years are members of the European Parliament elected? 5 years Baroque & Rococo Art nouveau 4. When did the member “states” of the European Union (EU) finally remove all of the barriers to trade (I.e., no tariffs, a Single Market)? The „Bin Laden‟ because they are almost impossible to find!! st 1 July 1987 5. When did the Euro it come into use? 1999 for financial transations, 2002 for regular use Renaissance Gothic Romanesque classical
The objectives of the EU-The EU has 6 objectives, you have to make a list of all of them by talking to other classmates.The winner gets a prize.
EU objectives the promotion of peace and the well-being of the Union‟s citizens an area of freedom, security and justice without internal borders. sustainable development based on balanced economic growth and social justice a social market economy - highly competitive and aiming at full employment and social progress. a free single market (or common market)- big free trade area that includes movement of labour (EU member can live in any other country) Combat social exclusion and discrimination, and quality between men and women.In groups discuss which do you think is the mostimportant objective, and why?
EU Structure of the EU: how it operates ., watch the video and make notes on the functions of the following EU institutions:European CouncilEuropean ParliamentEuropean CommissionCouncil of ministers
The European CouncilConsists of members of governments of all the EU countries.At summits there is always a conflict between ministers doing best for their countries and best for Europe.Meet 4 times a year
The European ParliamentAgrees on decisions from the CouncilIs the most powerful if the EUs institutions.Has overall control of EU objectives/ duties.
The European CommissionTakes the legislation from the parliament and enacts it.Can propose new lawsApproves budgetsHas individual departments, e.g. fisheriesCan investigate the council of ministers
council of ministersConsists of departments who discuss the different areas, e.g ministers of justice.Meet every 3 months
Questions on video- answer in groupsWhich part if the most powerful?European parliamentWhich had its own departments and has meetings based on those departments?Council of ministersIf a new law is to be created, what different institutions does it pass through?1) European commission proposes new laws2) European council discuss it3) Parliament has to agree on it next4) Then back to commission to make it happen
EU policy areas.In groups pairs guess the areas of national government which the EU controls, using the pictures as a guide: Climate change- EU Fishing (see aims to reduce CO2 Greenland emissions by 20% by example) 2020. Law- EU law is more powerful that Farming domestic law in any member state. Finance/ economics: Public health- aims to single stop major illnesses currency, common and diseases and market . Is one block in promote healthier the WTO lifestyles Foreign policy- potential superpower. Growing as a soft power through Aid- in 2010 gave 53.8 enlargement and aid. billion to projects in developing However foreign policy is sometimes countries. Largest disunited, look at Iraq vs Kosovo (uni single donor in vs multilateralism.
SummaryEU is huge and constantly growing, economically powerful, and has the potential to be a huge politically strong bloc.EU is a common market, which means good, services AND labour can move without trade barriers.EU‟s objectives are peace, security and sustainable development with equality for it‟s citizens.The EU is controlled by the council of ministers, European council, European Commission and the European parliament.
Too good to be true?This has given you quite a positive image of Europe.Can you think any obvious problems were having right now?Next class- European Debt crisis. See pre- reading at EAN English.