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Relatioal Art

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A general overview of the main principles on Nicolas Bourriaud's Relational Aesthetics

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Relatioal Art

  1. 1. RELATIONAL ART A general overview
  2. 2. <ul><li>The relational artist offers services and experiences, rather than objects to be consumed . </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The object is no longer materially or conceptually defined, but relationally. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>In Nicolas Bourriaud's words, &quot;What is produced are connections with the world broadcast by the object”. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Relational art takes as its theoretical horizon “the realm of human interactions and its social context, rather than the assertion of an independent and private symbolic space”. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>In relational art, meaning is to be elaborated collectively, rather than in the space of individual consumption, beholden to the contingencies of its environment and audience. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Aesthetic theory consists in judging an artwork on the basis of inter-human relations which they represent or produce. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Relational art addresses a new sense of connection between artists and their audience via e-mail, cell phones, satellite feeds, video cameras, and the www. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Relational aesthetics refer to an artwork that is open-ended, interactive, and resistant to closure. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Relational art takes place in time and space and creates interactive communicative experiences and intersubjective encounters, in which meaning is elaborated collectively. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Bourriaud describes the way in which relational aesthetics both reject and incorporate the important themes Modernity exercised upon art: </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>“ It is not Modernity that is dead, but its idealistic and teleological version.” </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>By this statement he means that the enthusiastic modern hopes for rational certainty or political utopias that fueled the artistic enterprise during the 20th Century have exhausted themselves. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Art was intended to announce a future world: today it is modeling possible microcosmic universes of authentic human sociability. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Relational art is much less a consequence of the ideological or philosophical dilemmas of Modernity than merely a reaction to the practical concerns of human interaction in our present world. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>1. From the Classical Greco-Roman culture up to the height of the Middle Ages: art functioned as an intended means of human relation to deity. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>2. From the Renaissance through Modern art up to some contemporary forms: art was utilized for human relations to the physical world. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>3. In the 1990’s, in terms of the urbanization of contemporary society, art turns toward inter-human relations and models of sociability. </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Employing a term used by Marx, Bourriaud defines relational art as that which “represents a social interstice ”: </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>The work itself becomes space of potentiality, a free realm of possibility for human interaction. </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>The artwork of the 1990’s turns the beholder (spectator) into a neighbor, into a direct interlocutor. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>The subjectivity of the observer engages the subjectivity of the artist. </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Meaning and sense are the outcome of an interaction between artist and beholder, and not an authoritarian fact. </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>In Relational aesthetics, form is a property that requires human interaction: </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Connectivity and interactivity- producing a new relation between the individual and its surroundings; </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>Conviviality and encounters- managing individuals and groups; </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>Collaboration and contracts- moments or objects of sociability; and </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>Professional relation- producing goods and services. </li></ul>

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