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Acid rain is a broad term used to describe several ways that acids fall out of the atmosphere. Acid rain is a phenomenon that results from industrial activities where sulfuric and nitric acids are produced by the release of sulfuric oxides (SOx) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) into the atmosphere. This induces the acidification of inland waters which results in damage to aquatic ecosystems, including fish. Acid rain flows into streams, lakes, and marshes after falling on forests, fields, buildings, and roads. It also falls directly on aquatic habitats. Acid rain was first reported in Manchester, England, which was an important city during the Industrial Revolution. The term “acid rain” was first used by Robert Angus Smith in 1872.