Education was left to different ethnic and religious groups: - hence, taught in different languages and dialects and this causes a language barrier -the quality and standard of education also varies widely Hence there was unequal treatment between the different races and religions
-Integrate different educational systems -Introduced features such as daily flag-raising and pledge-taking ceremonies in all schools -Civics Education made compulsory and extra-curricularactivities actively promoted . <ul><li>Education reforms began in the early 190s with the implementation of the </li></ul><ul><li>first Five-Year Plan: </li></ul><ul><li>Equal treatment for all language streams </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of Malay as the national language of Singapore </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on the study of Mathematics, Science and Technical subjects </li></ul>
-The government aimed to increase the level of literacy of Singaporeans by providing educational opportunities beyond the primary level through the rapid expansion of educational facilities. -To increase the capacity of schools, the Ministry of Education embarked on a large-scale recruitment of teachers and teachers-in-training. -Bilingual policy introduced: compulsory for all students in primary schools to learn second language in 1960 - Extended to all secondary schools starting from Secondary 1 in 1966.
In 1959, a total of 321,866 students were enrolled. In 1965, a total of 486,811 students were enrolled. In 1970, a total of 527,668 students were enrolled. In 1975, a total of 532,956 students were enrolled. In 1980, a total of 501,887 students were enrolled. Enrolment figures increased
<ul><li>The recruitment efforts paid off as the number of teachers in service increased from 10,590 in 1959 to 17,184 in 1965. </li></ul><ul><li>The education system shaped social </li></ul><ul><li>relations of different races. </li></ul><ul><li>Equipped the workforce with technical skills </li></ul><ul><li>to ride on opportunities brought about globalization </li></ul><ul><li>of its economy. </li></ul><ul><li>Bilingualism: English enables students to have a window </li></ul><ul><li>to knowledge, technology and expertise of the </li></ul><ul><li>modern world whereas mother tongue enables </li></ul><ul><li>students to have a sense of identity </li></ul>RESULTS
Since the establishment of an integrated education system in the 1960s, the government had been aware that the grooming of quality professional teachers plays a very important part in the education system . Thus, there has always been a strong focus in the training of professional teachers. Singapore’s education ministers are constantly aware and revises the education system regularly to ensure that they remain relevant in the ever changing global economy. The competitive environment in Singapore schools is another factor for its success. Students are regularly assessed through exams . Streaming is also part of this competition. Starting from primary school, students are streamed into various classes according to their academic ability, which is highly dependent on their grades.
Why is it effective? <ul><li>Bilingualism </li></ul><ul><li>>China is a growing power </li></ul><ul><li>>Sense of cultural identity </li></ul>-Integration >There is racial harmony in Singapore -Flag raising ceremony and pledge taking >A sense of belonging
-English as a common language >this connects citizens of all ethnic culture backgrounds hence no ethnic group is forced to learn another language for means of communication >this ties Singapore to the world economy T -Building of more schools and recruitment of more teachers >increases literacy rate >in 2000, 92.5% of the population was literate (age 15 and over are able to read and write)
<ul><li>-It is important to ensure that the future generation </li></ul><ul><li>is able to experience emotional and psychological </li></ul><ul><li>well-being including being morally and socially responsible </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul><ul><li>-Singapore has a strong education system with students </li></ul><ul><li>who aim high and achieve good results. We have good </li></ul><ul><li>schools, with capable leaders, teachers and facilities. </li></ul><ul><li>These strengths are being built upon as we prepare the </li></ul><ul><li>next generation of Singaporeans for the future. </li></ul>Challenges and plan for the future