Intro to kingdoms

1,565 views

Published on

Published in: Technology
  • Be the first to comment

Intro to kingdoms

  1. 1. Grade 9 Science Kingdoms of Life
  2. 2. Classification of Living Things Living things can be sorted into these 5 kingdoms…but it’s not the only way! Kingdom Moneran (Bacteria) Kingdom Protista Kingdom Fungi Kingdom Plantae Kingdom Animalia
  3. 3. Kingdom Moneran - Bacteria <ul><li>microscopic, single-celled organisms </li></ul><ul><li>do not have a nucleus but do have a ring of DNA (prokaryotic) </li></ul><ul><li>do have a cell wall </li></ul><ul><li>Some can photosynthesize (autotrophic) </li></ul><ul><li>Most are heterotrophic </li></ul>
  4. 4. Bacteria <ul><li>Some bacteria are useful – Lactobacillus bulgaricus used to make yogurt </li></ul><ul><li>Some bacteria are pathogens and cause disease, like Pneumococcus that causes pneumonia </li></ul>
  5. 5. Kingdom Protista <ul><li>single-celled organisms with a nucleus (eukaryotic) </li></ul><ul><li>All live in water </li></ul><ul><li>Includes a huge variety of organisms from giant kelp to amoeba </li></ul><ul><li>All have the same cell structure </li></ul><ul><li>Some can photosynthesize, others can’t </li></ul>
  6. 6. Kingdom Protista <ul><li>Chlorella </li></ul><ul><li>Plasmodium </li></ul><ul><li>Kelp </li></ul><ul><li>Algae </li></ul>
  7. 7. Kingdom Fungi <ul><li>Eukaryotic cells </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot photosynthesize </li></ul><ul><li>Heterotrophic </li></ul><ul><li>Have cell walls </li></ul><ul><li>Some single celled like yeast </li></ul><ul><li>Most multicellular (molds, mushrooms) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Kingdom Fungi
  9. 9. Kingdom Plantae <ul><li>Multicellular – made up of lots of cells </li></ul><ul><li>Make their own food by photosynthesis (autotrophic) </li></ul><ul><li>Have cell walls </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of examples: flowering plants / non-flowering plants </li></ul>
  10. 10. Kingdom Plantae <ul><li>Mosses </li></ul><ul><li>Ferns </li></ul><ul><li>Flowering plants </li></ul><ul><li>Non-flowering plants </li></ul>
  11. 11. Kingdom Animalia <ul><li>Multicellular – made up of may specialised cells </li></ul><ul><li>heterotrophic </li></ul><ul><li>Can be further classified into vertebrates and non-vertebrates then into classes such as amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, insects </li></ul>
  12. 12. Animals you may not have seen… <ul><li>Aye-aye lemur </li></ul><ul><li>Star-nosed mole </li></ul><ul><li>Blob fish </li></ul><ul><li>Alligator snapping turtle </li></ul><ul><li>3-toed Sloth </li></ul><ul><li>Preying mantis </li></ul><ul><li>Nudibranch </li></ul><ul><li>Some type of jellyfish! </li></ul>
  13. 13. Limitations <ul><ul><li>Much more DNA evidence now </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Three Domain System is more recent </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Another way of organizing…
  15. 15. Lichens <ul><li>formed by a fungus and cyanobacteria living symbiotically </li></ul><ul><li>* first to enter an uninhabited area, slowly break down rock </li></ul><ul><li>- </li></ul><ul><li>*they are indicator species: they are very sensitive to environmental change, don't tolerate chemical pollution, eg. sulphur dioxide </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t fit into ANY Kingdom! </li></ul>
  16. 16. What about Viruses? <ul><li>Are they living or not?? </li></ul><ul><li>No one can decide!! </li></ul>

×