3 solutions kalimantan

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3 solutions kalimantan

  1. 1. deforestation in Kalimantan solutions explaining some of the
  2. 2. Background Information Primary Forest Secondary ForestDegraded Forest Untouched for thousands of years Deforested Regrown
  3. 3. Background Information Primary Forest Secondary Forest What’s the difference?
  4. 4. Background Information Sustainable
  5. 5. Background Information can be maintainedSustainable
  6. 6. Background Information can be maintainedSustainable resources can be maintained for future uses. Sustainable Management
  7. 7. Policies and Monitoring / year No Yes
  8. 8. Policies and Monitoring / year No Yes Reforestation
  9. 9. Policies and Monitoring / year No Yes Reforestation Afforestation
  10. 10. Policies and Monitoring / year No Yes Reforestation Afforestation Controlled 
 Logging
  11. 11. Policies and Monitoring / year No Yes Reforestation Afforestation Controlled 
 Logging Conservation
  12. 12. Policies and Monitoring / year No Yes Reforestation Afforestation Controlled 
 Logging Conservation Controlling
 forest fires
  13. 13. Policies and Monitoring / year No Yes Reforestation Afforestation Controlled 
 Logging Conservation Controlling
 forest fires
  14. 14. Policies and Monitoring / year No Yes Reforestation Afforestation Controlled 
 Logging Conservation Controlling
 forest fires ibena
  15. 15. Policies and Monitoring / year No Yes Reforestation Afforestation Controlled 
 Logging Conservation Controlling
 forest fires ibena nd
  16. 16. Policies and Monitoring / year No Yes Reforestation Afforestation Controlled 
 Logging Conservation Controlling
 forest fires ibena nd o
  17. 17. Policies and Monitoring / year No Yes Reforestation Afforestation Controlled 
 Logging Conservation Controlling
 forest fires ibena nd o o
  18. 18. Policies and Monitoring / year No Yes Reforestation Afforestation Controlled 
 Logging Conservation Controlling
 forest fires ibena nd o o runch
  19. 19. Policies and Monitoring / year No Yes Reforestation Afforestation Controlled 
 Logging Conservation Controlling
 forest fires ibena nd o o runch
  20. 20. Policies and Monitoring / year No Yes Reforestation Afforestation Controlled 
 Logging Conservation Controlling
 forest fires ibena nd o o runch
  21. 21. Reforestation Afforestation Teak is a very popular wood as it is very durable!
  22. 22. Reforestation Afforestation formerly forests Teak is a very popular wood as it is very durable!
  23. 23. Reforestation Afforestation formerly forests originally not covered by forests. Teak is a very popular wood as it is very durable!
  24. 24. Reforestation Afforestation formerly forests originally not covered by forests. 
 
 In Kalimantan, this is done by planting mostly teak trees Teak is a very popular wood as it is very durable!
  25. 25. Reforestation Afforestation
  26. 26. Reforestation Afforestation Through the locals
  27. 27. Reforestation Afforestation Through the locals Through Timber companies
  28. 28. Reforestation Afforestation Through the locals Through Timber companies I’m involved in replanting
  29. 29. Reforestation Afforestation Through the locals Through Timber companies I’m involved in replanting I have to pay and keep some trees where I log
  30. 30. Reforestation Afforestation effective?
  31. 31. reforested areas teak trees ready for logging teak tree saplings waiting to be planted Within 5 years
  32. 32. effective? Takes 5 years for teak trees to mature (that’s very fast!)
  33. 33. effective? Takes 5 years for teak trees to mature (that’s very fast!) Timber companies
  34. 34. effective? Takes 5 years for teak trees to mature (that’s very fast!) Timber companies Hey! I have something to log NOw instead of cutting more forests!
  35. 35. reforested areas primary forest What are the implications on the biodiversity? effective?
  36. 36. reforested areas primary forest What are the implications on the biodiversity? effective?
  37. 37. reforested areas primary forest What are the implications on the biodiversity? effective?
  38. 38. Do I look like a Rainforest to you? reforested areas primary forest What are the implications on the biodiversity? effective?
  39. 39. effective?
  40. 40. Rate of replanting is slower than rate of deforestation effective?
  41. 41. Rate of replanting is slower than rate of deforestation Deforestation: 200 000 km2 per year
 Replanting : 90 000 km2 per year effective?
  42. 42. Reforestation Afforestation end of
  43. 43. / year Limit the amount of trees logged Through selective cutting
  44. 44. / year Controlled Logging Limit the amount of trees logged Through selective cutting
  45. 45. / year Controlled Logging Limit the amount of trees logged Through selective cutting What is selective cutting?
  46. 46. Typically, clear-cutting is used to cut trees for logging
  47. 47. Forests are cleared regardless if the plant is a valuable species. Typically, clear-cutting is used to cut trees for logging
  48. 48. So selective cutting doesn’t cut all the trees in the forest.
  49. 49. Only valuable species are logged.
  50. 50. Only valuable species are logged. non-valuable species are left intact
  51. 51. Only valuable species are logged. non-valuable species are left intact valuable species that are not mature enough are not allowed to be logged.
  52. 52. Not enough forest policemen. Limited Manpower / year
  53. 53. Not enough forest policemen. Limited Manpower / year
  54. 54. Not enough forest policemen. Limited Manpower / year Controlled Logging
  55. 55. effective? / year Does selective cutting reduce damage in the forest? ! Watch this video and see what happens when a tree is logged. Does it really reduce damage? ! http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=4Q2uGeD2rpg
  56. 56. Forest floor is ???? exposed as compared to clear cutting. Selective cutting / year
  57. 57. Forest floor is ???? exposed as compared to clear cutting. Selective cutting / year Controlled Logging
  58. 58. As trees are connected through climbers, the fall of a tree will affect other trees as well Affect plants, such as ??? growing on the tree. Damage to other plants / year
  59. 59. As trees are connected through climbers, the fall of a tree will affect other trees as well Affect plants, such as ??? growing on the tree. Damage to other plants / year Controlled Logging
  60. 60. No Yes Conservation careful use of resources to protect them from destruction Definition
  61. 61. No Yes Conservation careful use of resources to protect them from destruction Definition
  62. 62. No Yes Conservation Agreed Forest Land Use Zones Conversion Zone Limited Production Zone careful use of resources to protect them from destruction Definition
  63. 63. No Yes Conservation Agreed Forest Land Use Zones Conversion Zone Limited Production Zone careful use of resources to protect them from destruction Definition Protected Forest deforestation is not allowed in nature reserves. in the form of nature reserves
  64. 64. Large Nature Reserves
 > Protect a variety of species.
 eg: Betang Kesihun NR Success? No Yes Conservation
  65. 65. Remember this city from “Causes”? It expanded to a 
 nearby NATURE
 RESERVE to meet
 the growing housing
 needs. How effective is the 
 conservation in protecting the forest? Limitations?? No Yes Conservation
  66. 66. Remember this city from “Causes”? It expanded to a 
 nearby NATURE
 RESERVE to meet
 the growing housing
 needs. How effective is the 
 conservation in protecting the forest? Limitations?? No Yes Conservation
  67. 67. Policies and plans educating people
  68. 68. Controlling forest fires Policies and plans educating people
  69. 69. Controlling forest fires Policies and plans forest fires awareness programme
 
 > discourage the use of fire to clear the forest. educating people
  70. 70. Controlling forest fires Policies and plans forest fires awareness programme
 
 > discourage the use of fire to clear the forest. educating people to monitor the forest fires government set up....
  71. 71. Controlling forest fires Policies and plans forest fires awareness programme
 
 > discourage the use of fire to clear the forest. educating people to monitor the forest fires government set up....
  72. 72. Limitations? Educating the people through forest fire awareness campaign
  73. 73. Controlling forest fires Limitations? Educating the people through forest fire awareness campaign
  74. 74. Controlling forest fires Limitations? Educating the people through forest fire awareness campaign
  75. 75. Controlling forest fires Limitations? Educating the people through forest fire awareness campaign What about us?
  76. 76. Plantation owners still burn the forest
 > ?? way of clearing the forest ! Difficult to enforce
 > why? Limitations?
  77. 77. Controlling forest fires Plantation owners still burn the forest
 > ?? way of clearing the forest ! Difficult to enforce
 > why? Limitations?
  78. 78. Controlling forest fires Plantation owners still burn the forest
 > ?? way of clearing the forest ! Difficult to enforce
 > why? Limitations?

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