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Extreme sports + relative clauses


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This is a useful power point presentation to see different types of extreme sports and to see the use of relative clauses in context

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Extreme sports + relative clauses

  1. 1. Wingsuit Flying Ski Jumping Free Solo Climbing EXTREME SPORTS By Ms. Liliana Lo Preiato 1
  2. 2. What are EXTREME SPORTS?• An extreme sport – also called freesport, action sport, or adventure sport - is a popular term for certain activities which people perceive involve danger.• Athletes who are involved in extreme sports compete not only against other athletes but also against environmental obstacles and challenges. By Ms. Liliana Lo Preiato 2
  3. 3. Classification• In 2004 J. Tomlinson classified extreme sports into those that take place in air, land, and water.• But they can also be classified according the element they use or the surrounding they are practised in.• For example: By Ms. Liliana Lo Preiato 3
  4. 4. • BOARDSPORTS: bodyboarding – kitesurfing – mountain boarding – sandboarding – skateboarding – sky surfing – snowboarding – snow skating – surfing – windsurfing, etc.• MOTORSPORTS: motocross – rallying – snowcross, etc.• WATERSPORTS: free-diving – jet skiing – rafting – scuba diving – waterskiing – whitewater canoeing, etc.• MONTAINEERING: free solo climbing – ice climbing – rock climbing – skyrunning, etc.• FREE FALL: base jumping – bungee jumping – cliff jumping - parachuting – skydiving, etc.• FLYING: hang gliding – paragliding – speed flying, wingsuit flying, etc.• OTHERS: bicycle motocross – inline skating – mountain biking – paintball – rappelling – stunt pogoing, etc. By Ms. Liliana Lo Preiato 4
  6. 6. KITESURFING is a sport which uses a largecontrollable kite and the power of wind to propela rider across the water on a small surfboard. By Ms. Liliana Lo Preiato 6
  7. 7. MOTOCROSSis a form ofmotorcycleracing whichis practised onenclosedtracks. It ispractised in allweatherconditions. Aespecialmotorbike isused in thissport. By Ms. Liliana Lo Preiato 7
  8. 8. JETSKIING is asport in which aperson on a smallself-propelledvehicle similar to ascooter movesquickly over thewater. It is therider’s ability, whosurfs waves usingthem as a ramp foraerial maneuvers,which makes thissport risky. By Ms. Liliana Lo Preiato 8
  9. 9. FREE SOLO CLIMBING is a form of free climbing where the climber decides not to wear any protective gear as ropes or harnesses. While ascending, the climber only relies on strength, climbing ability, and courage to avoid a fatal fallBy Ms. Liliana Lo Preiato 9
  10. 10. BASE JUMPING is an activity where the participants jump from fixed objects and use a parachute to break their fall. ‘BASE’ is an acronym which stands for four categories of fixed objects from which the person can jump: buildings, antennas, bridges, and cliffs.By Ms. Liliana Lo Preiato 10
  11. 11. CLIFF JUMPING isthe activity ofjumping from a cliff– a high area ofrock, often at theedge of the sea orocean – as aplatform withoutany protectivedevice. Thus, theperson who jumpsskydives into thewater. By Ms. Liliana Lo Preiato 11
  12. 12. HANG GLIDINGis a sport inwhich a pilotflies a light andunmotorizedaircraft calledhang glider.The pilot lies ina harnesssuspendedfrom the hangglider andcontrols it byshifting theirbody. By Ms. Liliana Lo Preiato 12
  13. 13. BICLYCLE MOTOCROSS is also called BMX. It is a sport which main goal is extreme racing on bicycles on tracks with obstacles. The bicycle used in this sport is especially designed for dirt and motocross cycling.By Ms. Liliana Lo Preiato 13
  14. 14. RAPPELLING is a controlled descend down a rock usinga rope. Climbers use this technique in cliffs or slopeswhich fall too quickly, not gradually. By Ms. Liliana Lo Preiato 14
  15. 15. WINGSUIT FLYINGis a sport by whicha person makeshis body flythrough the air.The person uses aspecial jumpsuit,called wingsuit,which addssurface to thehuman body. Thispermits anincrease in lift. By Ms. Liliana Lo Preiato 15
  16. 16. PARACHUTING is also known as skydiving. In this a person who is in an aircraft jumps out of it into the air, and returns to earth with the help of gravity while using a parachute to slow down during the final part of the descent. It may involve certain free- fall time during which the parachute has not been displayed.By Ms. Liliana Lo Preiato 16
  17. 17. SPEED FLYINGis an air sportin which aperson flies afast, smallfabric wing,down fallingquicklyslopes. Itcombineselements ofparachuting,and skiing. By Ms. Liliana Lo Preiato 17
  18. 18. PAINTBALL is an extreme sport in whichpeople compete, in teams orindividually, to eliminate opponents bychasing them with capsules containingdyed water and a gelatin shell outside.These special ‘bullets’ are propelled bya device called paintball gun. By Ms. Liliana Lo Preiato 18
  19. 19. SNOW SKATING is a product of mixing skateboarding andsnowboarding. This practice is intended to permit the person onthe skate, who known as snow skater, to perform tricks on thesnow. By Ms. Liliana Lo Preiato 19
  20. 20. SKATEBOARDING is an action sport which involves riding and performing tricks using a skateboard. Some people also consider skateboarding as a mean of transportation. The current generation of skateboards is dominated by street skateboarding although there are tracks built specially for this sport.By Ms. Liliana Lo Preiato 20
  21. 21. STUNT POGOING is the act ofperforming stunts or tricks on apogo stick. This practice is oftencompared to extreme sportssuch as skateboarding. Thesport is also known as Xpogo.The pogo stick which is usedpermits the riders to get heightsof over 2 mts. By Ms. Liliana Lo Preiato 21
  22. 22. Some Extreme Sports Equipment Outdoor Traction Shoes Parachute Skateboard Pogo Stick Motorcycle Jet Ski Harness Paintball Gun By Ms. Liliana Lo Preiato 22
  23. 23. XTREME EXTREME SPORTS GO BIG OR GO HOME! By Ms. Liliana Lo Preiato 23