Conscription2

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Conscription2

  1. 1. Conscription World War One
  2. 2. What is conscription? This is the forced enlistment of men into the armed forces. It is also the right to send these men overseas.
  3. 3. Why was it needed? After people began to hear about the horrors of the War, especially in Europe, they did not want to enlist in the army. In July 1916, there were 23 000 Australian casualties in one battle at Poizièrs in France.
  4. 4. Who tried to introduce it? Prime Minister Billy Hughes travelled to France in 1916 to visit the ANZAC troops. He said that 32 000 more men were needed. He was a member of the Labor Party and they did not support conscription.
  5. 5. How did he try to introduce it? He held a referendum on this issue. This is a national vote everyone in Australia has to vote on a question. They have to answer ‘yes’ or ‘no’. It is successful if there is a double majority. This means that the majority of people in the majority of States have to vote ‘yes’.
  6. 6. Arguments FOR….. Patriotism Need to support the men in the trenches Otherwise you were supporting the enemy. The country might be taken over by Germany.
  7. 7. Arguments against…. Led by Archbishop Mannix. More men would make very little difference. Men were needed at home to work in factories and on farms to feed the nation. The war was not Australia’s concern.
  8. 8. The people vote… In October 1916, the people voted ‘NO’. In December 1917, the people voted ‘NO’.
  9. 9. How effective are these posters in convincingpeople to sway for or against Conscription?Analyse.
  10. 10. Conscription badge http://dl.screenaustralia.gov.au/module/1175/ Answer the questions after you watch the segment.

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