Vertical Building Studio

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Vertical Building Studio Project

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Vertical Building Studio

  1. 1. VERTICAL CIRCULATION PRECEDENT ANALYSES REDUCED CORE TYPES VERTICAL BUILDING STUDIO 5 New York, Chicago, Los Angeles TAPERED TOWER: PERIPHERAL APARTMENT LOBBY SHUTTLE SERVICE LOCAL EXPRESS ESCALATORS AND STAIRS INNOVATION VERTICAL CIRCULATION EVOLUTION JOHN HANCOCK TOWER, CHICAGO - SOM LOCAL SERVICE ELEVATOR CORES DO NOT STACK. TOP CORE SERVES RESIDENTIAL BOTTOM CORE SERVES LOCAL ELEVATOR CORES STACK IN CENTER OF THE BUILDING. APARTMENT LOBBY SHUTTLE ALLOWS RESIDENTS TO BYPASS OFFICE FLOORS. OBSERVATORY SHUTTLE STAIR CORES LOCATED IN CENTER OF THE BUILDING. ESCALATOR TIES LOBBY TO CONCOURSE. PRIME REAL ESTATE LOCATED ABOVE PERIPHERAL APARTMENT LOBBY SHUTTLE. OFFICE USE. CONNECTS CONCOURSE TO OBSERVATION DECK. Critic: Greg Lynn ESCALATOR VALLEY ESCALATOR BAR ESCALATOR CORE LOCAL ELEVATORS EXPRESS + ZONED LOCAL ELEVATORS ZONED LOCAL ELEVATORS EXPRESS ELEVATORS + LOCAL ESCALATORS KYOTO TRAIN STATION, KYOTO CENTRE POMPIDOU, PARS HAROLD WASHINGTON LIBRARY, CHICAGO A & A, NEW HAVEN SEARS TOWER, CHICAGO TYPICAL OFFICE BUILDING, NEW YORK + BUNDLED TUBES: SKY LOBBY SHUTTLES IN PERIPHERAL TUBES SERVICE LOCAL EXPRESS ESCALATORS AND STAIRS INNOVATION SEARS TOWER, CHICAGO - SOM SERVICE ELEVATOR CORES LOCATED THREE ZONES OF LOCAL ELEVATOR TWO DOUBLE DECKER SKY LOBBY ESCALATORS FACILITATE ACCESS TO SKY LOBBIES ALLOW OCCUPANTS TO IN CENTER OF THE BUILDING. CORES STACK AROUND SERVICE SHUTTLE CORES LOCATED IN SKY LOBBY AND OBSERVATORY RIDE EXPRESS ELEVATORS FROM ELEVATOR CORE. PERIPHERAL TUBES. OBSERVATORY SHUTTLES. GROUND TO SKY LOBBY AND THEN SHUTTLE CONNECTS CONCOURSE TO TRANSFER TO LOCAL LIFT ZONES. OBSERVATION DECK. LOCAL APPROACH ZONE APPROACH ELEVATOR TRANSPORT TWIN TOWERS: SKY LOBBY SHUTTLES COUPLED WITH SKYBRIDGE SERVICE LOCAL EXPRESS ESCALATORS AND STAIRS INNOVATION PETRONAS TOWER, KUALA LUMPUR - CESAR PELLI & ASSOCIATES SERVICE ELEVATOR CORES LOCATED TWO ZONES OF LOCAL ELEVATORS DOUBLE DECKER SKY LOBBY ESCALATORS FACILITATE ACCESS TO HORIZONTAL CONNECTIONS AT SKY IN TOWER CENTERS. STACK IN THE CENTERS OF THE SHUTTLE CORES LOCATED TOWARDS DOUBLE DECKER SKY LOBBY LOBBY LEVEL CREATE MULTIPLE TOWERS. ONE SET OF LOCAL PERIPHERY OF EACH TOWER ARE SHUTTLES. MODES OF EGRESS. Program ELEVATORS IN UPPER ZONE SERVES FLOORS BENEATH SKY LOBBY. COUPLED WITH THE SKY LOBBY BRIDGE. ESCALATOR BUILDING TYPES The goal of this studio was to transportation strategy: handle large volumes of people discover ways to innovate the the zoned approach and the and express elevators can skyscraper. In order to do this, local approach. In the local move quickly with fewer time the studio investigated several approach, elevators and consuming stops, (2) areas pertinent to skyscraper escalators serve every floor. escalators create smoother typology: vertical transportation, In the zoned approach, local more fluid transitions between program, skin, sustainability, elevators are staggered and floors, (3) depending on the ESCALATOR BAR: ESCALATOR FACADE ESCALATOR PROMENADE AUXILIARY ESCALATORS ELEVATORS AND STAIRS INNOVATION CENTRE POMPIDOU, PARS - PIANO AND ROGERS ESCALATOR SYSTEM, HORIZONTAL LANDING LOCAL ESCALATORS DEFINE DIFFERENT TWO SETS OF PERIPHERAL STAIRS PROVIDE ESCALATOR PROMENADE RELATED TO PLAZA, massing, and media. shuttle elevators are used to program, the vertical CONNECTORS, AND VERTICAL CIRCULATION SANDWICH FORM FRONT FACADE OF BUILDING. FUNCTIONAL ZONES WITHIN THE BUILDING: EXHIBITION, ENTRANCE, LIBRARY. MEANS OF EGRESS. ONE ELEVATOR LOBBY COUPLED TO START OF ESCALATOR AND NEW EXPERIENCE OF THE CITY PROMENADE. TWO SETS OF SERVICE AND serve sky lobbies. transportation network can be OFFICE ELEVATORS LOCATED AT THE REAR. In researching vertical configured (and easily transportation in buildings such For this project, a new branch reconfigured) to mix use in as the Sears Tower, Pompidou in the evolution of vertical certain ways, (4) the 'street' Center, and John Hancock, it transportation was proposed formed by the continuous chain became apparent that vertical and investigated: the express of escalators can be configured transportation is closely linked elevator and local escalator to address different urban to the use of tall buildings. With system. In this configuration, conditions. ESCALATOR CORE: ESCALATORS AS PRIMARY CIRCULATION ESCALATOR PROMENADE AUXILIARY ESCALATORS ELEVATORS AND STAIRS INNOVATION this in mind, the goal of the express elevators bring people HAROLD WASHINGTON LIBRARY CENTER, CHICAGO - HAMMOND, BEEBY & BABKA INTERNAL ESCALATOR CORE CONNECTS ALL LIBRARY FLOORS. VISITORS TO UPPER FLOORS LOCAL ESCALATORS DEFINE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONAL ZONES WITHIN THE BUILDING: SERVICE AND PASSENGER ELEVATORS ARE LOCATED IN THE BACK OF THE BUILDING. TWO ESCALATOR PROMENADE PROVIDE THE PRIMARY MEANS OF TRANSIT BETWEEN PASS BY LOWER FLOORS VIA ESCALATOR. ENTRANCE, OBSERVATORY, THEATER. SETS OF PERIPHERAL STAIRS PROVIDE MEANS FLOORS. LIKE A DEPARTMENT STORE. research developed into finding to certain zones, they then take After developing a vertical OF EGRESS. a new way to use and a maximum of two escalator transportation system for experience tall buildings by rides to reach their destination. skyscrapers, the latter half of developing a new mode of the semester was devoted to vertical circulation. The proposed 'vertical investigating how the system transportation network' system could accommodate Motorola's After making the precedent has many advantages over program and three different studies, the precedents were traditional vertical circulation urban conditions (New York, organized by vertical systems: (1) escalators can Chicago, and Los Angeles). ESCALATOR VALLEY: ESCALATOR LANDSCAPE ESCALATOR PROMENADE AUXILIARY ESCALATORS ELEVATORS INNOVATION KYOTO TRAIN STATION, KYOTO - HIROSHI HARA GIGANTIC DIAGONAL ESCALATORS THEMATIZE LOCAL ESCALATORS CONNECT MULTI- LEVEL MULTIPLE ELEVATOR GROUPS ROUGHLY AWE-INDUCING SCALE OF ESCALATOR VALLEY THE CONSUMER LANDSCAPE, LEAVING PLAZAS AND COORDINATE PROGRAM-SPECIFIC ORGANIZED IN TWO PARALLEL ZONES FACILITATES LATERAL PROGRAM CONTINUITY VISITORS WITH ELEGANT SENSE OF WONDER PEDESTRIAN NARRATIVES AND NON-STOP STIMULATION.
  2. 2. VERTICAL CIRCULATION NETWORK MIXED USE POSSIBILITIES DESCRIPTION DESCRIPTION DESCRIPTION DESCRIPTION DESCRIPTION DESCRIPTION DESCRIPTION DESCRIPTION DESCRIPTION 2 CENTRAL CORES OF DOUBLE DECKERS DESCRIPTION 2 PERIPHERAL CORES OF SINGLE DECKERS 2 PERIPHERAL CORES OF SINGLE DECKERS DESCRIPTION 2 PERIPHERAL CORES OF DOUBLE DECKERS 3 CENTRAL CORES OF DOUBLE DECKERS DESCRIPTION 3 PERIPHERAL CORES OF SINGLE DECKERS 3 PERIPHERAL CORES OF DOUBLE DECKERS DESCRIPTION DESCRIPTION DESCRIPTION 1 CENTRAL CORE OF DOUBLE DECKERS 2 CENTRAL CORES OF DOUBLE DECKERS TOP OF DOUBLE DECKERS RESIDENTIAL 2 CENTRAL CORES OF DOUBLE DECKERS EACH ELEVATOR SERVES MULTIPLE USES EACH ELEVATOR SERVES MULTIPLE USES 2 PERIPHERAL CORES OF SINGLE DECKERS ONE DOUBLE DECKER FOR OFFICE, THE 3 CENTRAL CORES OF DOUBLE DECKERS EACH DOUBLE DECKER HAS OWN USE 3 PERIPHERAL CORES OF DOUBLE DECKERS 3 PERIPHERAL CORES OF ALTERNATING 3 PERIPHERAL CORES OF ALTERNATING EACH SET OF DOUBLE DECKERS HAS ONE USE BOTTOM OF DOUBLE DECKERS HOUSING DOUBLE DECKER ARE SPLIT IN HALF BY USE. (OFFICE OR RESIDENTIAL OR COMMERCIAL) (OFFICE OR RESIDENTIAL OR COMMERCIAL) EACH ELEVATOR SERVES MULTIPLE USES OTHER FOR OFFICE AND COMMERCIAL LIMITATIONS: EACH CORE HAS ONE USE LIMITATIONS: DOUBLE DECKERS SORTED BY PLAN SORTED BY SECTION DOUBLE DECKERS SORTED BY SECTION DOUBLE DECKERS SORTED BY SECTION LIMITATIONS: ONE DOUBLE DECKER HAS RESIDENCE ON SORTING AT GROUND LEVEL SECTIONALLY SHARED USE IN ELEVATORS MEANS SORTING EACH ELEVATOR SET HAS 2 FUNCTIONS CORE SIZE LIMITS THE HEIGHT OF THE BUILDING LIMITATIONS: LIMITATIONS: TOP THE OTHER HAS OFFICE ON TOP LIMITATIONS: LIMITATIONS: LIMITATIONS: LIMITATIONS: COMPLEX LIMITATIONS: IN LOBBIES LIMITATIONS: RESIDENCE ON TOP OFFICE ON BOTTOM LIMITATIONS: LIMITATIONS: ESCALATORS MUST BE POSITIONED TO RETURN EVERY LOBBY IS DOUBLE HEIGHT SMALL SIZE OF PR OGRAM BANDS OVERLAP OF USERS IN ELEVATORS, ELEVATORS CARRY BOTH RESIDENTIAL AND ELEVATORS CARRY BOTH RESIDENTIAL AND DOUBLE USE DOUBLE DECKERS COME NO QUICK CONNECTIONS BETWEEN ZONES ALTERNATING PROGRAM SMALLER BANDS SORTING COMPLEXITY TO THE CORE TWO TYPES OF USES ABOVE GROUND ZONE LIMITATIONS: SECURITY HARD TO ACHIEVE. OFFICE PEOPLE OFFICE PEOPLE TOGETHER IN CERTAIN AREAS MIXED USE IMPLICATIONS: SHAFT SPACE TAKEN UP ON LOWER FLOORS MIXED USE IMPLICATIONS: LIMITATIONS: EACH ELEVATOR SET HAS 2 FUNCTIONS SOME TYPES OF USE SUCH AS HOUSING MIXED USE IMPLICATIONS: PROGRAM MUST ALTERNATE 5 STORY BANDING VARIABLE BANDING 5-30 FLOORS MIXED USE IMPLICATIONS: SMALLER BANDS FOR USE 2-3 FLOORS MIXED USE IMPLICATIONS: MIXED USE IMPLICATIONS: WOULD BE BETTER BANDED IN THE HIGHER 3 STORY BANDING MIXED USE IMPLICATIONS: MIXED USE IMPLICATIONS: MIXED USE IMPLICATIONS: MIXED USE IMPLICATIONS 3 DIFFERENT TYPES OF PROGRAMS SORTED MIXED USE IMPLICATIONS: MORE CORES MEANS ESCALATORS HAVE 5-10 STORY BANDING MIXED USE IMPLICATIONS VARIABLE BANDING 5-30 FLOORS 2-3 STORY BANDS LAYERS ESCALATORS MANIPULATED TO MAKE ZONES MIXED USE IMPLICATIONS: 2-4 STORY BANDING 2-4 STORY BANDING 10-20 STORY BANDING VARIABLE BANDING 5-30 FLOORS 1 PROGRAM CAN HAVE THREE PARTS OF 3 DIFFERENT TYPES OF PROGRAMS MORE FREEDOM IN PLACEMENT DOUBLE HEIGHT LOBBY POTENTIAL MIXED USE IMPLICATIONS: 2 - 5 STORY BANDING CENTRAL OR TOP AND BOTTOM ENTRY TO STAIGHT FORWARD INTERCONNECTION WITHIN BUILDINGS 6 STORY BANDING BETWEEN ELEVATOR STOPS OVERLAP IN PROGRAMS OCCUR AT ELEVATOR ELEVATORS CARRY BOTH RESIDENTIAL AND 3 ZONES: RESIDENTIAL ON TOP, OFFICE IN SANDWICH OF USES BUILDING ORGANIZED IN TRADITIONAL ZONING ATRIUM SPACES USED TO DEFINE ZONES CENTRAL ENTRY TO ZONES 2 - 3 STORY BANDING DEFINITION OF ZONES BETWEEN CABS OF ZONES BETWEEN ZONES MIXED USE IMPLICATIONS: MORE EVEN DISTRIBUTION OF DIFFERENT BUILDING LIMITED TO 2 TYPES OF USE STOP FLOORS OFFICE PEOPLE MIDDLE, COMMERCIAL/INSTITUTIONAL ON PROGRAM CAN WRAP ANOTHER PROGRAM EACH COMPANY CAN HAVE A PIECE OF THE MIDDLE ENTRY TO ZONES CENTRAL OR TOP AND BOTTOM ENTRY TO CENTRAL OR TOP AND BOTTOM ENTRY TO END ENTRY TO ZONES ELEVATOR END ENTRY TO ZONES 3 OR 6 STORY ALTERNATE BANDING PROGRAMS TOP AND BOTTOM ENTRY FOR EVERY ZONE LOBBIES NODE FLOORS ARE AREAS SUITABLE EACH ELEVATOR STOP FLOOR HAS THE MOST BOTTOM TOP AND BOTTOM ENTRY TO ZONES TOP (PRESTIGE VIEW, SPACE) AND BOTTOM ZONES ZONES END ENTRY TO ZONES OCCUPANTS SORT IN PLAN TOP OR BOTTOM ENTRY FOR ZONES FOR COMMUNAL, COMMERCIAL ACTIVITY. TRAFFIC AND IS DEVOTED TO 1 USE ESCALATORS UNLINKED IN AREAS TO DEFINE (CHEAPER RENTS, EASIER ACCESS) CENTRAL ENTRY TO ZONES SORTING OCCURS AT ELEVATOR STOPS CENTRAL OR TOP AND BOTTOM ENTRY TO PROGRAMMATIC ZONES. END ENTRY TO ZONES CENTRAL OR TOP AND BOTTOM ENTRY TO ZONES CENTRAL OR TOP AND BOTTOM ENTRY TO ZONES ZONES CENTRAL PERIPHERAL CENTRAL PERIPHERAL DOUBLE CORE DOUBLE CORE TRIPLE CORE TRIPLE CORE SINGLE CORE DOUBLE CORE TRIPLE CORE LOCAL ESCALATORS EXPRESS ELEVATORS
  3. 3. VERTICAL CIRCULATION NETWORK ADVANTAGES AND POTENTIAL SPACE SAVINGS flrs 30-40 flrs 30-40 5,600 9,424 flrs 20-30 flrs 20-30 11,200 9,424 flrs 10-20 flrs 10-20 16,800 15,456 flrs 1-10 flrs 1-10 22,400 15,456 56,000 sf 49,760 sf PROPOSED BUILDING TYPICAL TYPICAL OFFICE BUILDING PROPOSED ASSUMING A TYPICAL OFFICE BUILDING OF 40 STORIES CONTAINS 27 SINGLE DECKER ELEVATORS, AND A VERTICAL CIRCULATION NETWORK BUILDING CONTAINS 10 DOUBLE DECKERS AND 6 SINGLE DECKER ELEVATORS, A10% SAVINGS IN RENTABLE FLOOR AREA IS ACHIEVED BY DEPLOYING A VERTICAL CIRCULATION NETWORK FOR 40 A STORY BUILDING. MOVEMENT MIXING ENTRY THREADED EGRESS TRAVEL TO NARROW BANDING MEDIUM BANDING BLURRED BANDS WIDE BANDING SANDWICHING EXPERIENCE OTHER FLOORS A VERTICAL CIRCULATION NETWORK BUILDING TAKES ADVANTAGE OF THE LARGE VOLUME CAPACITY OF ESCALATORS, (10,000 PASSENGERS/HOUR) AND THE SPEED OF EXPRESS ELEVATORS (2900 THE VERTICAL CIRCULATION NETWORK SYSTEM CAN GENERATE MANY DIFFERENT TYPES OF MIXED USE POSSIBILITIES. DEPENDING ON THE PROGRAM, THE VERTICAL TRANSPORTATION NETWORK PASSENGERS/HOUR). ESCALATORS ALLOW MORE INTER-CONNECTIONS AND CARRYING CAPACITY BETWEEN FLOORS. CAN BE CONFIGURED (AND EASILY RECONFIGURED) TO MIX USE IN CERTAIN WAYS. SORTING RECONFIGURABILITY SECTIONAL DOUBLE DECKER ALTERNATING SECTIONAL PLAN MIXING DOUBLE DECKER DOUBLE DECKER ELEVATORS CAN BE USED TO SORT OCCUPANTS IN VARIOUS MODES AND TO SET UP FINITE OR OVERLAPPING ZONES OF USAGE. LOBBY TYPES TOP AND BOTTOM ENTRY BOTTOM OR TOP ENTRY MIDDLE ENTRY MIDDLE WITH OVERLAPPING PROGRAM ENTRY ELEVATOR USE AND STOPS DEFINE VARIOUS LOBBY CONFIGURATIONS. MIDDLE ENTRY LOBBIES ALLOW RELATED FLOORS TO HAVE A MORE PROXIMAL RELATIONSHIP TO LOBBIES. THE STOPS ON THE EXPRESS ELEVATOR SHAFTS CAN BE CHANGED ACCORDING TO SPECIFIC MIXED USAGE DEMANDS
  4. 4. MOTOROLA SKYSCRAPER MATRIX VERTICAL CIRCULATION: PROGRAM: STRUCTURE: SKIN: INTEGRATION: EXPRESS ELEVATORS + LOCAL ESCALATORS NODES + MEETING ROOMS + PRIVATE OFFICES COLUMNS + FLOOR DIAPHRAGMS + INHABITED LATERAL EXTERIOR + MEDIA RIBBON + INTERIOR SKIN VERTICAL + HORIZONTAL + LATERAL EXPRESS ELEVATORS NODES COLUMN GRID EXTERIOR SKIN VERTICAL INTEGRATION TWO CORES PROVIDE ACCESS TO OFFICE, NODES ARE POSITIONED AT EXPRESS ELEVATOR COLUMN GRID HOLDS UP FLOOR PLATES AND GLASS BLOCKS OF DIFFERING SECTION ARE NODES AND EXPRESS ELEVATORS ARE INTERLOCKED. COMMERCIAL, AND RESIDENTIAL USES. STOPS. THESE ARE DESTINATIONS. PROGRAM SUCH EXTERIOR SKIN. DEPLOYED ON THE OUTER SKIN OF THE FACADE CORES AND EXTERIOR COLUMNS COUNTERACT AS CAFE, AUDITORIUM, EXHIBITION AREA INHABIT DEPENDING ON THE PROGRAM. GRAVITY LOADS. THESE AREAS. LOCAL ESCALATORS INTERNAL STREET INHABITED LATERAL STRUCTURE MEDIA RIBBON LATERAL INTEGRATION LOCAL ELEVATOR CORES STACK IN CENTER OF THE STANDARD CONFERENCE ROOMS ALONG LATERAL STRUCTURE IS ENLARGED AND INHABITED MEDIA STREAMS ALONG THE INTERNAL STREET OF THE INHABITED LATERAL STRUCTURE INCORPORATES BUILDING. INTERNAL STREET FOSTER COMMUNICATION BY INTERNAL STREET THE BUILDING STREAMING MEDIA, MAKES PROGRAMMATIC BETWEEN MARKETING AND DESIGN DEPARTMENTS. CONNECTIONS, AND WORKS TO COUNTERACT WIND PROGRAM IS 'ZIPPERED'. LOADING. STREET CONNECTION PRIVATE OFFICES FLOOR PLATE DIAPHRAGMS INTERIOR SKIN HORIZONTAL INTEGRATION ESCALATORS FORM PART OF A COMMERCIAL PRIVATE OFFICES OVERLOOK INTERNAL STREET FLOOR PLATES, COLUMN GRID, AND LATERAL THE INNER SKIN IS OPERABLE OFFICE FLOORS BRACE VERTICAL AND DIAGONAL LANDSCAPE THAT MAKES A SEAMLESS TRANSITION STRUCTURE ARE INTERCONNECTED STRUCTURE. OFFICES ARE LOCATED OFF THE FROM STREET TO BUILDING INTERNAL STREET.
  5. 5. MOTOROLA DEPLOYMENT: NEW YORK + CHICAGO + LOS ANGELES NEW YORK ENGAGE MEDIA CORE OF IMES SQUARE WITH FOOT. fOOT ACTS AS SETBACK. ORIENT ICON TO PORT AUTHORITY (MAJOR TRANSIT HUB) AND 8TH AVENUE TRAFFIC FOR MAXIMUM BRANDING POTENTIAL CHICAGO LOW LYING BUILDING IN THE AREA CREATES POTENTIAL TO ENGAGE CITY SKYLINE ORIENT ICON ENGAGE STATE STREET TO NEARBY PLAZA WITH DOWNTOWN COMMERCIAL FOOT LOS ANGELES FOOT NOT ONLY ACCOMODATES PEDESTRIAN ACCESS, BUT VEHICULAR TRAFFIC AND PARKING TO SUIT LA LIFESTYLE ICON ORIENTED TO ADJACENT FREEWAY
  6. 6. MOTOROLA PROGRAM: NODE + INTERNAL STREET + PRIVATE OFFICES The Motorola program is organized into three categories: nodes, internal street, and private offices. The nodes are positioned at express elevator stops. The nodes act as destinations, for large amounts of traffic. Program such as cafe, auditorium, exhibition area inhabit these areas. The terraced conference rooms along the internal street foster communication between marketing and design departments. Private offices overlook the internal street. 1 2 RESTAURANT HOTEL ROOMS LOUNGE PROGRAM CAFE 1 Node: Cafe MARKETING OFFICES 2 Internal Street: Conference Rooms S ER OOM 3 Private Offices: Motorola Design C EN ER NF CO CAFE DESIGN OFFICES AUDITORIUM AUDITORIUM MEETING ROOM MEETING ROOM EXHIBIT 3 COMMERCIAL
  7. 7. MOTOROLA SKIN: PROJECTION +TRANSPARENCY + MOVEMENT The Motorola program is organized into 3 categories: node, internal street, and private offices. The express elevator stops become destinations. These nodes are programmed with event spaces: auditoriums, cafes, larger conference rooms. The Internal street is programmed with conference rooms. Getting off on your floor, you pass by the conference rooms. The conference rooms terrace within the internal street. Interconnection between marketing and design departments. 1 3 7

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