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                      2     Greenpoint, Brooklyn



                                                                             Sunnyside Garde...

The site model on the right
shows the proposed waterfront
development for Greenpoint.
The high...






The abandoned industrial             visit...

The building elevations show
how the residential core is
directly related to the core

The dark interior spans of the
abandoned factory buildings
are used for parking. Housing
lines ...
Dwelling units are built into the
existing structure/column grid of
the abandoned factory buil...
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Urban Planning Studio - Greenpoint


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Urban planning studio with Michael Haverland

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Urban Planning Studio - Greenpoint

  1. 1. URBAN PLANNING STUDIO 2 Greenpoint, Brooklyn Program Like many other waterfront port sites in New York City, Greenpoint, Brooklyn, was once a flourishing industrial area. Large numbers of Polish Critic: Michael Haverland immigrants came and settled in Greenpoint during the 1860's to work in its distinctive shipyards and rope factories. However, with the rapid decline of post-war industry and increase in rents, heavy manufacturing left Greenpoint and New York in the 1960's. Today the waterfront of Greenpoint is largely One of the many Residential housing distinctive abandoned crafted by shipyard abandoned; the large empty industrial buildings workers on Milton industrial buildings lining the that comprise the and Noble Streets Greenpoint Terminal (above) shores are the only reminders Market (left) of its storied past. With the recent renewal of housing demand in New York City and its boroughs, the waterfront area of Greenpoint has become of great interest to development, and development The Greenpoint Plan Analysis PRECEDENT ANALYSIS residents, planners, and of community facilities. In order (pg 3-4) proposes to connect SUNNYSIDE GARDENS developers. Despite several to develop an urban strategy, the site to the greater urban drawbacks, (i.e., no direct other relevant New York City fabric of Brooklyn at three subway service to Manhattan, urban precedents were urban scales: regional no waterfront access), there is studied: Sunnyside Gardens, connection, residential core, great potential in developing Roosevelt Island, and Long and open space. The intent is Greenpoint because of its Island City. to study how these three I stable immigrant population, scales overlap, relate, II III historic character, and safe The Sunnyside Gardens model and intersect to create urban neighborhoods. (right) developed by the synergy. In other words, how Regional Planning Association can open space activate The 197a Plan for Greenpoint's in the 1920's was a particularly commercial activity, how can redevelopment was used as an instructive model for its residential neighborhoods TYPICAL SUNNYSIDE GARDENS BLOCK TYPOLOGY important reference because it innovations in block typology, interlock with open space, and clearly outlines the use of open space, and how can the public access the community's goals in shaping articulation of traffic (service waterfront. Proposed urban II the future of Greenpoint. Those and front door entry), within synergies are promoted goals include: visual and the constraints of the New York through programmatic physical waterfront acess, City grid layout. adjacencies and sharing, and SECTIONAL LAND USE connections to other parks overlapping of infrastructure. within Brooklyn, increases in From these precedent studies, affordable housing, mixed-use a systematic approach was A more detailed precinct study Public open space Public entry development including light adopted for the development of the residential core follows Communal courtyard Service entry manufacturing, retail of the Greenpoint Plan. the proposed Greenpoint Plan. Private yard Housing OPEN SPACE CONFIGURATION ENTRY MODES
  2. 2. GREENPOINT PLANNING ANALYSIS Sunnyside Gardens REGIONAL CONNECTION 10 Long Island Expressway (L.I.E.) Queens West 10 Greenpoint Avenue and Calyer Street are Queensborough Bridge changed to support commercial and retail 6 7 5 10 5 4 3 activities, thereby linking the Manhattan Avenue Long Island City 2 3 B.Q.E. 8 commercial spine to our site. High density 8 G Williamsburg Bridge residential uses are located at important 9 intersections with commercial nodes to support manhattan Brooklyn Bridge 2 3 the commercial/retail activities Williamsburg Mass transit (ferry, subway, buses) and vehicular 1 (cars and trucks) transportation links are made 1 between our site and the region. 1 Access to the waterfront is provided for the Coastal Interborough Ferry (Queens) COMMERCIAL / RETAIL PROGRAM LAYOUT (VERTICAL): greater Brooklyn neighborhood. Service areas such as parking structures support our new anhattan) Subway Manhattan Commercial Spine Greenpoint Avenue Interboroug h Ferry (M lyn ) 1. Parking located below ground 6. Library, internet cafe regional connection. ok 2. Ferry terminal and retail 7. Cultural centre, cinema ro (B 3. Restaurants, bars, clubs 8. Retail ry er 4. Supermarket 9. Parking structure lF ta 5. Service retail 10. High density residential as Co RESIDENTIAL CORE The residential core is directly related to the inland residential neighborhoods between West Street and Manhattan Avenue. It lies at the 3 intersection between the Greenpoint and Williamsburg street grids. 2 To retain the distinctive character of our site, the Greenpoint Terminal Market is converted to 1 residential uses. A semi-public realm is created Residential Core through the modification of circulation elements in existing industrial buildings. Ample parking is provided in the interior of the adapted industrial buildings to retain the pedestrian character of the residential core. INNER RESIDENTIAL PROGRAM LAYOUT (VERTICAL): Milton Street Residences Abandoned Industrial Buildings 1. Parking in industrial buildings 2. Converted lofts 3. Inserted residential tower OPEN SPACE Open space consists of adjoining public, semi- public, semi-private, and private spaces. All open spaces have a direct sectional 5 1 relationship to the continuous pedestrian corridor 3 located in close proximity to the East River 6 7 4 waterfront, which acts as inter-site circulation, while providing connections to the greater 2 6 Queens / Brooklyn waterfront infrastructure. 7 McCarren Park The public / private nature of the open spaces 7 changes in relation to sectional changes throughout the site. Open space is activated by different programs OPEN SPACE PROGRAM LAYOUT (VERTICAL): (i.e., day care, watersports, restaurants) at Waterfront View Towards Manhattan Neighborhood Park McCarren Park 1. Existing park 5. Terrace space different times of day. Water activities become 2. Open space expansion 6. Retail open space a vital part of the open space. 3. Public open space corridor 7. Continuous promenade 4. Semi-public stairway space INTEGRATED SITE STRATEGY The overlay of the three scales / types of circulation patterns provides for an interlocking of various programmatic elements, allowing for cross-site connectivity at different points. The superimposition proposes a synergistic interweaving of site into the existing urban tissue of the Greenpoint neighborhood by commercial, residential, and open space-oriented means. Ferry Access Live Work Residential Waterfront Promenade
  3. 3. GREENPOINT PLAN SITE MODEL The site model on the right shows the proposed waterfront development for Greenpoint. The highest density residential areas coincide with the commercial nodes on the waterfront to support retail activity. The low density Residential Core Precinct is established by adaptively reusing abandoned industrial buildings in the Greenpoint Terminal Market area. The pedestrian nature of Milton and Noble streets is extended through the precinct with pedestrian pathways, and off-street parking.
  5. 5. RESIDENTIAL CORE TYPICAL BUILDING PLANS LEVEL 5 LEVEL 3 LEVEL 1 The abandoned industrial visitors to the precinct. A series of pedestrian pathways buildings are adaptively reused are cut through the buildings to to support residential and live The roofs of the parking form link the northern and southern work units. two large open communal commercial nodes (at the ends spaces that terrace down of Greenpoint Ave. and Calyer The first four floors of the inner towards the water. These open St.) and the residential buildings core of the buildings are spaces are used for larger to the waterfront. converted to parking. This takes gatherings and social activities. advantage of the dark interior In addition, every unit has spans of the existing buildings access to a private terrace. to facilitate service and deliveries to live work units, Stairways are inserted into the to allow a secondary mode of facade of the buildings to create egress, and to provide ample a semi-public realm overlooking parking for the residents and the steet.
  6. 6. RESIDENTIAL CORE ELEVATIONS The building elevations show how the residential core is directly related to the core between West Street and Manhattan Avenue on Milton and Noble streets. Corrugated metal is incorporated into the original brick facade to indicate new construction. A semi-public realm is established by inserting stairways into the facade of the existing factory buildings. The Milton Street elevations (below) show how institutions (church and daycare) anchor the eastern and western ends of the street. North Elevation 1"=20' West Elevation 1"=20'
  7. 7. RESIDENTIAL CORE SECTIONS The dark interior spans of the abandoned factory buildings are used for parking. Housing lines the perimeter of the building. The parking serves not only the building's occupants, but promenade visitors and other residents in the neighborhood. The sections show how live work apartments in the first three levels of the building have direct access to parking to facilitate deliveries. A courtyard structure rests on top of the parking. The parking lot ventilates between the structure of the building and the parking lot. North Section 1"=20' West Section 1"=20'
  8. 8. RESIDENTIAL CORE UNIT PLANS Dwelling units are built into the existing structure/column grid of the abandoned factory building. LEVEL 6 Each unit facing the interior courtyard has a larger private terrace. Each unit facing the street has a balcony. The balconies are formed by carving into the building to allow more LEVEL 5 light and ventilation possibilities. Dwelling units interlock through the shared plumbing stacks (right). In live-work apartments, one bathroom is removed to LEVEL 4 connect the living to the work space. On the upper floors, bathrooms are repositioned to allow residents of the building to circulate to the communal roof-top courtyard. LEVEL 3 To facilitate deliveries and service by car, live-work apartments are located on garage accessible floors (Levels 1-4). The back door opens out LEVEL 2 to the fire escape hallway and 2 Bedroom Apartment Studio Live-work Studio Live-work 1 Bedroom the garage. Typical Unit Plans 1"=16' LEVEL 1 TYPICAL UNIT STACKING Live-work Unit Private Terrace Studio Communal Open Space 1 Bedroom Parking Bathroom Vertical Circulation