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New york city


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New york city

  1. 1. New York City The Cross World Of Trade By B Lukas History 141 # 71154 Instructor: Dr. M Arguello
  2. 2. New York City <ul><li>New York City also referred to The City of New York is one of the most populous city in the United States and in metropolitan areas in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>New York exerts a significant impact upon global commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment. </li></ul><ul><li>The home of the United Nations Headquarter </li></ul><ul><li>New York is an important center for international affairs and is widely deemed the cultural capital of the world. </li></ul><ul><li>New York is well known to its nearly 50 million annual visitors. </li></ul><ul><li>New York is a global hub of international business and commerce and is one of three &quot;command centers&quot; for the world economy (along with London and Tokyo). </li></ul>
  3. 3. History of New York City <ul><li>In 1524 , it was inhabited by the Lenape Native Americans at the time of its European discovery by Giovanni da Verrazzano, a Florentine explorer in the service of the French crown, who named it &quot;Nouvelle Angoulême“ (New Angoulême) </li></ul><ul><li>In 1614 , European settlement began with the founding of a Dutch fur trading settlement, later called &quot;Nieuw Amsterdam&quot; (New Amsterdam), on the southern tip of Manhattan. Dutch colonial Director-General Peter Minuit purchased the island of Manhattan from the Lenape in 1626 for a value of 60 guilders[63 ] (about $1000 in 2006); a disproved legend says that Manhattan was purchased for $24 worth of glass beads. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>In 1664 , the city was surrendered to the English and renamed &quot;New York&quot; after the English Duke of York and Albany. At the end of the Second Anglo-Dutch War the Dutch gained control of Run (then a much more valuable asset) in exchange for the English controlling New Amsterdam (New York in North America). </li></ul><ul><li>In 1935 New York grew in importance as a trading port while under British rule. The city hosted the influential John Peter Zenger. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1754 , Columbia University was founded under charter by George II of Great Britain as King's College in Lower Manhattan. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1765 , the Stamp Act Congress met in New York in October of 1765 as the Sons of Liberty organized in the city, skirmishing over the next ten years with British troops stationed there. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1776, during the American Revolution, the largest battle of the war, the Battle of Long Island, was fought in August 1776 entirely within the modern day borough of Brooklyn. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>In 1776 , the only attempt at a peaceful solution to the war took place at the Conference House on Staten Island between American delegates including Benjamin Franklin, and British general Lord Howe. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1783 , the war ended. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1785 , the assembly of the Congress of the Confederation made New York the national capital. New York was the last capital of the U.S. under the Articles of Confederation and the first capital under the Constitution of the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1789 , the first President of the United States, George Washington , was inaugurated; the first United States Congress and the Supreme Court of the United States each assembled for the first time, and the United States Bill of Rights was drafted, all at Federal Hall on Wall Street. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1790 , New York had surpassed Philadelphia as the largest city in the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 19th century , the city was transformed by immigration and development. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1920s , New York City was a prime destination for African Americans during the Great Migration from the American South. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>In the 1920s , New York City was a prime destination for African Americans during the Great Migration from the American South. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1916, New York City was home to the largest urban African diasporas in North America. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1920 , New York became the most populous urbanized area in the world overtaking London. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1930 , the first Megacity in Human History. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1950 , the United Nations Headquarters completed emphasized New York's political influence, and the rise of abstract expressionism in the city precipitated New York's displacement of Paris as the center of the art world. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1960s , New York City began to suffer from economic problems and rising crime rates. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1980s, the financial industry greatly improved the city's economic health in the 1980s. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>In the beginning of 1990, New York's crime rate continued a steep uphill climb through the decade. </li></ul><ul><li>By the 1990 , crime rates started to drop dramatically due to increased police presence and gentrification and many American transplants and waves of new immigrants arrived from Asia and Latin America. Important new sectors, such as Silicon Alley, emerged in the city's economy and New York's population reached an all-time high in the 2000 census. </li></ul><ul><li>Sep 11 2001 , the New York City was attack by terrorist, nearly 3000 people died in the destruction of the World Trade Center. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>A new One World Trade Center, a World Trade Center Memorial, and three other office towers are being built on the site and are scheduled for completion by 2014 . The new World Trade Center site skyscrapers, memorial, and a new transportation hub that are under construction at the site will bring about a more modern Lower Manhattan and restore the skyline of New York City. </li></ul>