California part#2


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California part#2

  1. 1. The Fight For Slavery In California by James M. McPherson  History 141 # 71154 Student: B Lukas Instructor: Dr. M Arguello
  2. 2. The Annexation of Texas  <ul><li>1845 After the conquest over Mexico in the Mexican-American war; the annexation of Texas took place. </li></ul><ul><li>Some people debated over whether to expand slavery to the west. </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico was reduced to half its size and the USA increased by a third. </li></ul><ul><li>Many opposed Pennsylvania Congressman David Wilmot’s “Proviso” – ‘any territory acquired from Mexico “neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall ever exist in any part of said territory”‘ </li></ul><ul><li>Disagreements between Abolitionists and others over the morality of slavery, the scope of democracy and the economic merits of free labor versus slave plantations caused the Whig and “Know-Nothing” parties to collapse, and new ones to arise. </li></ul><ul><li>Majority of Confederate soldiers fought to protect slavery , which they viewed as an integral part of southern economy, culture, and manhood. </li></ul>
  3. 3. GOLD RUSH!!! <ul><li>Early 1848 - Gold was discovered in the riverbed on the American River near Sacramento </li></ul><ul><li>December 1848 - Two hundred ounces of pure gold was sent to Washington as proof </li></ul><ul><li>Spring of 1849 – California population boomed due to the discovery of gold </li></ul><ul><li>There is no vocation in the world in which slavery can be more useful and profitable than in mining“ </li></ul><ul><li>California is by nature peculiarly a slave holding State. If it were not for the agitation to exclude slavery, thousands of young, intelligent, active men...would have been in that region, having each carried with them from one to five slaves.“ </li></ul>
  4. 4. Miners <ul><li>By the Spring of 1849 thousands of people were migrating to California in search of Gold. </li></ul><ul><li>People came as far as Chile, China, Mexico, Australia, France, and other parts of the world. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1849 the population of California was as large as Delaware and Florida, existing states. </li></ul><ul><li>The people that arrived to San Francisco and the mining camps needed a form of government. </li></ul><ul><li>They would require courts, land and water laws, mail service, and other institutions. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1849 settlers in California made their own state constitution. </li></ul>A group of the miners 49s that have flocked to California
  5. 5. Affects on California <ul><li>The Southern fear that admission of California as the sixteenth free state would tip the balance of power against slave states in the Senate and set a precedent for additional free states from the Mexican cession giving the Northern/Union the upper hand. </li></ul><ul><li>Democratic Party vs. Chivalry’s Proslavery </li></ul><ul><li>The Chivalry made repeated efforts to infiltrate slavery into California </li></ul><ul><li>1852 Permitted slave owners to “sojourn” indefinitely in California with his human property </li></ul><ul><li>Divided the state in two, with the Southern portion reverting to territorial status and open to slavery like New Mexico and Utah </li></ul><ul><li>Violent and disharmony among California politicians </li></ul><ul><li>David Terry killed David Broderick </li></ul><ul><li>Despite everything, California remained one state and slave free in the end </li></ul>
  6. 6. Resources <ul><li>The New York Review of Books: The Fight For Slavery In California by James M. McPherson </li></ul><ul><li>Google Image Search </li></ul><ul><li>WIKIPEDIA the Free Encyclopedia </li></ul>