Activities And Lessons


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Activities And Lessons

  1. 1. Activities and lessons Valeria Nemi 2 nd Form Teaching Training Course Teacher: Liliana Cretón
  2. 2. Using a coursebook Kinds of lesson Content and classroom procedures Classroom activities Planning Activities and lessons
  3. 3. Planning before the lesson <ul><li>Familiarize yourself with the material and the activity </li></ul><ul><li>Imagine how it will look in class </li></ul><ul><li>Think through any potential problems in the procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Decide how many organizational steps are involved </li></ul><ul><li>How long it will probably take </li></ul><ul><li>What help students might need </li></ul><ul><li>What the teacher’s role will be at each stage </li></ul>
  4. 4. In the lesson <ul><li>Pre-activity: introduce the activity </li></ul><ul><li>Set up the activity: organize the students so that they can do the activity </li></ul><ul><li>Run the activity: allow the students to work on the task without too much interference </li></ul><ul><li>Close the activity: try to sense when the students are ready to move on, or give a time warning </li></ul><ul><li>Post-activity: have feedback session on the activity </li></ul>
  5. 5. Classroom activities <ul><li>A basic skill in teaching EFL is to be able to prepare , set up and run a single classroom activity. </li></ul><ul><li>In order to prepare a classroom activity you will have to: </li></ul><ul><li>Choose to use the material exactly as the printed instructions tell you </li></ul><ul><li>Imagine a variation of the activity to suit your class and its needs </li></ul>
  6. 6. Which of the following activities would it be possible for the exercise? <ul><li>A whole-class discussion of ideas and answers </li></ul><ul><li>Individual written homework </li></ul><ul><li>Students prepare a short dramatic sketch </li></ul>
  7. 7. Content and classroom procedures <ul><li>At the moment of setting an activity, you have to have in mind: </li></ul><ul><li>The language that students will be practising when they do the activity </li></ul><ul><li>The purpose/ purposes of the activity </li></ul><ul><li>The organization of the activity in the class </li></ul><ul><li>The preparations the teacher needs to make </li></ul><ul><li>The special materials that are needed to do the activity </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Content </li></ul><ul><li>What language will the Sts be practising when they do this activity? </li></ul><ul><li>Which is the aim of the activity? </li></ul><ul><li>Classroom procedures </li></ul><ul><li>How can the T organize this activity in class? </li></ul>
  9. 9. True or false? <ul><li>The T demonstrated how to do the activity rather than simply giving instructions. T/F </li></ul><ul><li>The T clearly separated the various steps of the planned activity. T/F </li></ul><ul><li>The T corrected the Sts in some parts of the activity but not in others. T/F </li></ul><ul><li>The T made sure that Sts had some idea about the language they could use before asked them to do the activity. T/F </li></ul><ul><li>The T had thought of one possible problem with the activity and therefore tried to prevent this by giving an additional instruction. T/F </li></ul>
  10. 10. Something to remember <ul><li>Classroom arrangement </li></ul><ul><li>Noisy moments in the class </li></ul><ul><li>Diversions inside the classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Let them work on their own </li></ul>
  11. 11. Kinds of lesson Logical line <ul><li>There is a clear attempt to follow a “logical path” from one activity to the next one </li></ul><ul><li>There is probably one clear overall objective to the whole lesson </li></ul><ul><li>The teacher has predicted possible problems and difficulties and has prepared ways to deal with them when they come up in class. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Kinds of lesson Topic umbrella <ul><li>A topic provides the main focal point for students work </li></ul><ul><li>The activities can often be done in a variety of orders without changing the overall success of the lesson </li></ul><ul><li>There may be a number of aims in the lesson </li></ul>
  13. 13. Kinds of lesson Jungle path <ul><li>It consists of creating the lesson moment by moment in class </li></ul><ul><li>In this lesson, the teacher is working more with the people in the room than with her material or her plan </li></ul><ul><li>The main pre-planning would involve the teacher using her knowledge of the learners and of the available resources to choose some activities </li></ul>
  14. 14. Kinds of lesson Rag-bag <ul><li>This lesson is made up of a number of unconnected activities </li></ul><ul><li>The variety in a lesson may be appealing to students and teachers </li></ul><ul><li>It could be unsatisfactory for a long- term usage </li></ul>
  15. 16. Using a coursebook <ul><li>It could be a good source of exploitable material. </li></ul><ul><li>Coursebooks are written: </li></ul><ul><li>To give less experienced teachers support and guidance and the control of a well-organized syllabus </li></ul><ul><li>To give more experienced teachers material to work from </li></ul>
  16. 17. Using a coursebook as a resource <ul><li>Select </li></ul><ul><li>Reject </li></ul><ul><li>Teach </li></ul><ul><li>Exploit </li></ul><ul><li>Supplement </li></ul>
  17. 18. Sources <ul><li>Learning teaching, Chapter 4: “Activities and lessons”, Jim Scrivener </li></ul><ul><li>The Practice of English Language Teaching, Chapter 4 “Popular methodologies”, Chapter 21 “ Planning Lessons”, Jeremy Harmer </li></ul><ul><li> , Forum: Coursebooks </li></ul><ul><li> , Article: “Teaching without a coursebook” </li></ul>