Report Luisa Vinciguerra Women for Europe Naplel 2008


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Report Luisa Vinciguerra Women for Europe Naplel 2008

  1. 1. Luisa VINCIGUERRA Workshops Coordinator Past President National Council Inner Wheel Italy President Inner Wheel Europe Literary Prize “WOMEN FOR EUROPE - Comparing Ways of Life and National Economic Systems” “DONNE PER L’EUROPA - Vite e Sistemi-Paese a confronto” Napoli, Italy 28th – 30th November 2008Luisa VINCIGUERRAPast President of the Italian National CouncilPresident Literary Prize Inner Wheel EuropeWorkshops CoordinatorGraduate in Pedagogy-Sociology from the Faculty of Teachers Training, University of Turin,teacher in primary schools for many years, she has carried out scientific research at the Chair ofAnthropology of the Faculty of Biological Sciences of the University of Turin, performing studies inthe field of Ergonomy and of Proxemics in School. From 1993 she has been member of the InnerWheel, where she has covered over the years various duties including being President of theNational Council of the Italian Inner Wheel in the year 2005-2006. She founded, in the year 1996,the European Inner Wheel Literary Prize, of which she is President. 29 November WORKSHOPS: FAMILY, JOB, CULTURE AND SOCIETY 1 Napoli, Italy, 28th – 30th November 2008
  2. 2. Luisa VINCIGUERRA Workshops Coordinator Past President National Council Inner Wheel Italy President Inner Wheel Europe Literary Prize EUROPE: AN INTEGRATION PATH BETWEEN DIFFERENT HISTORIES AND CULTURES FOR THE FAMILY, JOB AND SOCIETY WORKSHOP PRESENTATIONINTRODUCTIONA uthorities and Guests,I join with due respect the greetings which the President of the Club, Maria Iracegave to the Experts and Authorities, to the illustrious Guests, to all those involved thismorning at the beginning of the Conference. A Conference of great interest, focusingon three big topics: Europe - Women - the Inner Wheel. A Conference which will havea "sequel", in the afternoon, in the three Workshops which I will now introduce.I permit myself, however, in the opening, to make a first acknowledgement, in thePerson of the President, Maria Irace, to the Naples Club of Luisa Bruni, as well as to allthose worthy members of the committee, first Promoter and then Organizer - amongstwhich I would like to quote the Past District Chairman, Maria Luisa Cangiano, jointauthor with President Maria Irace of the initiative (but certainly, recognition must begiven to Dr. Enzo Giustino, a committed European, author of the interesting articlededicated to the Convention and published this week by the Corriere, ever close tothe many cultural initiatives of the Club), who called me to participate in this wonderfulproject, trusting the coordination of the Workshops to me.I also permit myself to underline how it is the first time in which an Italian Inner WheelClub has organized not only an international Conference which is widely attended byso many Inner Wheel Authorities (amongst which, in first place, the same President ofthe Inner Wheel, Suzanne Hem Nielsen, who we have appreciated as authoritativeRelator) and members of many European Countries, but also we have undertaken theobjective of involving operatively in the afternoon sessions of the Workshops, our InnerWheels.Women who live in Europe,Women who work in Europe,Women who are at the centre of their Family,Women who have followed the Inner Wheel with enthusiasm, participation anddedication,Women of culture, who know how to give the IW, on a daily basis their time, theircompetence.Women who testify to the values of service, friendship and international WORKSHOPS: FAMILY, JOB, CULTURE AND SOCIETY 2 Napoli, Italy, 28th – 30th November 2008
  3. 3. Luisa VINCIGUERRA Workshops Coordinator Past President National Council Inner Wheel Italy President Inner Wheel Europe Literary Prizeunderstanding,Women who have been and who are certainly "actresses" of the construction of the"identity of the European woman", each in her own country,Women who know how to develop and harmonize all these roles "to make thedifference",Women who are an authentic resource.PATH - INTEGRATION - HISTORIES - CULTURESAccepting all this, entering into the spirit of my contribution, I can affirm that minewishes to be an intervention in order to connect various authoritative relations whichhave just been expressed, and coming from very different "female" culturalbackgrounds - Inner Wheel Associationism, the world of Academy, the world ofbusiness - and a series of brief communications (papers) destined to help Inner WheelAssociates express themselves within three different Workshops concerning aspectrum of themes that interest being a Woman in Europe in 2008 and the role thatthe Inner Wheel has or can assume in the construction of the European Woman.An intervention of connection where, in presenting the Workshops, I wish to anticipateand touch a series of points, which in the afternoon will be the object of reflection andbroad treatment.First of all, a short reference to the title which was given to me and which acts as aframework to my presentation. The title is as emblematic as ever - suggested by themayor of the city of Naples, Mrs Rosa Russo Jervolino - in which, before introducing thethree big macro themes identified by us to reflect on together, we focus attention onthe key words such as: path - integration - histories - cultures.The studies carried out in this field are notable and complex (European CulturalStudies). It is not my responsibility to repeat it. I only wish to underline one concept,that linked to the certainty which the consciousness of being European can beconceived only as an open identity, fruit of the histories of diverse peoples, andtherefore constructed as a dialogue between cultures, both internal and external tothe continent. The multiplicity of Europes ancient and modern roots are presented as asource of cultural wealth for future generations. But these histories and cultures areintegrated within an idea shared by juridical and social citizenship. The training of theEuropean Citizen is fundamental in order to construct Europe, in this context enters,obviously, everything which is linked to the training of the European Woman.A second point which I want to emphasise as Woman of the Inner Wheel is that whichleads me to the report by our International President Suzanne Hem Nielsen, who statesthat: 1. We are an organization of women 2. We have a specific interest in women’s life conditions. 3. The needs, the problems and the life conditions in Europe are very different from WORKSHOPS: FAMILY, JOB, CULTURE AND SOCIETY 3 Napoli, Italy, 28th – 30th November 2008
  4. 4. Luisa VINCIGUERRA Workshops Coordinator Past President National Council Inner Wheel Italy President Inner Wheel Europe Literary Prize those in the so called “third world” but still life conditions are not as good as we expect them to be in the European Union.The role of the Inner Wheel in Europe can unfold, then, in various directions both toguarantee a better quality of life and to ensure equal opportunity, removingdiscrimination and promoting the development of a culture of solidarity andparticipation, with an ethical conscience which increases awareness of the necessityof interacting and participating in the real individual needs of the different countries.For many of us, being associated with the Inner Wheel represents a vital instrumentthrough which we express a strong sense of belonging in order to realize not only thestaturary aims but also to demonstrate an active interest for society in general.Specifically, to help and satisfy needs, resolve problems, and to improve the lifeconditions also of the women of the European Union.Another point to which I would like to attract your attention is the link - stronger in myopinion than is perceived in the Clubs - of the Inner Wheel with UN. As well asemphasising the relationship of collaboration between the EU and UN, Women andChildren are always themes which are especially dear to us Inner Wheel members.The Inner Wheel is an NGO, inserted in the ECOSOC Roster. As is noted, theInternational Inner Wheel has six Representatives at the UN (in Vienna, Geneva, NewYork) coordinated by the International Vice President.In this way, the Commission on the Status of Women (hereafter referred to as “CSW” or“the Commission”) is a functional commission of the United Nations Economic andSocial Council (ECOSOC), dedicated exclusively to gender equality andadvancement of women. It is the principal global policy-making body. Every year,representatives of Member States gather at United Nations Headquarters in New Yorkto evaluate progress on gender equality, identify challenges, set global standards andformulate concrete policies to promote gender equality and advancement of womenworldwide.On the occasion of United Nations Day, and in light of the growing partnershipbetween the United Nations and the European Union, the European Commission (EC)has made available the third annual report on the extensive cooperation between theEuropean Commission and UN, entitled “IMPROVING LIVES”. Special emphasis this yearhas been allocated to EC-UN cooperation in upholding human rights, in honor of the60th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It also presents the othervital areas where the EC and the UN work together to make a difference: fromdevelopment policy and peace-building, to humanitarian assistance, environment,culture, through the world.Equality between women and men is one of the fundamental principles of Communitylaw. The European Union’s (EU) objectives on gender equality are to ensure equalopportunities and equal treatment for men and women and to combat any form ofdiscrimination on the grounds of gender. The EU has adopted a two-prongedapproach to this issue, combining specific measures with gender mainstreaming. Theissue also has a strong international dimension with regard to the fight against poverty,access to education and health services, taking part in the economy and in the WORKSHOPS: FAMILY, JOB, CULTURE AND SOCIETY 4 Napoli, Italy, 28th – 30th November 2008
  5. 5. Luisa VINCIGUERRA Workshops Coordinator Past President National Council Inner Wheel Italy President Inner Wheel Europe Literary Prizedecision-making process, womens rights and human rights.Again on the Inner Wheel, in order to reflect on the extent and implications of theTheme chosen by the President of the International Inner Wheel, Suzanne HemNielsen: Realise your visions and make a difference.Such a Theme poses, as observed yesterday by our National Representative VeraAmici, “in the mould of the recent past: from ‘Communicate our vision to Realise yourvisions. From communication to realization, to concreteness, to putting into practice".The term vision, in my opinion, also encompasses the prospects over future scenarios,reflecting ideals, values, expectations, and inspiring action… Vision is then necessarilylinked to the IW mission, that is IW’s ultimate aim and essential raison dêtre, whiledistinguishing IW from all the other Associations.Vision, mission and values hold a communicational function for the Association,strengthen its identity and the identification of each member, promote theharmonizing of single members’ and IW’s values and aims.President Nielsen spurs us, however, this year to realize our "visions". We must note theplural of the term, almost as if to underline how the passage from communication torealization carries a responsible commitment and awareness in diverse environments ofintervention to serve, experience friendship and international understanding.Idealism and pragmatism. Communication and putting things into practice.Diversification.Wrote Joel Barker in "The Power of Vision".“Vision without action is a dream. Action without vision is simply passing the time.Action with vision is making a positive difference. Vision with action can change theworld.The Power of Vision demonstrates that having a positive vision of the future is the mostforceful motivator for change-for success-that companies, schools, communities,nations, and individuals possess.Unforgettable and moving, The Power of Vision will inspire the people in yourorganization to think together, dream together, and act together to make adifference.Having a positive vision of the future is what gives meaning to our present life”.Associations like the Inner Wheel have been promoting for years international contactsand understanding between peoples, they can actively take an interest in the role ofWomen in the construction of the European identity. Through a positive vision ofWomen in Europe, the Inner Wheel can contribute to the well being and developmentof our societies as well as our different cultures, even in function of the process ofEuropean integration. From vision to action: realizable commitment, taking account of WORKSHOPS: FAMILY, JOB, CULTURE AND SOCIETY 5 Napoli, Italy, 28th – 30th November 2008
  6. 6. Luisa VINCIGUERRA Workshops Coordinator Past President National Council Inner Wheel Italy President Inner Wheel Europe Literary Prizethe Inner Wheel experience, of its philosophy. as well as its notable diffusion in Europe.THE WORKSHOPSLets now enter into the practicalities of the Workshops.Aware of the importance of the contribution of Women to the definition of newmodels of relationships between families, culture and society and aware of the rolewhich in this definition can be assumed also by the Associazioni Femminili NonGovernative (Female Non-Governamental Organizations), including the Inner Wheel,the Workshops intend to be an open qualified space for Associates to tell ofexperiences and situations relating to their own countries, as well as debating anddeepening in a key interdisciplinary way such themes.Aim: promoting debate and participation by actively involving European IW Membersin an ‘interactive’ knowledge of the following issues: 1. Europe: women’s contribution to the definition of new relational models in family, job, culture and society. 2. Inner Wheel: the role played by women’s NGOs, such as Inner Wheel, within this model definition.3 hours, the length3 macro themes3 sub-themes for each macro theme3 Inner Wheel Group LeadersLength: 3 hours. The time reserved for Workshops goes from 15.00 to 18.00Macro-themes: FAMILY, JOB, CULTURE AND SOCIETY.The Leaders:Workshop 1 FAMILYDirector: Lia GiorginoProfessor at the Department of Educational Science University of BariImmediate Past Chairman – District No. 210Workshop 2 JOBDirector: Hannele KarhunenSenior Lecturer, Quality Coordinator, M. Ed./ B. Econ.Laurea University of Applied SciencesNational RepresentativeWorkshop 3 CULTURE AND SOCIETYDirector: Hildegund Scheipermeier WORKSHOPS: FAMILY, JOB, CULTURE AND SOCIETY 6 Napoli, Italy, 28th – 30th November 2008
  7. 7. Luisa VINCIGUERRA Workshops Coordinator Past President National Council Inner Wheel Italy President Inner Wheel Europe Literary Prize Doctor in Orthodontics Past National Representative and Past President of the German National Council In each Workshop the discussion will be developed starting from the three specific topics chosen, so as to allow an integrated analysis of possible responses to the general issues. 1) FAMILY I. Family as an educating community; II. Family and gender relations: from equality to difference; III. Promotion of difference: reciprocity and care for the others. 2) JOB I. Equal opportunities for Men and Women with regard to access to employment, professional training and career development; II. Equal participation in decision-making processes; III. Women’s role in science research. 3) CULTURE & SOCIETY I. Female roles and ‘contemporary society’ in Europe; II. Women’s contribution to the cultural identity; III. Women, Culture, Society: the European Union commitment.FAMILYThe chapter on the Family, subject of Workshop no.1 led by Lia Giorgino (Italy) is certainlya fundamental chapter, in which both the "value" themes linked to the traditional notionof family are dealt with, and also “role” themes linked to the profound changes ofcustoms and society, which have put such notions in a state of crisis and have inducedthe European legislator, strong with new powers given to it by the birth of the EU, tointervene in a more systematic manner in the field of family rights, in order to make thisinstitution as similar as possible within the EU.The traditional family no longer appears as an exclusive model, and alongside it we find agreat variety of family models. The current typologies of family composition openscenarios which radically modify the concept of natural nuclear family organised on thetraditional model. The new and different family forms put into the field a whole series ofdiscontinuity with the past which hinge on the non coincidence between parenthoodand the married state (the parental function can be exercised in the absence of themarried relationship); on the non overlap between nuclear families and family (familiescan be based on different interconnected nuclear families :enlarged and reconstitutedfamilies); on the dissimilarity between family culture and the culture of the socialcommunity which one belongs to (families composed of mixed couples); on the nonconsequentiality between biological parenthood and universal affection (family homes;communities for minors); on the non coincidence between family roles and gender roles(families composed of homosexual couples). WORKSHOPS: FAMILY, JOB, CULTURE AND SOCIETY 7 Napoli, Italy, 28th – 30th November 2008
  8. 8. Luisa VINCIGUERRA Workshops Coordinator Past President National Council Inner Wheel Italy President Inner Wheel Europe Literary PrizeThe European debate on the different family forms has influenced, and influencesnecessarily the family policies both in the context of the right of the family, and themodifications of the European models of welfare.On the other hand the same European citizens request greater attention by the EU toguarantee legal clarity and certainty on the norms concerning the right of the family, suchas divorces, the care of minors and inheritances, taking account that liberty of circulationpermits European citizens, as has never happened in the past, to travel, work and studyfreely within the European Union: as a consequence, very often new couples and familiesfrom citizens of diverse member states are born, who can also decide to transfer toanother member state.Additionally as well as transformations of the family forms and new models of parenthood(the minimum family, new families), there are other important realities present, linked tothe dynamics of migration.Article 8 of the Convention, with the notions of “private life" and "family life", has permittedthe protection of family relationships until a short while ago not susceptible to anyprotection.Also the conciliation of working life and family life (which we will refind in the chapter on“Work”) is at the centre of important social changes, which interest work organizations,demographic models, the restructuring of social protection, the division of assistanceduties and custody of people in the charge of women and men and the provision ofservices from the public, private and service sector.If we look at social services provision for families and children in Europe, we count aEuropean average of 8%, with countries which exceed this such as Ireland (14.7%),Denmark (13.1%), Germany (11.1%) and France (8.6%), while Italy, unfortunately, is only at4.5%.The Commission “Promote solidarity between generations”, has welcomed favourably inMay 2007 the initiative of a European Alliance for the Family (proposed by Germany),aimed at providing a platform for the exchange of knowledge and experience on thepolicies favourable to families and on good practice of the member states, aimed atreplying to the challenges raised by demographic changes. On the occasion of the ThirdDemographic Forum planned for 2010, the Commission will present a report on therealization which as been completed in the context of the Alliance.The challenges connected to demographic changes are worrying, in fact just as much forthe member states as the European Union. These plans to strengthen the intergenerationalsolidarity and improve possibilities for citizens to realize their family projects. The memberstates have exclusive responsibility in family policy matters; however the EU carries out animportant role concerning modernization and the success of such policies, especially onthe basis of the Lisbon strategy for growth and employment. In fact this latter underlinesthe importance of female employment and the importance of equality between womenand men, proposing furthermore conciliation between professional life and family life, ashas been mentioned already.The European Council of 13 and 14 March has among other things underlined that the WORKSHOPS: FAMILY, JOB, CULTURE AND SOCIETY 8 Napoli, Italy, 28th – 30th November 2008
  9. 9. Luisa VINCIGUERRA Workshops Coordinator Past President National Council Inner Wheel Italy President Inner Wheel Europe Literary PrizeEuropean Alliance for the Family could contribute to the reaching of the objectives ofconciliating professional life with private life for women and men, of reducing substantiallythe retributive differentials between the sexes and of activating the European pact for theequality of the sexes.JOBAlso the chapter on JOB, the subject of Workshop no. 2 led by Hannele Karhunen(Finland) is of great topical interest. The role of women is changing. Next to the traditionalfamily duties their presence in the world of work has grown and their weight in thedecision-making processes has increased. This revolution has a world character: itreaches also the most traditional societies, as the United Nations witnesses in their lastreport on the Millennium Development Goals, the objectives of global progress up to2015. A change which influences the labour market, slow, but in a generalized way. Thequota of women increases in the overall total of workers in the non agricultural activities.Also the presence of women in decision-making processes increases, considered not onlya global objective, but an essential requisite for the success of any development policy.We continue to talk about the so-called “glass ceilings” which limit the assumption ofresponsible positions for women, especially in the big companies. We can note, however,the first, timid signals of “success” which in many parts of the world carry women to thepeak in almost every sector. It is a phenomenon which we meet with ever greaterintensity in public administration, in non-profit making organization and in thousands ofsmall productive initiatives: a success which often escapes from official revelations. Itdoes not eliminate the problem, but it is an encouraging element.The “change of pace” in government actions has represented a great novelty over thepast few years. In many countries it has passed from policies aimed at a genderconsidered weaker and disadvantaged to actions which are considered essential foreconomic growth. The term “womenomics” has become widespread to indicateattention of economics research to the growing role of women outside of the family inthe creation of well being, with positive repercussions on the demographic situation, butalso on the pursuit of family and individual objectives about the quality of life.The European Union has become conscious of the fact that all these elements areabsolutely correlated between themselves and exclude a static and separate definitionof the problems. Europe places the objective of raising female employment as a motor ofdevelopment, but underlines at the same time that the interventions in favour ofemployment are to be connected and qualified in the network with those for the family,for social services, for the conciliation of life and work rhythms, for a “positive” flexibility,for a greater presence of women at the decision-making level. These interventions mustbe therefore able to hold together plans which so far have been separated.RAISE, EQUIP, INCLUDE WORKSHOPS: FAMILY, JOB, CULTURE AND SOCIETY 9 Napoli, Italy, 28th – 30th November 2008
  10. 10. Luisa VINCIGUERRA Workshops Coordinator Past President National Council Inner Wheel Italy President Inner Wheel Europe Literary PrizeWe are experiencing a change of pace in policies in favour of women. And this changeof pace means, essentially, raising female employment, equipping the starting conditionsin society between men and women, including the female dimension in a newintergenerational pact.The “change of pace” is needed also to take into account current orientations inEuropean policy: the EU considers of fundamental importance the affirmation and thedevelopment of gender and equal opportunity policies as essential instruments for thegrowth, prosperity and competitivity. It is underlined, in particular, the transversality of theactions connected to it and the necessary attention to the gender dimension, to thepromotion of the feminine role in the world of work. A true cultural evolution that placesmen and women on a level of effective working, but also family equality, will havepositive effects in the economic field, on the conditions of work, on choices as parents.Equality between women and men is a fundamental right, a common EU value and anecessary condition for the pursuit of community growth, employment and socialcohesion objectives (article 2 of the Treaty which institutes the European Community).THE ROADMAPThe roadmap defines some existing areas and proposes other completely new areas ofaction. A total of six priority areas have been selected. 1 equal economic independence for women and men 2 reconciliation of private and professional life 3 equal representation in decision-making 4 eradication of all forms of gender-based violence 5 elimination of gender stereotypes 6 promotion of gender equality in external and development policies.Considering the roadmap the European Council of 23 and 24 March has adopted aEuropean pact for gender equality, with the objective of encouraging action at the levelof member states and European Union members in the fiels identified.WOMEN AND SCIENCEThe themes of gender equality have taken on a central role in the debate betweeninstitutions, social groups and the world of production, and in all the environments of socialand professional life. Scientific research is no exception, and its problems are similar tothose observed in the other professional sectors.In the past few years the major international organizations, starting from the United Nationsand the European Commission, have recognized the extreme importance of reaching WORKSHOPS: FAMILY, JOB, CULTURE AND SOCIETY 10 Napoli, Italy, 28th – 30th November 2008
  11. 11. Luisa VINCIGUERRA Workshops Coordinator Past President National Council Inner Wheel Italy President Inner Wheel Europe Literary Prizegender equality in the scientific-technological sector.In the European context numerous initiatives and specific programmes have beenpromoted, which have supplied the first evident results. Based on data supplied by theEuropean Commission, in fact, the number of scientifically-qualified women is increasingand women represent today almost 50% of the human resources of the whole scientificsector, showing ability and competences often superior to those of male colleagues.Notwithstanding this, the objective of real gender equality is still far off, in so much asresearchers find themselves affronting the same problems which afflict most of the otherprofessional sectors.The recent RESOLUTION (in 30 points) of the EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT of 21 May specificallyon WOMEN AND SCIENCE is important.In it is revealed how there is an excessively high percentage of women who abandon thescientific career over the years. Such a phenomenon, which has often been describedwith the model “leaking pipe”, must be analyzed, according to the Resolution, on thebasis of different models, amongst which that of “factors of attraction and expulsion”.Moreover the competent authorities are invited to take into account, in proposingsolutions, different factors, such as the work environment, professional stereotypes,competition, mobility requirements and family responsibilities.CULTURE & SOCIETY3 chapter, Workshop N° 3 on Culture and Society, led by Hildegund Scheipermeier(Germany). This is a complex chapter, perhaps the most vast for contents andimplications.“Forget asking what is the contribution of women to the European cultural identity.Women are European cultural identity!” affirmed the Danish journalist Janne Teller.Statement reported by journalist Paolo Casella in the article “The EU speaks in the femininevoice, and it is a river in flood”, summary of the Convention “Europe Feminine Plural”.(Rome, 6 march 2008).A strong affirmation, extremely demanding. In this Workshop, starting from the currentdebate about the complexity of cultural processes and on the impact which culture hason daily life, one would like to carry out an analysis on the contribution of women in theformation of culture and in the diffusion of human values, to better promote what it bringsin various dimensions: social, political literary and artistic. One would like, therefore to try todeepen the feminine specific character in the formation of culture and in currentchallenges which society presents.The current Cultural programme of the EU, which covers the period 2007 - 2008, hasimportant specific objectives which are those of:1.Improving knowledge about diffusion of culture.2. Protect and promote cultural and linguistic diversity.3.Conserve and protect the cultural heritage, cultural exchanges and the artistic creation. WORKSHOPS: FAMILY, JOB, CULTURE AND SOCIETY 11 Napoli, Italy, 28th – 30th November 2008
  12. 12. Luisa VINCIGUERRA Workshops Coordinator Past President National Council Inner Wheel Italy President Inner Wheel Europe Literary Prize4.Sensitize citizens to the importance of cultural assets of European importance andpromote their conservation.5. Incentivate the transnational mobility of workers in the cultural sector.6. Encourage the transnational circulation of works of art and cultural and artistic items.7. Stimulate intercultural dialogue.Europe is becoming more culturally diverse. The enlargement of the European Union, thederegulation of laws on employment and globalization have contributed to the growthof multiculturalism in many countries, with the result of increasing the number oflanguages, religions and ethnic and cultural traditions present in the continent. As aconsequence, also intercultural dialogue plays an ever more important role inencouraging European citizenship and identity. This year is the European Year ofIntercultural Dialogue 2008. One recognizes the fact that the great cultural diversity ofEurope represents a unique advantage, in so much as it encourages all those who live inEurope to explore the benefits of our rich cultural heritage, as well as the opportunities tolearn different cultural traditions.Inside Culture then enters also part the European Union policy in the field of education:the policy of audiovision and cultural and educational aspects of the informationsociety; the policy of youth and the development of a sports and recreational activitypolicy; the information and media policy; cooperation between third world countries incultural and educational sectors and relations with relevant organizations andinternational institutions.Certainly, to go back to the theme of the Workshop, it will be interesting to examine thespecific feminine characteristics in the formation of culture and in the realization of theprogrammes objectives, through routes leading to:1. Knowing how and why woman becomes creator of culture and how her influence onculture has become more decisive today, also in Europe.2. Analyzing how the feminine is present in diverse cultural expressions.3. Evaluating the importance of the contribution to society of the “feminine genius” as anessential premise for a growing presence of women in social, economic and political lifeat the European level.In this sector we locate the NEW SOCIAL AGENDA FOR EUROPE, because a winningEurope is one in which citizens enjoy not only liberty of movement, advantages of theinside market and a favourable competition for consumers. It is also a Europe made ofsocial equality, solidarity and an adequate level of health. Its Parliament is aware thatfor some time we have been fighting for the affirmation of these principles.The renewed social agenda is based on three linked objectives, of equal importance:  1Creating opportunity: creating opportunity means producing more and better work and facilitating mobility.  2 Giving access: because the starting points in life are very different, ensuring equal opportunity means better access for disadvantaged people. All citizens must have access to a good quality education, to social protection, to health care and services which can contribute to compensate the starting point inequalities and which permit everyone to enjoy a longer and healthier life. WORKSHOPS: FAMILY, JOB, CULTURE AND SOCIETY 12 Napoli, Italy, 28th – 30th November 2008
  13. 13. Luisa VINCIGUERRA Workshops Coordinator Past President National Council Inner Wheel Italy President Inner Wheel Europe Literary Prize  3 Demonstrating solidarity: Europeans share the commitment to social solidarity, between generations, regions, between those who are the most and least active, between the more prosperous and less prosperous State members. True equal opportunity depends on access and on solidarity. Solidarity means acting to help those who are disadvantaged and who cannot enjoy the benefits of an open society which is changing rapidly. It means stimulating inclusion and support to those exposed to temporary problems, transitory caused by technological changes.OPPORTUNITY, ACCESS AND SOLIDARITYCreating opportunity presupposes a permanent commitment to the creation of work ofbetter quality and to increasing well being. It means eliminating barriers, facilitatingmobility, fighting discrimination, promoting equality between women and men,sustaining families and tackling new forms of social exclusion. To exploit opportunitiespeople must have access to education, health care, to special social services. Theymust be able to participate actively in the society in which they live and to integrateinto it. People and regions which are unable to follow the rapid rhythm of changes mustbe helped. For this renewed social agenda the idea of solidarity is inspiring and leads tomore incisive action for fighting poverty and social exclusion and new ways for helpingpeople to adapt themselves to globalization and to technological changes. To do thisthe EU must innovate: in the way in which the lines of its action are defined, in itslegislation, in the instruments which permit the diffusion of the best practices andpromote the development of new approaches.This agenda cannot be limited to traditional questions of social policy; it must betransversal and multidimensional, extending to a broad range of sectors, from workmarket policies to education, to health, to immigration and to intercultural dialogue.The reality is that economic and social policies at European and national levelreinforce each other reciprocally and are complementary. This renewed social agendais therefore fully coherent with the strategy of Lisbon for growth and employment andconsolidates it.CONCLUSIONSMoving towards the conclusion of my intervention, I can affirm with satisfaction that theenrolments to the Workshops have reached the maximum number foreseen andadvised for the performance of effective work.As well as the precious and exhaustive Report-Guides drawn up by the Organizers, 26papers have been submitted equally distributed in macro-themes and sub-themes, atestimony to the interest generated in the participants.Tomorrow morning I will prepare with great joy a brief report on the total progress of theWorkshops and on instances that will emerge today in their field. WORKSHOPS: FAMILY, JOB, CULTURE AND SOCIETY 13 Napoli, Italy, 28th – 30th November 2008
  14. 14. Luisa VINCIGUERRA Workshops Coordinator Past President National Council Inner Wheel Italy President Inner Wheel Europe Literary Prize I leave you dedicating a grateful and affectionate thought to Maria Luisa Cangiano, absent today for health reasons, because what happens today in this prestigious room is also thanks to her, having been coauthor of a project, as beautiful as it is important, that President Maria Irace, shared with distinction by all the Clubs, has welcomed and shared with sensitivity and an exceptional intelligence. Maria Luisa - as a member who is not from this District says - is a resource of our Inner Wheel, for her authoritative presence, her clear and unshakeable faith in the Association, the preparation based on years of continuous and active effort, the availability for advice and disinterested help, offered always in the name of friendship and love equally for the Club, for the District, for the Inner Wheel. Thank you for your attention and goodbye to those who will participate in the Workshops and in the final session tomorrow. Thank you once again!Luisa Vinciguerra: RapporteurIt is surprising that when we stop and consider how our life unfolds passing from one groupto another. Our family, colleagues, collaborators, the Club. We take part in meetings, wemeet friends. At a close look, often, the time we pass alone is spent preparing ourencounters with others.In group life, in particular, we speak now almost always in the plural, continuously referringto one of us. This is how much the Inner Wheel has entered into our lives.With the introduction of the Workshop instrument in the context of the International InnerWheel we have wanted to start, even if in an experimental form, a new cultural season setout to actively involve Inner Wheel associates to reflect and work on themselves both aswomen and associates of an important female organization, in a rigorous structure fromthe methodological perspective, and with the intent of gathering ideas, data, usefulexperiences to factually participate in their territory.All of us who have participated in the Conference WOMEN FOR EUROPE and in the three WORKSHOPS: FAMILY, JOB, CULTURE AND SOCIETY 14 Napoli, Italy, 28th – 30th November 2008
  15. 15. Luisa VINCIGUERRA Workshops Coordinator Past President National Council Inner Wheel Italy President Inner Wheel Europe Literary Prizeworkshops connected with it, this project promoted by the Naples Club of Luisa Bruni andwith the presence of so many authoritative representatives, are aware today that theresult of this project is measured especially with the "hindsight measure" and the continuityof the action.The transition towards the new is always complex. The following evaluations refer to twofronts that continuously recall each other: the method, the contents.FROM THE PROJECT PHASE TO THE EXECUTIVE PHASEThe Project (Conference + Workshop), as noted, wanted to promote a balancedcomparison on Women in Europe. And it has dedicated the day of 29 November toreflection and to study of themes strictly related to the contemporary European Woman,not only formulating diverse elements of debate which have highlighted the importanceand the peculiarity of the role and of the ideas coming from precious Inner Wheelintellectual female sources, but having also as a primary objective to identify, underline,work on the role of the Inner Wheel as a service Association.Such comparison utilises both the precious thought of the main reporters who participatedin the plenary sessions, and that of the numerous Inner Wheel members involved in theWorkshops.Lets take a brief look backwards.When, now a year ago since the Luisa Bruni Naples Club entrusted me with thecoordination of the Workshops (I like to remind those present that every decision hasalways been shared and agreed with the component elements of the WorkshopCommission formed by Maria Luisa Cangiano and Giulia De Luca, as well as naturally thePresident of the Club Maria Irace), we were worried, above all, about identifying thethemes sub-dividing them into macro-themes and sub-themes, taking account that therewere three subjects Woman - Europe - Inner Wheel.Macro themes and sub themes are now more than ever known.Because the primary objective was to produce interactive knowledge (I wish to underlinethis) involving operationally European Inner Wheel members on identified themes (Family,Work, Culture and Society) and on the role of the Inner Wheel, we were worried aboutconstructing a formula which on one hand would be functional to the arguments whichwe wanted to deal with, and on the other be enjoyed and shared by the Inner Wheelwhich had wanted to establish itself with a written paper and intervene in the Workshopspace which had been reserved for it.As known, amongst the Workshop typologies we distinguish those "on invitation" from thosethat are "call for papers".After a deeper analysis we thought of a mediation, deciding to invite three notableLeaders to whom was trusted a Report-Guide; we also thought of proposing by means of WORKSHOPS: FAMILY, JOB, CULTURE AND SOCIETY 15 Napoli, Italy, 28th – 30th November 2008
  16. 16. Luisa VINCIGUERRA Workshops Coordinator Past President National Council Inner Wheel Italy President Inner Wheel Europe Literary Prizea suitable informative note (attached to the Programme) the Workshop participation bymeans of a paper, advising - and not requiring - sending it out in advance.The choice of Group Leader was the subsequent step. A Conference of such broadinternational reach brought an equally international choice of Group Leaders of the InnerWheel Workshops.From here came the decision to entrust to: 1. The Workshop on THE FAMILY to Lia Giorgino (Italy), Immediate Past Chairman of District 210 for an evident reason. Lia Giorgino was the Chairman 20072008 under whose mandate the project of the Luisa Bruni Naples Club started. Lia Giorgino has not just always been a good friend. She is a precious resource of our Inner Wheel in Italy, a figure that encompasses moral and professional qualities which are uncommon. 1. The Workshop on JOB to Hannele Karhunen (Finland), National Representative and President of the National Council. 2. The Workshop on CULTURE AND SOCIETY to Hildegund Scheipermeier (Germany), Past National Representative and Past President of the National Council.Certainly the request to Hannele and Hildegunds friends was facilitated, thanks to mycommitment noted at the opening of the Inner Wheel in Europe, which enabled me tomeet personally first Hildegund Scheipermeier in Tours in September 2007, during the firstjoint European meeting organized by Catherine Refabert, present here, at the side of theRallye Charlemagne; then, Hannele Karhunen last September in Cologne during thesecond joint European reunion organized by Hildegund Scheipermeier.Contacts with the leaders Hildegund and Hannele (as well as a specific moment ofmeeting in Cologne) were constantly maintained alive through a series of five successiveInformative Notes and Documents, specifically taken from the official website of theEuropean Union and participated in by them, with the aim of supplying updatedinformation, and guidelines which were helpful in this task. Finally we proceeded to thesending to the Leaders papers which gradually had arrived so that they could know thecontent in advance.We had estimated 25 as the maximum optimum number of participants in eachWorkshop. How it "incredibly" happened.The papers have been 27, a number larger than imagined, distributed as follows:  Family, papers n. 7  Job, papers n. 12  Culture & Society, papers n. 8The efficient Commission entrusted by the Organization with the workshops (composed ofMaria Luisa Cangiano, Giulia De Luca, Anna Maria Falconio, Raffaella DAuria, RosalbaCerqua, and the President of the Club Maria Irace), which I wish to thank even in thissetting for the care and attention with which it has followed each phase of this innovative WORKSHOPS: FAMILY, JOB, CULTURE AND SOCIETY 16 Napoli, Italy, 28th – 30th November 2008
  17. 17. Luisa VINCIGUERRA Workshops Coordinator Past President National Council Inner Wheel Italy President Inner Wheel Europe Literary Prizeexperience, has prepared for each IW Member enlisted in a Workshop a personalportfolio, containing the following papers:  Curriculum of Workshop/Group Leader  Curriculum of Workshop/Group Leader  List of the papers  List of Workshop participants  Guiding essay by the Workshop/Group Leader  Informative note on the Workshops cared by the Coordinator  Official Documents coming form the EU in harmony with the theme of the WorkshopSOME EVALUATIONSI briefly revealed the formative and organizational "trajectory" in order to makeunderstood the complex work required in a new project, and even if it was started by theLuisa Bruni Naples Club, it certainly honours the whole Italian Inner Wheel with its reflection.The initiatives first success was due certainly to the presence of Suzanne Hem Nielsen,whom I also thank, in the double role of President of the International Inner Wheel andReporter. Her presence in itself guaranteed this meeting!The second success is indicated by numbers:  13 Countries  270 the total number of enrolments  200 enrolments to the Conference  75 enrolments to the Workshops  27 papers presented to the WorkshopsOther indications of success however are considered. In our opinion, special attention isgiven to the success of the contents, without doubt the most important, for the Projectscultural implications and its possible subsequent developments; the interests of the InnerWheel Members in working in groups and comparing themselves; the desire to contributeto a future reality which is ever more mature and aware of our Association; the enthusiasmdemonstrated in the interest in new international relationships and new friendship ties.This is what the scope of the Workshops needed and had to be. This scope was widelydemonstrated and documented.I wish to remind that the directing strategy was left to each Group Leader who evaluated,on the basis of the composition of her group, the work method proposed, we wouldadvise to give the discussion taking into account that at least 1/3 of the time of theworkshop was dedicated, according to what was agreed beforehand, to discussions. Thiswas because in conducting processes based on participative methods, the technique isnot essential, that is there is no method of managing a workshop which is always valid, WORKSHOPS: FAMILY, JOB, CULTURE AND SOCIETY 17 Napoli, Italy, 28th – 30th November 2008
  18. 18. Luisa VINCIGUERRA Workshops Coordinator Past President National Council Inner Wheel Italy President Inner Wheel Europe Literary Prizeneither is it possible to hold onto any particular tool which guarantees a successfuloutcome.The work method in the workshops was justly different, because each Group Leaderreceived information but worked autonomously with her group. The result is that everyWorkshop has matured its specific identity. The global quality of the initiative, is thusdetermined also and because of the wealth of methods and diverse contents offered inthe discussion.It must be observed that the Papers have been more numerous than planned. By decisionof the Committee it has been decreed that all of them will be accepted, because it hasbeen extremely positive that the Inner Wheel associates have been pleased by the ideaof sharing in an interactive way the themes of the Convention. The time dedicated to theWorkshops has proved to be quite restricted, with a certain penalisation, in certain casesin the practical phase.To this must be added the effort undertaken to guarantee the constant presence ofinterpreters (of the Italian and English language) in order to allow everyone tocomprehend and consciously participate in the activities. But this fact has also brought anecessary duplication of time.If in the future we should organize a similar initiative, we could introduce some usefulcorrectives to optimize this methodology, such as, for example:  More time dedicated to the Workshops;  every paper should be accompanied by a corresponding abstract;  anticipated distribution of the personalized portfolios, which should include the Papers and the abstracts already translated;  oral exposition only of the abstract;  more time for the discussion under the guidance of the Group Leader.The role of the Group Leaders has been fulfilled and interpreted with competence. Eachone has used responsibility to respond to the mandate, posing great attention toenhancing the value of human resources, respect for deadlines, most of all theachievement of objectives.If it is true that communication is the key process that permits the functioning of a workgroup, it has imposed in various way methods and characters (interactive, informativeand transformative), even if the different planes were not always easily distinguishable, asthey were strongly interwoven.Finalized (the communicative exchanges were meant to achieve the specific objective ofeach moment of work); pragmatic (very often the gathering and the analysis of data andfacts was privileged); efficient (confrontation and exchange, with persons willing to offerreciprocally as an opportunity to broaden the experience of working together), thecommunication inside each Workshop benefitted from the contribution of the GroupLeaders, that managed to spark interest and attention, modulate the exposition with thelistening, answer in order to comment, resolve doubts and uncertainties, manifest anappropriate action of feedback.I personally attended all three Workshops. I appreciated, other than the contents, also theclimate, that variable made up of perceptions, life experiences, feelings, opinions which WORKSHOPS: FAMILY, JOB, CULTURE AND SOCIETY 18 Napoli, Italy, 28th – 30th November 2008
  19. 19. Luisa VINCIGUERRA Workshops Coordinator Past President National Council Inner Wheel Italy President Inner Wheel Europe Literary Prizedescribe well the atmosphere of a group. A good climate, warm, supportive and at thesame time, attentive to the task and the promotion of each participants abilities.From subsequent comments, messages, e mail extras, the recurring observations, naturallyother than appreciation for the reports presented in the plenary sessions and enjoyment ofthe social surrounding manifestations, lead everyone to highlight the notable innovativepush of the Workshops, an interesting training activity, a satisfying relationship qualitywithin the groups, as well as the possibility of recognizing the Workshops as a new systemnot used in the Inner WheelWorkshops that distinguished themselves, then, both for different themes, and for theirorigin from different countries, for the personal and professional qualities of theparticipants who enroled, which made each group different form the other, unique andunpredictable, which must be added in large measure to factors such as the balance, thesynergy and the comradeship created among these qualities.The dynamic process which started the moment in which the associates met with theirLeader was very well received, to share the objectives, spaces, times and values.On the contents, we will have means of reflecting afterwards, in the long term, in manyand various way, over the next few days to evaluate their range, using the possibility toread and consult the Acts of the Convention, in order to consider with attention:  The content of the Reports presented in the plenary sessions  The content of the Reports-Guides and Synthesis of the Workshops Group Leaders  The content of the 27 papers  The content of the debates which are interconnectedRegarding the contents of the Papers it is interesting to take a look at the categorieswhich surfaced. A rapid classification allows us to highlight papers whose content:  focuses on the description of the actual situation in the native country;  is prevalently characterized by being a study with a historical/sociological/philosophical background;  reports a series of objective data coming from researches and specific studies;  offers itself as a personal experience of life;  is the result of an investigation produced through a questionnaire between Inner Wheel associates (Belgium).Often in the discussion it was heard that the equality between men and women is aquestion referred to in the field of fundamental human rights, of social justice and also ofdemocratic representation, that the European Union is built on the basis of a democraticrepresentation of citizens, with the objective of social progress and justice, that NonGovernmental Organizations (NGOs) do and can fulfil a key role in the civil dialoguebetween European institutions and citizens of the Union.The European Lobby of Women (ELW) represents today, thirteen years from its foundation,the largest coalition of Non Governmental Organizations, movements, feminist and femalegroups of the European Union. About 3000 associations located in the States of the EUadhere to it; and in the future such a number is destined to double, with the entry into the WORKSHOPS: FAMILY, JOB, CULTURE AND SOCIETY 19 Napoli, Italy, 28th – 30th November 2008
  20. 20. Luisa VINCIGUERRA Workshops Coordinator Past President National Council Inner Wheel Italy President Inner Wheel Europe Literary PrizeUnion of countries of central and eastern Europe.Sustained by the European Community, it represents the point of contact betweenEuropean organizations that are involved in equal opportunities. Its objectives can besummarized as follows:  representing the womens perspective at a European level;  create equal treatment and opportunity for the women citizens of the European Union, eliminating the forms of discrimination against women and acting as link between political decision makers and womens organizations;  defend the interests of women who live in the member states of the European Union, including migrants, ethnic minorities and the most vulnerable and marginalised groups in society, in the context of a united and democratic Europe;  represent the interests of the related organizations which compose the Lobby.In spite of the progress reported recently, the contribution of women to Europe, both thatalready given and that which is possible, is still insufficiently recognized and valued. Theprosecution of our project "Women for Europe" could be one of numerous stimuli for therecognition and promotion of a Europe of gender in a transcultural perspective".To link up again with what is expressed in the report, "Women for Europe" has a vision,namely sustaining women in achieving full citizenship and a sustainable balance betweenworking, family and personal life. A mission to accomplish, where the Inner Wheel networkscan apply themselves to promote the diffusion of a gender culture in their own country,promote a cognitive change of social and cultural representation of gender, and theknocking down of the stereotypes which weigh heavily on the achievement of asubstantial and not only formal balance between women and men.“Realise your visions”, do you remember the theme of President Suzanne?A BRIDGE TO THE FUTURE FROM THE WORKSHOPSThe Inner Wheel has shown itself to be a precious spatial-cultural area useful fordiscussing peacefully and with the assistance of different cultures and diverse opinions.A synthesis of the contemporary situation of the Family, Work, Culture, Society wasderived by direct comparison of how in our Country the affirmation of femalecompetences and professionality is being lived, of how women are a precious resourceand are essential for the development of a democratic society, which knows how tospeak the language of equality and of meritocracy in the European dimension.Certainly an intense, not generic debate which has placed in focus the role of Women inEurope. A long working day to imagine possible and viable initiatives. A long days workwhich had particular value also for the significant participation of so many membersjoining from 13 different countries.However, even with diverse roles and in the context of our specific professionality andresponsibilities, we must commit ourselves to transferring and promulgating in ourrespective countries the contents and proposals which emerged in the course of themeeting and do so in such a way that the spirit of working collaboration and cooperation WORKSHOPS: FAMILY, JOB, CULTURE AND SOCIETY 20 Napoli, Italy, 28th – 30th November 2008
  21. 21. Luisa VINCIGUERRA Workshops Coordinator Past President National Council Inner Wheel Italy President Inner Wheel Europe Literary Prizewhich animated these two days does not remain an end in itself and closed in thisbeautiful Naples.We must maintain amongst ourselves, with the technical and administrative support of theNaples Club, a constant exchange of information, proposals and projects, which cantransform themselves into a Permanent Observatory, a laboratory of ideas and concreteproposals, which carry forward that capacity for doing and for innovating which wewomen know we have but we dont always use it to the full.Why "the ideas of our Inner Wheel Members can be a programme".Women in Europe have increased at double and triple speed in studies, business,professions, also in female Associationism. Also in the Inner Wheel. Women will ever moresignal our future, an essential resource for the development of Europe. The workspresented in the 3 Workshops have captured the sign of the times and proposed acomparison which has led to the new reality of a society which is increasingly losing itsgender characteristics to found a newer and more harmonious balance. A turning in thelong road towards a society of equals, without any more distinctions of gender.It would be interesting, now, to programme other meetings, appointments, seminars, inorder to offer each year the most original and complete photograph of the way of theInner Wheel Woman in Europe.Why "the way of the Inner Wheel Woman in Europe can be a turning point".The Luisa Bruni Naples Club Project wants to be a turning point in the season ofcomparison and of the participation, with awareness that many roads must still befollowed. This project is a finishing line and an event. A finishing line for the Inner Wheelwhich sees reflected in it the concrete result of years of work aimed at women and at thecontribution of the most innovative female energies to the solution of many basicproblems.Why "the Workshops have highlighted the necessity of new forces for change".This is the novelty and originality of this initiative which has grown together with the growthof commitment and abilities of us all.The quantity and quality of the support gathered tells us that we have seized the moment,that this initiative was awaited. The Inner Wheel has united more closely female energieson this occasion. To participate, to build, to stand alongside the precious andindispensable activities of humanitarian service, the willingness to contribute - as anAssociation of service - to the general progress. To open spaces to a renewed socialdynamism. WORKSHOPS: FAMILY, JOB, CULTURE AND SOCIETY 21 Napoli, Italy, 28th – 30th November 2008
  22. 22. Luisa VINCIGUERRA Workshops Coordinator Past President National Council Inner Wheel Italy President Inner Wheel Europe Literary PrizeThey are unrenounceable appointments in the Inner Wheel debate.The only one of its type, it has proposed in fact a comparison on the great current themesthrough the unedited reading of the female universe. To speak of Women in Europe theWomen of the Inner wheel have been called to address: specific feminine characteristics,organizational elements, concreteness, intuition, solidarity, no longer, in fact, to penetrateonto the approach to the problems, on the priorities, on the timescales and choices,offering new values to the changes.The project has been, therefore, an extraordinary occasion for moving for three days toNaples the heart of a considerable part of the Inner Wheel, carrying to the centre of thedebate, the Inner Wheel female resource as a strategically fundamental.For the Luisa Bruni Naples Club it was a way of reconfirming itself also as a culturallaboratory, with the aim of concretizing a vocation of great project ability.A complex project, the success of which is due to many qualified associates who haveworked a long time with much effort and passion. I would like to take and quote themetaphor used by one of the two Coordinators of the Inner Wheel Literary Prize Europe,founded and headed by myself, present here in Naples. She, in the course of amanifestation, compared the Prize to an orchestra, where everyone plays an obtain "harmony". Corality, harmony, are the correct words. But to these, may I bepermitted to add others: professionalism, hospitality, friendship. Inner Wheel is thesignature. The objectives are clear, poised to achieve actions of support to single womenthrough the Inner Wheel and to the collaboration of the Inner Wheel with otherassociations and various organizations, which target Empowerment, the application ofGender mainstreaming and the increasing of female employment, the promotion offamily, but also the quantitative and qualitative reinforcement of the participation ofwomen in the employment market, the reduction of the risks of social exclusion.An Inner Wheel project capable of optimizing the relations of the web present on theterritory and implementing the existing services in a logic of exchange, creating relationsof collaboration and shared planning.A project, which I repeat and conclude, has become a moment for discussing the role ofwoman and the possibilities of growth of the female universe. Not a place of vindication,but a place where women have studied or told their varied experiences, interpreting aswomen the great current themes linked to the position of Women in Europe. It is a way ofpromoting the specific characteristics of women, considering them as valueable forchange, for the approach to problems, in the organization of work, to confirm thatwoman has to be considered as an unrenounceable resource. WORKSHOPS: FAMILY, JOB, CULTURE AND SOCIETY 22 Napoli, Italy, 28th – 30th November 2008