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ADVENTURE
LESSON 8
® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
I DARE YOU!
LESSON 8A
® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
Do you enjoy doing adventurous things?
Would you like more adventures in your
life?
® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
VOCABULARY
 DESERT
 FOREST
 ISLAND
 MOUNTAIN
 VOLCANO
 LAKE
 WATERFALL
 RIVER
 CAVE
® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE
® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
WE USE THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE …
 For actions which happened in the past, but we don´t mention
when exactly
 I´ve vis...
HOW TO FORM THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE?
We form it with the following rule
Have/has + verb in past participle
® LUIS ROBER...
AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES
SUBJECT HAVE/HAS VERB IN PP
I HAVE PLAYED
YOU HAVE PLAYED
HE HAS PLAYED
SHE HAS PLAYED
IT HAS PLAYED...
NEGATIVE SENTENCES
SUBJECT HAVE/HAS NOT VERB IN PP
I HAVE NOT PLAYED
YOU HAVE NOT PLAYED
HE HAS NOT PLAYED
SHE HAS NOT PLA...
AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES
HAVE/HAS SUBJECT VERB IN PP ?
HAVE I PLAYED ?
HAVE YOU PLAYED ?
HAS HE PLAYED ?
HAS SHE PLAYED ?
HAS...
TIME EXPRESSIONS FOR THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE
 Always
 Never
 Ever
 Before
 Once
 twice
® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERR...
OPEN YOUR STUDENT´S BOOK
ON PAGE 137
® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
SPEAKING ACTIVITY
• Do you consider yourself an adventurous person? Why or why not?
• What's the most exciting thing you'v...
THAT´S LIFE
LESSON 8B
® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
VOCABULARY
 LIFT
 STUCK
 OUT OF ORDER
 BROKE DOWN
 RUN OUT OF® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE VS. PAST SIMPLE
® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
WE USE THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE WE USE THE PAST SIMPLE
For actions that happened in the past, but we don´t
say when exac...
IMPORTANT NOTE
 Have/has been means that someone has visited a place but has come
back.
 Beth has been to Barcelona (No...
ALL ABOARD
LESSON 8C
® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
Have you ever use an airplane, ship
train or bus?
® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
VOCABULARY
 HELMET
 ROPE
 COMPASS
 PENKNIFE
 LIFE JACKET
 SEAT BELT
 WHISTLE ® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
REPORTED SPEECH (COMMANDS – REQUESTS)
® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
We use reported speech when we report the
meaning of what somebody said, but not with the
exact words.
® LUIS ROBERTO ORTI...
When we repeat the exact words that someone said, we
usually use the verb say and put the words in qutation
marks. This is...
We usually use tell when we report commands
and ask when we report requests
® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH
AFFIRMATIVE
“Give me a lift to the station” said
Joe
Ask/tell + to + base form of the
verb
J...
EXERCISES
 “Don´t go sailing without a compass. You can get lost” said the instructor to
us.
 The instructor told us not...
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Reported Speech and Present Perfect Simple

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Presentation related to the reported speech while Giving Commands or Giving Orders. It also include the Present Perfect Simple

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Reported Speech and Present Perfect Simple

  1. 1. ADVENTURE LESSON 8 ® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  2. 2. I DARE YOU! LESSON 8A ® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  3. 3. Do you enjoy doing adventurous things? Would you like more adventures in your life? ® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  4. 4. VOCABULARY  DESERT  FOREST  ISLAND  MOUNTAIN  VOLCANO  LAKE  WATERFALL  RIVER  CAVE ® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  5. 5. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE ® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  6. 6. WE USE THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE …  For actions which happened in the past, but we don´t mention when exactly  I´ve visited the National Museum, so I don´t want to go there again.  For actions that happened in the past and their results are obvious in the present  Look! Herry has broken his leg! ® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  7. 7. HOW TO FORM THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE? We form it with the following rule Have/has + verb in past participle ® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  8. 8. AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES SUBJECT HAVE/HAS VERB IN PP I HAVE PLAYED YOU HAVE PLAYED HE HAS PLAYED SHE HAS PLAYED IT HAS PLAYED WE HAVE PLAYED YOU HAVE PLAYED THEY HAVE PLAYED ® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  9. 9. NEGATIVE SENTENCES SUBJECT HAVE/HAS NOT VERB IN PP I HAVE NOT PLAYED YOU HAVE NOT PLAYED HE HAS NOT PLAYED SHE HAS NOT PLAYED IT HAS NOT PLAYED WE HAVE NOT PLAYED YOU HAVE NOT PLAYED THEY HAVE NOT PLAYED ® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  10. 10. AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES HAVE/HAS SUBJECT VERB IN PP ? HAVE I PLAYED ? HAVE YOU PLAYED ? HAS HE PLAYED ? HAS SHE PLAYED ? HAS IT PLAYED ? HAVE WE PLAYED ? HAVE YOU PLAYED ? HAVE THEY PLAYED ? ® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  11. 11. TIME EXPRESSIONS FOR THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE  Always  Never  Ever  Before  Once  twice ® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  12. 12. OPEN YOUR STUDENT´S BOOK ON PAGE 137 ® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  13. 13. SPEAKING ACTIVITY • Do you consider yourself an adventurous person? Why or why not? • What's the most exciting thing you've ever done? Tell about it. • If you could go back to another time and place, what time and place would you choose and why? • Have you ever tried any of the following: bungee jumping, snowboarding, parachuting, hang- gliding? If so, tell about it. • If you were offered a trip on the space shuttle, would you go? Why or why not?
  14. 14. THAT´S LIFE LESSON 8B ® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  15. 15. VOCABULARY  LIFT  STUCK  OUT OF ORDER  BROKE DOWN  RUN OUT OF® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  16. 16. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE VS. PAST SIMPLE ® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  17. 17. WE USE THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE WE USE THE PAST SIMPLE For actions that happened in the past, but we don´t say when exactly I have visited Rome. For actions that happened at a definite time in the past. We clearly say when. I visited Rome last year. With the time expressions ever, never, before, always, once twice. Etc. With the time expressions yesterday, in 1996, ago, last week/month, etc. ® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  18. 18. IMPORTANT NOTE  Have/has been means that someone has visited a place but has come back.  Beth has been to Barcelona (Now she´s back)  Have/has gone  means that someone has gone somewhere and is still there.  Beth has gone to the supermarket (She´s still there) ® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  19. 19. ALL ABOARD LESSON 8C ® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  20. 20. Have you ever use an airplane, ship train or bus? ® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  21. 21. VOCABULARY  HELMET  ROPE  COMPASS  PENKNIFE  LIFE JACKET  SEAT BELT  WHISTLE ® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  22. 22. REPORTED SPEECH (COMMANDS – REQUESTS) ® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  23. 23. We use reported speech when we report the meaning of what somebody said, but not with the exact words. ® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  24. 24. When we repeat the exact words that someone said, we usually use the verb say and put the words in qutation marks. This is called Direct Speech Martin said “call Mr. Roberts at the office” ® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  25. 25. We usually use tell when we report commands and ask when we report requests ® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  26. 26. DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH AFFIRMATIVE “Give me a lift to the station” said Joe Ask/tell + to + base form of the verb Joe asked me to give him a lift to the station NEGATIVE “Don´t use the computer” said Harry Ask/Tell + not to + base form of the verb Harry told me not to use the computer ® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  27. 27. EXERCISES  “Don´t go sailing without a compass. You can get lost” said the instructor to us.  The instructor told us not to go sailing without a compass because we could get lost  “Turn off the air conditioning, please. I am getting sick” Donna said to me  Donna asked me to turn off the air conditioning because she was getting sick  “Can you give me some information about the courses, please? I said to the receptionist  I asked the receptionist to give me some information about the courses. ® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO

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