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Present Simple vs. Present Progressive

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Presentation related to the use of the present simple and the present progressive.

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Present Simple vs. Present Progressive

  1. 1. YOUTH CULTURE Lesson 1
  2. 2. What are popular activities forYoung people in Mexico? How doYoung people today make new Friends?
  3. 3. WHAT´S UP? Lesson 1A
  4. 4. Do you talk with your Friends on the phone a lot? Which media do you usually use to communicate with your Friends?
  5. 5. VOCABULARY  Hold On  You can´t be serious!  What are you up to?  How´s it going?  Nice one! Wait  I don´t agree with you What are you doing at the moment?  How are you?  Great!
  6. 6. PRESENT SIMPLE ®Luis Roberto Ortiz Guerrero
  7. 7. WHENTO USE IT? We use the present simple tense for: •Permanent states •Habits or actions that happend regularly •For general truths ®Luis Roberto Ortiz Guerrero
  8. 8. EXAMPLES • Ben lives in London ( permanent states) • We always have breakfast at eight (happens regularly) • The Earth goes round the sun. (general truth) ®Luis Roberto Ortiz Guerrero
  9. 9. AFFIRMATIVE subject verb I work He/She/It works We/You/They work ®Luis Roberto Ortiz Guerrero
  10. 10. NEGATIVE subject aux. verb verb I don´t work He/She/It doesn´t work. We/You/They don´t work ®Luis Roberto Ortiz Guerrero
  11. 11. INTERROGATIVE Aux. verb subject verb ? Do I work ? Does He/She/It work ? Do We/You/Th ey work ? ®Luis Roberto Ortiz Guerrero
  12. 12. BE CAREFUL! If the verb ends in –o // -sh // -ch, then you have to add –es at the end of the verb. ®Luis Roberto Ortiz Guerrero
  13. 13.  Play  Plays  Dance  Dances  Watch Watches  Go  Goes  Wash Washes ®Luis Roberto Ortiz Guerrero
  14. 14. PRESENT PROGRESSIVE ®Luis Roberto Ortiz Guerrero
  15. 15. WHENTO USE IT? We use the present progressive tense for: •Temporary states •Action happening at the moment of speaking •For future arrengements ®Luis Roberto Ortiz Guerrero
  16. 16. EXAMPLES • I´m taking driving lesson this month ( temporary states) • Lucy is sleeping now (actions at the moment) • For future arrengements (We´re flying to Acapulco tonight) ®Luis Roberto Ortiz Guerrero
  17. 17. AFFIRMATIVE subject V. Be conj verb I am working He/She/It is working We/You/They are working ®Luis Roberto Ortiz Guerrero
  18. 18. NEGATIVE subject aux. verb NOT Verb -ing I am not working He/She/It is not working We/You/They are not working ®Luis Roberto Ortiz Guerrero
  19. 19. INTERROGATIVE Aux. verb subject verb ? Am I working ? Is He/She/It working ? Are We/You/Th ey working ? ®Luis Roberto Ortiz Guerrero
  20. 20. Be careful when conjugating the verbs in present progressive! ®Luis Roberto Ortiz Guerrero
  21. 21. PRESENT SIMPLE VS. PRESENT PROGRESSIVE ®Luis Roberto Ortiz Guerrero
  22. 22. PRESENT SIMPLE PRESENT PROGRESSIVE MAIN USE Permanent states Habits or regular actions General truths MAIN USE Temporary states Actions happening at the moment Future arrengements TIME EXPRESSIONS: • Usually, always, often, every day, in the morning, on Monday, once, twice, etc. TIME EXPRESSIONS: • Now, at the moment, today, these days, this week, tonight, tomorrow, next week, etc. ®Luis Roberto Ortiz Guerrero
  23. 23. THE FOLLOWINGVERBS ARE NORMALLY NOT USED IN PROGRESSIVETENSES VERBS OF EMOTION Like, dislike, love, hate, want, need, prefer ®Luis Roberto Ortiz Guerrero • VERBS OF SENSES • Feel, hear, smell, seem, appear
  24. 24. THE FOLLOWINGVERBS ARE NORMALLY NOT USED IN PROGRESSIVETENSES •OTHERVERBS • Be, have, own, belong, cost ®Luis Roberto Ortiz Guerrero • VERBS OF PERCEPTION AND OPINION • Know, mean, think, understand, remember, forget, imagine, hope, believe
  25. 25. My brother´s name is Peter. He is 18 years old and right now he ______________________ (study) Medicine at the International Med School. Every day, he __________________ (wake up) at 5:00, then he __________________ (take) a shower and then he __________________ (eat) his breakfast. At 6:30, he usually ________________ (ride) his bike and go to school, however, today he ________________ (drive) to school. }
  26. 26. KEEP IN TOUCH Lesson 1B
  27. 27. How do you keep in touch with your Friends? Do you use social networks?Which ones?
  28. 28. VOCABULARY Regularly Instantly Online Display Usually Immediately On the Internet Show
  29. 29. EXPRESSIONS KEEP INTOUCH GIVE ME A CALL RETURNED MY CALL LOSTTOUCH DROPYOU A LINE HAVEAWORDWITH RECEIVE A REPLY
  30. 30. PAST SIMPLE ®Luis Roberto Ortiz Guerrero
  31. 31. WHENTO USE IT? We use the past simple tense for: • Actions that started and were completed at a specific time in the past • Habitual or repeated actions in the past • Completed actions that happened one after the other in the past ®Luis Roberto Ortiz Guerrero
  32. 32. EXAMPLES • We bought a house five years ago (started//completed in the past) • I always went to bed Early when I was 5 (habits in past) • I made a sándwich, turned on theTV and watched the match ®Luis Roberto Ortiz Guerrero
  33. 33.  +VPS + COMPLEMENT I went shopping yesterday.
  34. 34. 2 DIFFERENT OPTIONS Verbs Regular Irregular Luis Roberto Ortiz
  35. 35. REGULAR VERBS For regular verbs, we only add “ed” at the end of the verb. Luis Roberto Ortiz Play  Played Talk  Talked Stay  Stayed Jump  Jumped
  36. 36. EXCEPTIONS 1. Verbs ending in –e, only add a –d at the end 2. Verbs ending in a consonant + -y, add –ied 3. Verbs with one syllable ending in CVC form, double the last consonant. 4. Verbs with 2 or more syllables ending in the CVC form and with the last stressed syllable 5. Verbs ending in one vowel + -L, double the –L before the –ed Luis Roberto Ortiz
  37. 37. VERBS ENDING IN –E, ONLY ADD A –D AT THE END Dance  Danced Agree  Agreed Luis Roberto Ortiz
  38. 38. VERBS ENDING IN A CONSONANT + -Y, ADD –IED Try- Tried Carry - Carried
  39. 39. BE CAREFUL! Play  Played Luis Roberto Ortiz
  40. 40. VERBS WITH ONE SYLLABLE ENDING IN CVC FORM, DOUBLE THE LAST CONSONANT. Stop  Stopped Luis Roberto Ortiz C V C
  41. 41. BE CAREFUL! IF THE VERB ENDS IN X OR W, DON´T DOUBLE THE LAST CONSONANT FIX  FIXED MIX  MIXED Luis Roberto Ortiz
  42. 42. VERBS WITH MORE THAN ONE SYLLABLE, YOU ONLY DOUBLE THE CONSONANT IF IT HAS THE CVC AND IT IS STRESSED Prefer  Preferred Luis Roberto Ortiz
  43. 43. BE CAREFUL! Answer Answered Luis Roberto Ortiz
  44. 44. VERBS ENDING IN ONE VOWEL + -L, DOUBLE THE –L BEFORE THE –ED Travel  Travelled Cancel  Cancelled Luis Roberto Ortiz
  45. 45. BE CAREFUL! Sail Sailed Luis Roberto Ortiz
  46. 46. IRREGULAR VERBS There is no specific rule for the Irregular verbs.
  47. 47. IRREGULAR VERBS Luis Roberto Ortiz Irregular verbs are different from each other, so, you need to learn one by one the cases. 
  48. 48. SOME EXAMPLES HAVE  HAD GET  GOT BUY  BOUGHT MAKE  MADE COME  CAME EAT  ATE LEAVE  LEFT DO  DID GO  WENT SEE  SAW Luis Roberto Ortiz
  49. 49. TIME EXPRESSIONS  Yesterday  Last Night  Last Day  Last Summer  Two days ago Luis Roberto Ortiz
  50. 50. AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES I You He She It We They Verb in past Comp.
  51. 51. EXAMPLES •I played soccer last week. •Sarah danced salsa yesterday. •Peter and Paco ate broccoli last morning. Luis Roberto Ortiz
  52. 52. NEGATIVE SENTENCES I You He She It We They Didn´t Comp.Verb in simple form
  53. 53. SPEAKING ACTIVITY Talk about the things you did yesterday // last weekend Luis Roberto Ortiz EXAMPLE • Last weekend, I went with some friends to a party, it was incredible. We drank some beer and also we ate some tacos.
  54. 54. USED TO
  55. 55. We use “used to” to talk about something that happened regularly in the past but no longer does “We used to go skateboarding every afternoon when we´re young”
  56. 56. SPEAKING ACTIVITY Luis Roberto Ortiz Which means of communication did you parents // grandparents used to use? Which means of communication do your parents // grandparents use now?
  57. 57. THAT´S ME Lesson 1C
  58. 58. VOCABULARY • Big fan of someone • Interested in something • Fond of someone • Be into something.
  59. 59. VOCABULARY • Can´t stand • Find boring • Hate
  60. 60. PREPOSITIONS OF TIME
  61. 61. AT
  62. 62. IN // ON
  63. 63. GOOD ROLE MODELS Lesson 1D
  64. 64. WORDS EASILY CONFUSED WIN BEAT
  65. 65. WORDS EASILY CONFUSED TRAIN PERFORM
  66. 66. WORDS EASILY CONFUSED POPULAR FAMOUS
  67. 67. WORDS EASILY CONFUSED UNDERSTAND REALISE
  68. 68. QUANTIFIERS
  69. 69. SOME + UNCOUNTABLE / PLURAL COUNTABLE We use some + uncountable // plural countable nouns in affirmative sentences and offers There is some orange juice in the fridge Would you like some chips?
  70. 70. ANY+ UNCOUNTABLE / PLURAL COUNTABLE We use any + uncountable // plural countable nouns in questions and negative sentences Is there any orange juice in the fridge? There aren´t any chips in the table.
  71. 71. NO (=NOT ANY) + UNCOUNTABLE / PLURAL COUNTABLE We use no+ uncountable // plural countable nouns in affirmative sentences yo give a negative meaning There is no cheese in the fridge (=There isn´t any cheese in the fridge)
  72. 72. MANY We use many with plural countable nouns, usually in questions and negative sentences There aren´t many books in the bookcase
  73. 73. MUCH We use much with uncountable nouns, in questions and negative sentences We don´t have much money
  74. 74. LOT OF // LOTS OF We use lot of // lots of with uncountable plural countable nouns, usually in affirmative sentences There is a lot of coffee in my cup There are lots of apples in the fridge.
  75. 75. A LITTLE We use a Little with uncountable nouns in affirmative sentences There is a Little cheese on the table
  76. 76. A FEW We use a few with plural countable nouns in affirmative sentences There are a few magazines on the table
  77. 77. LITTLE We use little with uncountable nouns when there´s not enough of something We´ve got very little time
  78. 78. FEW We use few with plural countable nouns when there are nout enough of them There are very few tomatoes left

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