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Past Simple

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Presentation related to the use of the past simple. It also includes the correct conjugation of regular and irregular verbs in past simple.

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Past Simple

  1. 1. PAST SIMPLE LUIS ROBERTOORTIZ GUERRERO
  2. 2. WHENTO USE IT? WE USETHE PAST SIMPLE FORTHINGSTHAT STARTED INTHE PAST AND ALSO FINISHED INTHE PAST. PAST FUTUR E PRESENT
  3. 3. + I went shopping. He drove to the school. They bought some clothes. - I didn´t go shopping. He didn´t drive to the school. They didn´t buy some clothes. ? Did I go shopping? Did He drive to the school.? Did They buy some clothes?
  4. 4.  +VPS + COMPLEMENT I went shopping yesterday.
  5. 5. 2 Different Options Verbs Regular Irregular Luis RobertoOrtiz
  6. 6. Regular verbs For regular verbs, we only add “ed” at the end of the verb. Luis RobertoOrtiz Play  Played Talk  Talked Stay  Stayed Jump  Jumped
  7. 7. Exceptions 1. Verbs ending in –e, only add a –d at the end 2. Verbs ending in a consonant + -y, add –ied 3. Verbs with one syllable ending in CVC form, double the last consonant. 4. Verbs with 2 or more syllables ending in the CVC form and with the last stressed syllable 5. Verbs ending in one vowel + -L, double the –L before the –ed Luis RobertoOrtiz
  8. 8. Verbs ending in –e, only add a –d at the end Dance  Danced Agree  Agreed Luis RobertoOrtiz
  9. 9. Verbs ending in a consonant + -y, add – ied Try- Tried Carry - Carried
  10. 10. Be Careful! Play  Played Luis RobertoOrtiz
  11. 11. Verbs with one syllable ending in CVC FORM, double the last consonant. Stop  Stopped Luis RobertoOrtiz C V C
  12. 12. Be Careful! IF THE VERB ENDS IN X OR W, DON´T DOUBLE THE LAST CONSONANT FIX  FIXED MIX  MIXED Luis RobertoOrtiz
  13. 13. Verbs with more than one syllable, you only double the consonant if it has the CVC and it is stressed Prefer  Preferred Luis RobertoOrtiz
  14. 14. Be Careful! Answer Answered Luis RobertoOrtiz
  15. 15. Verbs ending in one vowel + -L, double the –L before the –ed Travel  Travelled Cancel  Cancelled Luis RobertoOrtiz
  16. 16. Be Careful! Sail Sailed Luis RobertoOrtiz
  17. 17. Irregular Verbs There is no specific rule for the Irregular verbs.
  18. 18. Irregular Verbs Luis RobertoOrtiz Irregular verbs are different from each other, so, you need to learn one by one the cases. 
  19. 19. Some examples  HAVE  HAD  GET  GOT  BUY  BOUGHT  MAKE  MADE  COME  CAME  EAT  ATE  LEAVE  LEFT  DO  DID  GO  WENT  SEE  SAW Luis RobertoOrtiz
  20. 20. Time expressions ■ Yesterday ■ Last Night ■ Last Day ■ Last Summer ■ Two days ago Luis RobertoOrtiz
  21. 21. affirmative sentences I You He She It We They Verb in past Comp.
  22. 22. examples • I played soccer last week. • Demian danced salsa yesterday. • The kids ate broccoli last morning. Luis RobertoOrtiz
  23. 23. Speaking activity Talk about the things you did last weekend. Luis RobertoOrtiz EXAMPLE • Last weekend, I went with some friends to a party, it was incredible. We drank some beer and also we ate some tacos.
  24. 24. negative sentences I You He She It We They Didn´t Comp.Verb in simple form
  25. 25. examples • I didn´t play soccer last week. • Demian didn´t dance salsa yesterday. • The kids didn´t eat broccoli last morning. Luis RobertoOrtiz
  26. 26. Mariel went to a party last Sunday. Mariel didn´t go to a party last Sunday Luis RobertoOrtiz affirmative negative

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