Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

General review

185 views

Published on

Presentation related to the general review of the course.

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

General review

  1. 1. GENERAL REVIEW MT EXAM 2016 ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  2. 2. GENERAL OUTLINE  Present Simple  Present Porgressive  Past Simple  Past Progressive  Present Perfect Simple  Comparative and Superlative  Future will  Infinitives  Passive Voice ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  3. 3. PRESENT SIMPLE ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  4. 4. WHEN TO USE IT?  We use the present simple tense for: • Permanent states • Habits or actions that happend regularly • For general truths ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  5. 5. EXAMPLES • Ben lives in London ( permanent states) • We always have breakfast at eight (happens regularly) • The Earth goes round the sun. (general truth) ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  6. 6. ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  7. 7. AFFIRMATIVE subject verb I work He/She/It works We/You/They work ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  8. 8. NEGATIVE subject aux. verb verb I don´t work He/She/It doesn´t work. We/You/The y don´t work ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  9. 9. INTERROGATIVE Aux. verb subject verb ? Do I work ? Does He/She/I t work ? Do We/You/ They work ? ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  10. 10. BE CAREFUL If the verb ends in –o // -sh // -ch, then you have to add –es at the end of the verb. ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  11. 11.  Play  Plays  Dance  Dances  Watch  Watches  Go  Goes  Wash  Washes ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  12. 12. PRESENT PROGRESSIVE ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  13. 13. ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  14. 14. WHEN TO USE IT?  We use the present simple tense for: • Temporary states • Action happening at the moment of speaking • For future arrengements ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  15. 15. EXAMPLES • I´m taking driving lesson this month ( temporary states) • Lucy is sleeping now (actions at the moment) • For future arrengements (We´re flying to Acapulco tonight) ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  16. 16. AFFIRMATIVE subject V. Be conj verb I am working He/She/It is working We/You/The y are working ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  17. 17. NEGATIVE subject aux. verb NOT verb I am not work He/She/It is not work. We/You/The y are not work ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  18. 18. INTERROGATIVE Aux. verb subject verb ? Am I working ? Is He/She/I t working ? Are We/You/ They working ? ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  19. 19.  Be careful when conjugating the verbs in present progressive! ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  20. 20. PRESENT SIMPLE VS. PRESENT PROGRESSIVE ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  21. 21. PRESENT SIMPLE PRESENT PROGRESSIVE MAIN USE • Permanent states • Habits or regular actions • General truths MAIN USE • Temporary states • Actions happening at the moment • Future arrengements TIME EXPRESSIONS: • Usually, always, often, every day, in the morning, on Monday, once, twice, etc. TIME EXPRESSIONS: • Now, at the moment, today, these days, this week, tonight, tomorrow, next week, etc. ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  22. 22. STATIVE VERBS ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  23. 23. THE FOLLOWING VERBS ARE NORMALLY NOT USED IN PROGRESSIVE TENSES  VERBS OF EMOTION  Like, dislike, love, hate, want, need, prefer ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO  VERBS OF SENSES  Feel, hear, smell, seem, appear
  24. 24. THE FOLLOWING VERBS ARE NORMALLY NOT USED IN PROGRESSIVE TENSES  OTHER VERBS  Be, have, own, belong, cost ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO  VERBS OF PERCEPTION AND OPINION  Know, mean, think, understand, remember, froget, imagine, hope, believe
  25. 25. PAST SIMPLE ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  26. 26. WHEN TO USE IT?  We use the past simple tense for: • Actions that started and were completed at a specific time in the past • Habitual or repeated actions in the past • Completed actions that happened one after the other in the past ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  27. 27. EXAMPLES • We bought a house five years ago (started//completed in the past) • I always went to bead Early when I was 5 (habits in past) • I made a sándwich, turned on the TV and watched the match ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  28. 28.  + VPS + COMPLEMENT I went shopping yesterday.
  29. 29. 2 DIFFERENT OPTIONS Verbs Regular Irregular LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ
  30. 30. REGULAR VERBS For regular verbs, we only add “ed” at the end of the verb. LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ Play  Played Talk  Talked Stay  Stayed Jump  Jumped
  31. 31. EXCEPTIONS 1. Verbs ending in –e, only add a –d at the end 2. Verbs ending in a consonant + -y, add –ied 3. Verbs with one syllable ending in CVC form, double the last consonant. 4. Verbs with 2 or more syllables ending in the CVC form and with the last stressed syllable 5. Verbs ending in one vowel + -L, double the –L before the –ed LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ
  32. 32. VERBS ENDING IN –E, ONLY ADD A –D AT THE END Dance  Danced Agree  Agreed LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ
  33. 33. VERBS ENDING IN A CONSONANT + -Y, ADD –IED Try- Tried Carry - Carried
  34. 34. BE CAREFUL! Play  Played LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ
  35. 35. VERBS WITH ONE SYLLABLE ENDING IN CVC FORM, DOUBLE THE LAST CONSONANT. Stop  Stopped LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ C V C
  36. 36. BE CAREFUL! IF THE VERB ENDS IN X OR W, DON´T DOUBLE THE LAST CONSONANT FIX  FIXED MIX  MIXED LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ
  37. 37. VERBS WITH MORE THAN ONE SYLLABLE, YOU ONLY DOUBLE THE CONSONANT IF IT HAS THE CVC AND IT IS STRESSED Prefer  Preferred LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ
  38. 38. BE CAREFUL! Answer Answered LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ
  39. 39. VERBS ENDING IN ONE VOWEL + -L, DOUBLE THE –L BEFORE THE –ED Travel  Travelled Cancel  Cancelled LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ
  40. 40. BE CAREFUL! Sail Sailed LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ
  41. 41. IRREGULAR VERBS There is no specific rule for the Irregular verbs.
  42. 42. IRREGULAR VERBS LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ Irregular verbs are different from each other, so, you need to learn one by one the cases. 
  43. 43. SOME EXAMPLES  HAVE  HAD  GET GOT  BUY BOUGHT  MAKE  MADE  COME  CAME  EAT  ATE  LEAVE  LEFT  DO  DID  GO  WENT  SEE  SAW LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ
  44. 44. TIME EXPRESSIONS  Yesterday  Last Night  Last Day  Last Summer  Two days ago LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ
  45. 45. AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES I You He She It We They Verb in past Comp.
  46. 46. EXAMPLES • I played soccer last week. • Demian danced salsa yesterday. • The kids ate broccoli last morning. LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ
  47. 47. NEGATIVE SENTENCES I You He She It We They Didn´t Comp.Verb in simple form
  48. 48. SPEAKING ACTIVITY Talk about the things you did last weekend. LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ EXAMPLE • Last weekend, I went with some friends to a party, it was incredible. We drank some beer and also we ate some tacos.
  49. 49. THE VERBS CONTEST ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  50. 50.  he / a book / buy  you / English and French/ teach  the dog / bark  they / us / call  we / a to a party/ go / yesterday  John / stamps / collect  we / in London / live  I / hungry / be  they / a hamster / have  he / to school / go ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  51. 51. PAST PROGRESSIVE ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  52. 52. WHEN TO USE IT?  We use the past progressive tense for: • Actions that were happening at a specific point of time in the past • Describe backgrounds scenes to a story ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  53. 53. EXAMPLES • I was watching TV at 7 o´clock yesterday evening. • Jill was walking in the forest and it was raining. ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  54. 54. AFFIRMATIVE subject was//were Verb ing. I/He/She/It was working We/You/The y were working ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  55. 55. NEGATIVE subject was//were NOT Verb ing. I/He/She/It was not working We/You/The y were not working ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  56. 56. INTERROGATIVE subject was//were Verb ing. ? Was I/He/She/It working ? Were We/You/They working ? ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  57. 57. PAST SIMPLE VS. PAST PROGRESSIVE ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  58. 58.  We use the past progressive and the past simple in the same sentence when one action interrupted another in the past. We use the Past Progressive for the longer action and the Past Simple for the shorter action. In this case, we usually use while, when, as  As/While I was driving, I saw a cat in the Street.  I was sleeping when the telephone rang. ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  59. 59. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  60. 60. WE USE THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE …  For actions which happened in the past, but we don´t mention when exactly  I´ve visited the National Museum, so I don´t want to go there again.  For actions that happened in the past and their results are obvious in the present  Look! Herry has broken his leg! ® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  61. 61. HOW TO FORM THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE? We form it with the following rule Have/has + verb in past participle ® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  62. 62. AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES SUBJECT HAVE/HAS VERB IN PP I HAVE PLAYED YOU HAVE PLAYED HE HAS PLAYED SHE HAS PLAYED IT HAS PLAYED WE HAVE PLAYED YOU HAVE PLAYED THEY HAVE PLAYED ® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  63. 63. NEGATIVE SENTENCES SUBJECT HAVE/HAS NOT VERB IN PP I HAVE NOT PLAYED YOU HAVE NOT PLAYED HE HAS NOT PLAYED SHE HAS NOT PLAYED IT HAS NOT PLAYED WE HAVE NOT PLAYED YOU HAVE NOT PLAYED THEY HAVE NOT PLAYED ® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  64. 64. AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES HAVE/HAS SUBJECT VERB IN PP ? HAVE I PLAYED ? HAVE YOU PLAYED ? HAS HE PLAYED ? HAS SHE PLAYED ? HAS IT PLAYED ? HAVE WE PLAYED ? HAVE YOU PLAYED ? HAVE THEY PLAYED ? ® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  65. 65. TIME EXPRESSIONS FOR THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE  Always  Never  Ever  Before  Once  twice ® LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  66. 66. THE VERBS CONTEST ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  67. 67. COMPARATIVES
  68. 68. We use the comparative of adjectives when we compare two people, animal or things. The two basic ways to compare are using as .. as or than
  69. 69. THAN When comparing with than some changes to the adjective are necessary, depending on the number of syllables the adjective has
  70. 70. THAN  Our car is bigger than your car.  This computer is better than that one.  It's much colder today than it was yesterday.
  71. 71. SUPERLATIVES
  72. 72. Superlatives are used when we compare one person, animal or thing with several of the same kind.
  73. 73. formation
  74. 74. My car is newer than yours. My car is the newest of the whole parking lot!
  75. 75. All one-syllable and most two-syllable adjectives taker –er / -est Short – shorter - shortest One-syllable adjectives ending in –e take – r/-st Safe – Safer – safest One-syllable adjectives ending in the CVC form, double the last consonant before adding –er/-est Big – Bigger – Biggest Adjectives ending in consonant + -y, drop the y and taker –ier / -iest Easy – Easier - Easiest Adjectives with three or more syllables and some two-syllables adjectives take more+adj / most+adj Dangerous – more dangerous – most dangerous
  76. 76. HOWEVER … There are some Irregular forms
  77. 77. IRREGULAR FORMS POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE Good Better The best Bad Worse The worst Far Farther Further The farthest The furthest Many/Much More The most
  78. 78. SPEAKING Discuss with your partners who do you think is the best/worst …  Singer  Actor/Actress  Musical Band  Movie  Book  TV serie  Mexican dish
  79. 79. EXERCISE  My house is (big) ________________ than yours.  This flower is (beautiful) ________________ than that one.  This is the (interesting) ________________ book I have ever read.  Non-smokers usually live (long) ________________ than smokers.  Which is the (dangerous) ________________ animal in the world?  A holiday by the sea is (good) ______________ than a holiday in the mountains.  It is strange but often a coke is (expensive) ________________ than a beer.  Who is the (rich) ________________ woman on earth?  The weather this summer is even (bad) ________________ than last summer.  He was the (clever) ________________ thief of all.
  80. 80. 1. Joe is ______________ than Ed. (short) 2. Al is the ______________ . (short) 3. Ed is the ______________. (thin) 4. Joe is ______________ than Al. (thin) 5. Al has the ______________ clothes. (colourful) 6. Al is ______________ than Joe. (heavy) 7. Ed is the ______________ . (light) 8. Joe is ______________ than Ed. (happy) 9. Ed is the ______________ . (mysterious) 10. Joe is ______________ than Ed. (energetic)
  81. 81. PASSIVE VOICE ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  82. 82. ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  83. 83. We use the passive voice to emphasise the action rather than who or what is reponsible for it ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  84. 84. FORMATION The passive voice is formed with the verb be in the appropriate form and the past participle of the main verb ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  85. 85. PRESENT SIMPLE PASSIVE VOICE ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  86. 86. AFFIRMATIVE subject verb I am called / given He/She/It is We/You/The y are ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  87. 87. NEGATIVE subject v.be NOT verb I am not called / given He/She/I t is not We/You/ They are not ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  88. 88. NEGATIVE V. Be subject verb Am I called / given Is He/She/It Are We/You/The y ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  89. 89. PAST SIMPLE PASSIVE VOICE ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  90. 90. AFFIRMATIVE subject verb I/He/She/It was called / given We/You/They were ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  91. 91. NEGATIVE subject V.be NOT verb I/He/She/It was not called / given We/You/They were not ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  92. 92. INTERROGATIVE Aux. verb subject verb ? Was I/He/She/It called/given ? Were We/You/They ? ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  93. 93. ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO Active Voice Passive Voice Subject Subject Verb Verb Object Agent Mary wrote a letter. A letter was written by Mary
  94. 94. ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  95. 95. EXERCISE  He opens the door. – The door is opened by him  We set the table. -  She pays a lot of money. -  I draw a picture. -  They wear blue shoes. -  They don't help you. -  He doesn't open the book. -  You do not write the letter. -  Does your mum pick you up? -  Does the police officer catch the thief? - ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO
  96. 96. EXERCISE  She sang a song. – A song was sung by her.  Somebody hit me. -  We stopped the bus. -  A thief stole my car. -  They didn't let him go. -  She didn't win the prize. -  They didn't make their beds. -  I did not tell them. -  Did you tell them? -  Did he send the letter? - ®LUIS ROBERTO ORTIZ GUERRERO

×