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Cultures of Anyone. The Spanish 'Indignado' Movement and its Contexts

  1. 1. Cultures of Anyone The Spanish ‘Indignado’ Movement and its Contexts Luis Moreno-Caballud University of Pennsylvania
  2. 2. Spanish crisis • • • • • 6 million unemployed 3 million officially in poverty Around 200 evictions everyday Cuts to public health and education Political corruption scandals
  3. 3. “Zombie institutions” “BECAUSE CAPITALISM NEVER DIES” – image uploaded by an anonymous user of El País
  4. 4. Three major cultural mechanisms 1. The imposition of a reality, or of what plays the role of reality, by the everyday stories of the mainstream media 2. The management of reality by experts who are supposedly the only ones qualified to deal with it 3. The consumption of reality as a set of possible objects of satisfaction for individuals
  5. 5. 1.- The imposition of reality by mass media Atocha station bombings and press coverage – Madrid, 2004
  6. 6. Self-convoked citizens in demonstrations in Madrid and Barcelona, March 2004
  7. 7. Minister González-Sinde Wkileaks cable #27536 - February 23, 2005
  8. 8. “The dinner of fear”, article by Amador Fernández-Savater In 2011 (revisited in 2012)
  9. 9. Responses and reactions to “The dinner of fear”, In 2011
  10. 10. “Do not vote them” Internet Campaign, 2011 “Real Democracy Now!” demonstration In Madrid, May 15th 2011
  11. 11. 2.- The management of reality by experts The so-called “Troika” of expert institutions managing the economic and politic situation of indebted European countries Authors and artists of the board of directors of SGAE, association for the defense and management of intellectual property
  12. 12. Representations of the decentralized architecture of the Internet an its precursor, Arpanet
  13. 13. Kitchen, day care, map, and media center of occupied squares in Spain, 2011
  14. 14. Post-M15 production and sharing of economic knowledge and political action against corrupt “experts”
  15. 15. Conceptual map of Acampadasol (Madrid’s occupied square) Thinking working group of Acampadasol, Madrid 2011
  16. 16. The meta-narrative of Spanish modernity The assumption that progress and political transformation in Spain can only happen when enlightened minorities guide the uncultivated masses, helping them escape the influence of the traditional right-wing forces
  17. 17. 3.- The consumption of reality by individuals A map of Spanish alternative “social currencies”
  18. 18. “White Tide” in defense of public health “Green Tide” in defense of public education
  19. 19. Demonstration and building occupied by the Plataforma de Afectadospor la Hipoteca (PAH)
  20. 20. Web page of the Plataforma de Afectadospor la Hipoteca. Showing the evictions stopped during October 2013
  21. 21. Two final open questions • 1- Can these processes transform themselves into stable institutions? • 2- Are the existing institutions going to allow it?

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