WHO ARE THE BASQUE PEOPLE? Geography:Basque, or Euskaldunak, are member of a people who live in both Spain and France, in areas bordering the Bay of Biscay and encompassing the western foothills of the Pyrenees Mountains.
WHO ARE THE BASQUE PEOPLE II?Language: Euskara.- Unlike most European languages, Basque cannot be classified as a Indo-European language.-Little is known about its origins, but it is believed to be one ofthe oldest languages in Europe being present before thearrival of Indo-European languages to thearea. Examples: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VIg7FichdRU&feature=related
WHO ARE THE BASQUE PEOPLE III? Food: Some typical dishes Bacalao al pil-pil ( salt cod) Talos (bread/tortilla with txistorra, chorizo) Txipirones (baby squid) Pintxos (similar to “tapas”) Idiazabal cheese (sheep milk) ………..AND MANY MORE!
HOW DID THE BASQUE END UP INNEVADA? Brief historical facts: Basque presence dates back to late16th Century Biggest Basque migration to the United States from 1880 to 1924 (Immigration Act).- Mainly employed in the sheep herding industry.- Migration to the American West.- After WWII, due to labor shortage, approval of private laws that allowed minor immigration. Life of sheepherders: Amerikanuak (Nacho Reig and Gorka Bilbao) http://vimeo.com/14320383
THE BASQUE LEGACY IN NEVADA Basque Hotels (Now also known as Basque Restaurants)-Origin: Boarding houses for Basque sheep herders appeared at the end of XIX century.-There are a couple in Reno:-Louis Basque Cornerhttp://louisbasquecorner.com/- Santa Fe
FAMOUS BASQUE NEVADANS Writers:- Robert Laxalt ( 1923-2001)Sweet Promised Land (1957)- Gregory Martin (1971- )Mountain City (2000)Politicians:-Paul Laxalt (1922 - )Former Nevada Governor and US SenatorEntrepreneurs:-John AscuagaBought the Nugget hotel and casino in 1960Son of Basque immigrant sheep herders
THE BASQUES IN RENO TODAY UNR Center for Basque Studieshttp://basque.unr.edu Basque Club in Reno „Zazpiak Bat‟http://www.facebook.com/pages/Zazpiak-Bat-Basque- Reno/279396398799753 BASQUE FESTIVALS:-Elko-Reno-Carson Cityhttp://www.elkobasque.com/festivalinfo.html
A BASQUE FESTIVAL Go over program that usually includes:1) Food2)Danceshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W3iG5kJWg94Oinkari dantza taldea in Boise, Idaho3) Songs (Zazpiak Bat songs book)4)Traditional sportshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kgP_CQc01sYAND MORE….