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Physical fitness


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Physical fitness

  1. 1. PHYSICAL FITNESS 1st ESO 1st Term
  2. 2. PHYSICAL FITNESS WARM UP – What is it? – Benefits – Parts PHYSICAL FITNESS TRAINING  Endurance  Strength  Speed  Flexibility  Coordination, agility and balance
  3. 3. WARM UP  A warm up includes some series of exercises you do before physical activity.  For example, before playing an intense sport you can run slowly to warm your muscles and your heart. Warm ups must prepare the muscles for the activity.  Warm ups are specific to the sport or activity you practice.
  4. 4. Benefits of Warm ups  Protection against injuries  Better performance  Increase your body temperature.  Your joints move more efficiently  Oxygen in blood travels faster  Your muscles extend more and are more elastic  You react faster.
  5. 5. PARTS OF WARM UP  Small Run  Movements of your joints  Stretching of the main muscles
  6. 6. PHYSICAL FITNESS Being fit is a way of saying that a person eats well, practises physical activity and has a healthy weight. When you are fit, your body works well and feels good (you sleep well, don't feel tired...). You can be fit only if you have a good level of general fitness. STRENGTH CO-ORDINATION, AGILITY BALANCE ENDURANCE SPEED FLEXIBILITY FACTORS
  7. 7. Cardiovascular Endurance Endurance is important to this distance runner PULSE RATE  On the side of your neck  On the inside of the wrist  At the side of the forehead Cardiovascular endurance is the ability of the heart and lungs to supply the working muscles oxygen to carry on with physical movement.
  8. 8. Strenght Strength is the maximum force that a muscle or group of muscles can develop. There are different types of strength (static, dynamic and explosive). Most activities need a combination of the different types of strength.
  9. 9. Flexibility Flexibility is the range of movement around a joint. The main joints involved in flexibility are: – Shoulders and arms – Back – Hips – Legs
  10. 10. Speed or Velocity Speed is the ability to perform a movement or cover a distance in a short period of time. This baseball player needs speed to hit the ball quickly
  11. 11. Co-ordination, Agility, Balance  Co-ordination is the ability to use two or more body parts together.  Agility is a combination of flexibility and speed and the ability to change the position of the body quickly. Goalkeepers and gymnasts are good examples of people who have this ability.  Balance is the ability to keep upright when you are moving or standing still. It is essential for gymnasts to be able to maintain total balance.