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Bflat final

  1. 1. Ultimate Funk Grooves for Bb Instruments by Ben Tompsett 92 of the Funkiest Sax Riffs Known to Mankindisbn 1-882146-29-8 Front Cover Artwork: Jim Stubbington Published & Distributed exclusively by A.D.G. Productions 15517 Cordary Ave., Lawndale CA 90260 web site address http://www.adgproductions.com e mail adgordon@adgproductions.com copyright © 2006 A.D.G. Productions No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form, electronic or mechanical, without permission in writing from the copyright holder. Printed in Canada
  2. 2. Ultimate Funk Grooves for B b Saxophone 92 of the Funkiest Sax Riffs known to mankind FUNK A style of music born in themid sixties, that carries with itan unmistakable ‘attitude’. RIFF An integral part of funk music. A short repetitive musical idea, or phrase. > ABOUT THE BOOK Funk, and its infectious style, remains a popular part of the music we listen to today. Timeless recordings from artists such as James Brown, The Commodores, Stevie Wonder and many more, continue to enjoy massive popularity, and have had a major influence on contemporary music styles, such as Hip-Hop, Rap, and R n’ B. The Saxophone in Funk music, has its place not only in the Horn sections so often heard in this genre, but also as a dynamic solo instrument. This book contains 92 riffs that showcase the different ways in which the soloist can create a distinct Funk sound to their playing. The CD that comes with the book contains 31 different grooves that accompany 1
  3. 3. each of the riffs, and covers a wide range of different Funkstyles, from the mid-sixties to the present day. The book isintended for the musician who wants to practically developtheir playing style and improvisation technique in this genre.> IMPROVISATIONSuccessful improvisation in any style of music is aboutdeveloping, through playing, some form of pre-preparedmaterial. This can be in the form of a scale that works overa given groove/chord, or even some short musicalideas/phrases. The latter are commonly referred to as‘Riffs’, and make up much of the soloing and structuralmotifs that we hear in Funk music. Through playing andfurther developing the 92 riffs contained in this book, theinstrumentalist will gain a greater understanding of playingin this style, and can improve their soloing technique. 2
  4. 4. > GETTING STARTEDEach page of the notation covers 1 of the 31 groovesincluded on the CD, and contains anything from 1 to 4separate riffs that fit with the track.Each groove is recorded twice.  The first version has the saxophone playing the riff against the track, followed by the same number of bars just rhythm section, for the instrumentalist to copy the given riff. The saxophone then plays the next riff on that page, and so on.  The second version is an entire track of just the rhythm section. It is intended that the instrumentalist will start with the given riff, and use the extra space to develop further ideas.Whilst some of the riffs contained in the book are playableby beginners, the majority of the material is intended forthe intermediate to advanced player. It will be necessary,with some of the more complex riffs, to practise themthrough first before using the CD. 3
  5. 5. > THE NOTATION EXPLAINEDIn order to notate these riffs as precisely as possible withregards to ’feel’ and certain specialized techniques, somedifferent notation has been used in places.  ‘Ghost Notes’ The second note in the extract below is an example of a note that should be played as a ‘Ghost Note’. The best way to describe these notes is that they should be felt but not heard. Pass the fingers over the note, and allow it to sound lightly, or even not at all.  Alternative fingerings The purpose of the alternate fingering technique used in the book, is to add slight changes of tuning/timbre to repeated notes. A slightly different note head has been used to show when an alternative fingering should be applied – see the middle 16th. note of the group of 3 D’s in the example below. An extensive Saxophone fingering chart can be found online at the publishers website www.adgproductions.com. This chart covers standard, alternative, and even the altissimo fingerings required for some of the optional harmonics used in the book. 4
  6. 6. > FURTHER PRACTISEGetting out there and playing as part of a band is essentialfor getting the feeling of what Funk music is really about.In order to improve ones versatility as an instrumentalist,something that is vital for ensemble playing, the material inthis book covers all different keys and many different stylesof grooves at varied tempos. Each riff has been specificallywritten for one of the 31 Grooves, but part of the furtherdevelopment of this material should be the practice ofadapting them over the other tracks on the CD. This will insome cases involve transposition and adaptation of the riffsto make them work over the given chords/key/style, but willprove an invaluable exercise in preparing oneself for playingin a band environment, either as a soloist or section member.> BONUS MATERIAL6 Additional Grooves and 17 extra Riffs, that we were notable to include in the book, are available for free downloadin mp3 and pdf format from, www.adgproductions.com.Please enter ADG098, or the title of the book, in the searchengine of the website. 5
  7. 7. > RELATED LISTENINGBelow is a list of some of the Grooves included in the book, each with a relatedArtist/Band for further listening.Groove 1 CD TRACKS 1 & 2 Page 8 The MetersGroove 2 CD TRACKS 3 & 4 Page 9 Ben E. KingGroove 3 CD TRACKS 5 & 6 Page 10 Marvin GayeGroove 4 CD TRACKS 7 & 8 Page 11 The J.B.’sGroove 5 CD TRACKS 9 & 10 Page 12 James BrownGroove 6 CD TRACKS 11 &12 Page 13 The CrusadersGroove 7 CD TRACKS 13 & 14 Page 14 FunkadelicGroove 8 CD TRACKS 15 & 16 Page 15 Isaac HayesGroove 9 CD TRACKS 17 & 18 Page 16 Michael BreckerGroove 10 CD TRACKS 19 & 20 Page 17 Ohio PlayersGroove 11 CD TRACKS 21 & 22 Page 18 Tower of PowerGroove 12 CD TRACKS 23 & 24 Page 19 Herbie HancockGroove 14 CD TRACKS 27 & 28 Page 21 Junior Walker & The AllstarsGroove 16 CD TRACKS 31 & 32 Page 23 Evelyn ‘Champagne’ KingGroove 17 CD TRACKS 33 & 34 Page 24 Brothers JohnsonGroove 19 CD TRACKS 37 & 38 Page 26 Sly & the Family StoneGroove 21 CD TRACKS 41 & 42 Page 28 PrinceGroove 22 CD TRACKS 43 & 44 Page 29 The Average White BandGroove 24 CD TRACKS 47 & 48 Page 31 ParliamentGroove 25 CD TRACKS 49 & 50 Page 32 Maceo ParkerGroove 26 CD TRACKS 51 & 52 Page 33 Hamilton BohannonGroove 27 CD TRACKS 53 & 54 Page 34 Rik JamesGroove 28 CD TRACKS 55 & 56 Page 35 Roy AyersGroove 29 CD TRACKS 57 & 58 Page 36 Curtis Mayfield 6
  8. 8. > ABOUT THE AUTHORCard Design by Tony MasterantonioSaxophonist, Ben Tompsett is a performer andteacher who has extensive experience of Funkmusic from across the years. Visit his websitefor current information on latest projects,albums, and live performances –www.btompsett.com> CREDITSUltimate Funk Grooves for Saxophone – all material written and arrangedby Ben TompsettSaxophones, Keyboards and programming – Ben TompsettGuitars – Mike RossBass – Dave Baxter, Mike PrattRecorded and Mixed by Ben Tompsett 7
  9. 9. Groove #1 q = 106 Funk Riff #1Track 1 + Sax C7     Track 2 - Sax                                Groove #1Track 1 + Sax q = 106 C7 Funk Riff #2                               Track 2 - Sax                                Groove #1 q = 106 Funk Riff #3    Track 1 + Sax C7                  Track 2 - Sax                              8
  10. 10. Funk Riff #4Groove #2 Funky Shuffle q = 90   Track 3 + Sax Gm7 C9 Gm7     C9Track 4 - Sax         Funk Riff #5Groove #2 q = 90 Funky Shuffle   Track 3 + Sax C9     Gm7Track 4 - Sax                   C9         Gm7           Funk Riff #6 Funky ShuffleGroove #2 q = 90 Gm7 C9 3Track 3 + Sax                 Track 4 - Sax      Gm7 C9                9
  11. 11. Funk Riff #7Groove #3 Funky Shuffle q = 108Track 5 + Sax Dm9                        Track 6 - Sax                   Funk Riff #8Groove #3 q = 108 Funky ShuffleTrack 5 + SaxTrack 6 - Sax      Gm7                    Dm9                     Funk Riff #9Groove #3 q = 108 Dm9 Funky ShuffleTrack 5 + Sax         Track 6 - Sax                               3 10
  12. 12. Funk Riff #10 Funky ShuffleGroove #4 q = 100Track 7 + Sax                  G9Track 8 - Sax                                          Funk Riff #11Groove #4 q = 100 Funky Shuffle Track 7 + Sax G9                      Track 8 - Sax                                   Funk Riff #12Groove #4 q = 100 Funky Shuffle G9                           Track 7 + SaxTrack 8 - Sax                         11
  13. 13. Groove #5 q = 98 Funk Riff #13Track 9 + Sax   E7#9                          Track 10 - Sax                                    Groove #5 q = 98 Funk Riff #14Track 9 + Sax E7#9Track 10 - Sax                                                 Groove #5 q = 98 Funk Riff #15 E7#9  Track 9 + SaxTrack 10 - Sax                                                        3 12
  14. 14. Funk Riff #16Groove #6 q = 148              A7#9 D7 A7#9 D7                Track 11 + Sax    Track 12 - Sax    F7  E7#9  A7#9 E7#9                           GrowlGroove #6 q = 148 Funk Riff #17     Track 11 + Sax A7#9 D7 A7#9               Track 12 - Sax                         D7      F7                   E7#9 A7#9  E7#9                    Groove #6 q = 148 Funk Riff #18Track 11 + Sax A7#9              A7#9 D7 D7Track 12 - Sax                         F7 3 A7#9 E7#9 E7#9                            13
  15. 15. Funk Riff #19Groove #7 q = 86 Funky ShuffleTrack 13 + Sax G#m7   Track 14 - Sax                     E13                                  Funk Riff #20Groove #7 q = 86 G#m7 Funky Shuffle                   Track 13 + Sax Track 14 - Sax    E13                           3 3Groove #7 q = 86 Funk Riff #21 G#m7 Funky ShuffleTrack 13 + Sax      Growl         Track 14 - Sax         fp E13                         14
  16. 16. Groove #8 q = 102 Funk Riff #22Track 15 + Sax Cm9     Track 16 - Sax                 3                         Groove #8 q = 102 Funk Riff #23Track 15 + Sax  Cm9        Track 16 - Sax                          Groove #8 q = 102 Funk Riff #24Track 15 + Sax                    Cm9 Track 16 - Sax              3 3                          3 3 3 15
  17. 17. Groove #9 q = 126 Funk Riff #25Track 17 + Sax Bm7                      Track 18 - Sax      E/B           3              Groove #9 q = 126 Funk Riff #26Track 17 + Sax Bm7Track 18 - Sax                         E/B            fpGroove #9 q = 126 Funk Riff #27  Bm7Track 17 + Sax               Track 18 - Sax    E/B                            16
  18. 18. Funk Riff #28Groove #10 q = 94 Funky ShuffleTrack 19 + Sax         D7#913Track 20 - Sax                               Funk Riff #29 Groove #10 q = 94 D7#913 Funky ShuffleTrack 19 + Sax                     3      Track 20 - Sax                          3       Funk Riff #30 Funky ShuffleGroove #10 q = 94 D7#913Track 19 + Sax                             Track 20 - Sax                                 17
  19. 19. Funk Riff #31Groove #11 q = 111Track 21 + Sax                  Em713     Track 22 - Sax                         Groove #11 q = 111 Funk Riff #32                            Track 21 + Sax A7susTrack 22 - Sax                                Groove #11 q = 111 Funk Riff #33Track 21 + Sax A7sus            Track 22 - Sax              fp                           Groove #11 q = 111 Funk Riff# 34Track 21 + Sax Em713  Track 22 - Sax                          3       3              18
  20. 20. Funk Riff #35Groove #12 q = 95 F#m7               Track 23 + SaxTrack 24 - Sax              3         3 F#m9 A,7/B Gm7/C G13                                 Groove #12 q = 95 Funk Riff #36Track 23 + Sax F#m7        Track 24 - Sax                            F#m9 A,7/B Gm7/C G13                          Groove #12 q = 95 F#m7 Funk Riff #37  Track 23 + Sax                     Track 24 - Sax    F#m9 A,7/B Gm7/C G13                             3      19
  21. 21. Groove #13 q = 120 Funk Riff #38Track 25 + Sax Bm9     Bm9 E7/B                  Track 26 - Sax    Groove #13 q = 120 Funk Riff #39Track 25 + Sax  Bm9    E7/B    Track 26 - Sax             Bm9                          mpGroove #13 q = 120 Funk Riff #40      Track 25 + Sax Bm9 E7/B               Track 26 - Sax                            Bm9       20
  22. 22. Funk Riff #41Groove #14 q = 108 A7 D/A A7Track 27 + Sax         Track 28 - Sax            A7 D/A A7          Growl             Groove #14 q = 108 Funk Riff #42 A7 D/A A7 Track 27 + SaxTrack 28 - Sax                         A7 D/A A7              Funk Riff #43Groove #14 q = 108 A7 D/A A7          Track 27 + SaxTrack 28 - Sax               3 A7 D/A A7                 21
  23. 23. Funk Riff #44Groove #15 q = 96 Funky ShuffleTrack 29 + Sax F#m713                          Track 30 - Sax                              3 3 Funk Riff #45Groove #15 q = 96 Funky Shuffle            Track 29 + Sax F#m713               Track 30 - Sax      3                            Funk Riff #46 Funky Shuffle Groove #15 q = 96Track 29 + Sax  F#m713               Track 30 - Sax                  3                          22
  24. 24. Groove #16 q = 130 Funk Riff #47Track 31 + Sax  Bm9        A2  G,9 Track 32 - Sax                            E/F#                      Funk Riff #48Groove #16 q = 130 Bm9  A2 G,9Track 31 + Sax              Track 32 - Sax                    E/F#                           Funk Riff #49 opt.               Groove #16 q = 130 Bm9 A2 G,9Track 31 + SaxTrack 32 - Sax                        3 3 3   E/F#                       23
  25. 25. Funk Riff #50Groove #17 q = 114Track 33 + Sax F#m7   B/F#      Track 34 - Sax               F#m7            Funk Riff #51 Groove #17 q = 114 F#m7 B/F#  Track 33 + Sax             Track 34 - Sax            F#m7                     Groove #17 q = 114 Funk Riff #52 Track 33 + Sax F#m7 B/F#                   Track 34 - Sax     F#m7                           24
  26. 26. Funk Riff #53 Blues SwingGroove #18 q = 85Track 35 + Sax      A7#9       Track 36 - Sax        3  3       3                   3 D7     3   3        3 3                 3 3 A7#9   3            3    3 E7#9 D7 3       3                              3 3 3 3 A7#9           25
  27. 27. Groove #19 Funk Riff #54 q = 109     Track 37 + Sax     Gm713          Track 38 - Sax                                Groove #19 q = 109 Funk Riff #55        Track 37 + Sax Gm713              Track 38 - Sax                                                 Groove #19 q = 109 Gm713 Funk Riff #56Track 37 + Sax                  slight shuffle Track 38 - Sax       pp                             26
  28. 28. Funk Riff #57Groove #20 q = 100  C7         Track 39 + Sax G7#9Track 40 - Sax               Eb7#9 D7#9 G7                        Groove #20 q = 100 Funk Riff #58Track 39 + Sax G7#9 C7Track 40 - Sax                                        Eb7#9 D7#9 G7                          Funk Riff #59   Groove #20 q = 100Track 39 + SaxTrack 40 - Sax G7#9          C7                 Eb7#9 D7#9 G7                      27
  29. 29. Funk Riff #60Groove #21 q = 115 Ab7sus                         Track 41 + Sax       Track 42 - Sax    Groove #21 q = 115 Funk Riff #61  Ab7sus         Track 41 + Sax      Track 42 - Sax                             Groove #21 q = 115 Funk Riff #62 Ab7susTrack 41 + Sax                              Track 42 - Sax                             28
  30. 30. Groove #22 q = 98 Funk Riff #63  Track 43 + Sax F#7sus4                Track 44 - Sax       A/B Bb/C  B/C#    G/A Ab/Bb                 Groove #22 q = 98 Funk Riff #64 F#7sus4                      Track 43 + SaxTrack 44 - Sax         G/A Ab/Bb A/B  Bb/C B/C#                                 Groove #22 q = 98 F#7sus4 Funk Riff #65Track 43 + Sax      Track 44 - Sax                                              G/A Ab/Bb A/B Bb/C B/C#                          29
  31. 31. Funk Riff #66Groove #23 q = 109         Track 45 + Sax Db7Track 46 - Sax                                           Groove #23 q = 109 Funk Riff #67Track 45 + Sax Db7                  Track 46 - Sax                                     Groove #23 Funk Riff #68 q = 109 Db7       Track 45 + Sax    Track 46 - Sax                                                     30
  32. 32. Funk Riff #69Groove #24 q = 90 Funky Shuffle D7sus   3Track 47 + Sax G13                   Track 48 - Sax      D7sus          G13                      Funk Riff #70Groove #24 q = 90 Funky ShuffleTrack 47 + Sax D7sus             G13                 Track 48 - Sax      3 opt. D7sus  G13                                 Funk Riff #71 Funky Shuffle          Groove #24 q = 90Track 47 + Sax   D7sus   G13    Track 48 - Sax                         D7sus G13                    31
  33. 33. Groove #25 q = 100 Funk Riff #72Track 49 + Sax E7susTrack 50 - Sax                                                                                       Groove #25 q = 100 Funk Riff #73                   E7sus      Track 49 + Sax          Track 50 - Sax                                           Funk Riff #74   Groove #25 q = 100 E7sus            Track 49 + SaxTrack 50 - Sax                                                                              32
  34. 34. Groove #26 q = 102 Funk Riff #75Track 51 + Sax Am7Track 52 - Sax                C D Am7 C D                Funk Riff #76 Groove #26 q = 102Track 51 + Sax Am7 C D      Track 52 - Sax                    Am7 C D                         Groove #26 Funk Riff #77 q = 102 Am7  Track 51 + Sax C D                 Track 52 - Sax    Am7 C D                     33
  35. 35. Groove #27 q = 110 Funk Riff #78Track 53 + Sax    C#m713Track 54 - Sax                            E7    F#7                                 3Groove #27 q = 110 Funk Riff #79  Track 53 + Sax C#m713Track 54 - Sax                        E7      F#7                        Groove #27 q = 110 Funk Riff #80Track 53 + Sax C#m713Track 54 - Sax                                  E7  F#7                            34

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