EL PASOSOLVING THE LANGUAGE BARRIER Team 3 Luis Medina Crystal Fernandez Richard Olsson Daniel Silva-LET THE CITY FLOURISH
COMMUNICATION IS EVERYTHING Imagine a world where you didn’t understandwhat anybody was trying to say to you,and where nobody understood what you weretrying to say to themI wouldn’t have time to rip my hair over theloss in efficiency,I would cry over the loss of living. -Unknown
IT ISN’T A SECRET El Paso is, as we know, the home for a numerousamount of Spanish speaking families, among manynot speaking English. Those people face obstacles that are difficult to overcome without help.
HUMANITY, SPECIFICALLY IN CITIES, LIVE ANDPROGRESS THROUGH COMMUNICATION, WHICH OFCOURSE IS MOST IMPORTANT FOR OUREFFICIENCY- WE ARE ONLY A UNIT WITHFUNCTIONING COOPERATION
HOUSTON, WE HAVE A PROBLEM In El Paso, there is a lack of training and growth opportunities for non-English speaking citizens The bilingual education programs for children are not effective enough Racial profiling and discrimination occurs in the workplace because of the language barrier
WELL, IS IT REALLY A PROBLEM?Yes, because: Unemployment is high (As of May of 2012 the El Paso rate is 9.4%, ) Poverty (can be traced to lack of education and therefore to the lack of English speaking skills) -Science Daily Organization..not only unfair, but resulting in acity of unfulfilled potential - Economist
Take advantage of the culture instead of letting it become a burden Employers are looking for people who can speak both English and Spanish. A good example is the Medical Field.
ESL - PROGRAMSThe city of El Paso does provide for English as aSecond Language course work for school-agedchildren• Those can become much better• Adults and parents should be included too
ESL Those who get to the city after completing their high school education don’t have access to ESL programs in public schools. Quality isn’t where it should be, the programs have failed those eligible and neglects to give a chance to those who cannot be reached. "A number of studies have shown that bilingual education is effective, with children in well-designed programs acquiring academic English as well and often better than children in all-English programs" - P. Eisen, M. Seltzer, (2006).
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE? Research also by Stephen Krashen shows that bilingual education is simply the most effective method for fostering the acquisition of English. The immersion approach, in which children who are not proficient in English are placed in the same classroom as native English-speaking children, is not effective by itself, Krashen and other linguistics researchers maintain. Based on their research, they assert that the quality -- not the quantity -- of English-language exposure is the primary factor in language acquisition
We need to address the need for more ESL programs and evaluate and improve the ones that are already being provided. The research on bilingual education points out that it is far more effective for the language skills than media makes it look like. Maybe the bad reputation has lowered the enthusiasm for good quality
EMPLOYERS PROVIDING ESL PROGRAMS The government should also offer incentives to employers to encourage them to provide ESL programs for employees. The city council can fund those incentives for employers.
THERE ARE INSTRUCTIONS…A whole science of the teaching strategies can befound in Kathleen Flynn and Jane Hill’s:”English Language Learners: A growing population”athttp://www.mcrel.org/pdf/policybriefs/5052pi_pbenglishlanguagelearners.pdf
CONCLUSIONAs you now have seen, El Paso has a high percentage ofnon-English speakers. This affects individuals not only intheir personal life, but also in their professional. It iscertainly so, that employment opportunities dropsenormously with the inability to properly communicate withothers.The current efforts with the ESL programs can beimmensely improve. Not only are they not as effective asthey can be, but there is also the problem that they’remainly available for students in public schools and not forparents and other adults.To solve this, they should be focused on, most importantlyto increase the quality according to research. Theprograms should increase availability to non-students.Employers should be supported in offering ESL programsto employees, which is an easy thing with funding.
REFERENCESScience Daily OrganizationP. Eisen, M. Seltzer, (2006).“Improving Workplace Opportunities for LimitedEnglish-Speaking Workers. ..” http://www.jff.org/sites/default/files/ImprovWplaceELL.pdfS. Krashen (Education world)http://www.educationworld.com/a_curr/curr049.shtmlK. Flynn, J. Hill”English Language Learners: A growing population”http://www.mcrel.org/pdf/policybriefs/5052pi_pbenglishlanguagelearners.pdf