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The Global Crop Diversity Trust and the Vavilov Institure


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The Global Crop Diversity Trust and the Vavilov Institure

  1. 1. Building a Global System for PGRFA -- Together The Global Crop Diversity Trust and VIR
  2. 3. Birth of the Trust <ul><li>Established under international law Oct. 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Jointly founded by FAO and Bioversity (on behalf of CGIAR) </li></ul><ul><li>Endowment fund </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fund at $110 mill  long-term grants ($1.8 mill/year) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>+ project funds (e.g. Gates Foundation) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Essential element of funding strategy of ITPGRFA </li></ul><ul><li>Technical framework is Global Plan of Action </li></ul>
  3. 4. The vision <ul><li>A rational global system </li></ul><ul><li>for the efficient and effective </li></ul><ul><li>ex situ conservation and use </li></ul><ul><li>of PGRFA </li></ul>
  4. 5. Conservation Use Svalbard Global Seed Vault Safety backup Long-term collections (e.g. CG Centres, regional genebanks etc.) National genebanks Breeding/working collections Farmers
  5. 6. Building a global system <ul><li>Regenerating accessions at risk in priority collections </li></ul><ul><ul><li>22 crops, 67 countries, 101 institutes, 81,000 accessions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>identified by experts, regional networks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>multilingual regeneration guidelines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Duplication in Svalbard Global Seed Vault </li></ul><ul><ul><li>from the regeneration projects on seed crops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in-trust seed collections held by CGIAR Centres </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VIR and others </li></ul></ul>
  6. 8. Building a global system cont. <ul><li>Information and information systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>data management system for genebanks -- GRIN-Global </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>global portal for searching collections, worldwide -- Genesys </li></ul></ul>
  7. 10. Partnership with VIR - 1 <ul><li>Regeneration, characterization, documentation of legume and forage crops (pea, faba bean, bean, lentil, chickpea, cowpea, forages) 2005-2009 – $229,405 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regenerated 3,022 legume and 6,779 forage accessions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“… allowed VIR to regenerate a part of forage and grain legume accessions with critically low germinating ability and to put fresh seed for long- and medium-term storage. Besides, the Project facilitated repatriation of a part of accessions to the republics of the former USSR. These accessions were regenerated in the countries they originate from and should enrich national PGR collections.” </li></ul>
  8. 12. Partnership with VIR - 2 <ul><li>Regeneration, characterization and safety duplication of unique, endangered accessions of wheat, barley, maize, sorghum, bean, grasspea, cowpea, faba bean, chickpea, lentil & potato 2009-2011 – $250,000 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regenerated 4,591 accessions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plan to send 2,000 accessions to Svalbard in June 2011 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deposited 945 accessions at opening of Svalbard, February 2008 </li></ul></ul>
  9. 13. Partnership with VIR - 3 <ul><li>Information systems upgrading 2011-2012 – $181,200 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hardware </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Genebank management software and training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Translate and digitize 90 catalogues (and field journals) of cereal, legume, forages, oil crops and fruits </li></ul></ul>
  10. 14. How to be a good global citizen <ul><li>Ratify the ITPGRFA </li></ul><ul><li>Share data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NISM (FAO) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Genesys (via Eurisco) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Collaborate at national, regional level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coordinated national programme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>European network – ECP/GR </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Safety duplicate (including at Svalbard) </li></ul><ul><li>Communicate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One of the lessons of Pavlovsk... </li></ul></ul>
  11. 15. Спасибо