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Genebank training needs


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Genebank training needs

  1. 1. What should genebank managers be knowledgeable about? (or, how can they know what they don’t know, and do something about it) Some international perspectives
  2. 2. • What’s been done in the past? • What’s out there now? • What do the international instruments say? • What’s in the literature? • The wisdom of the crowd • Some final general suggestions Contents
  3. 3. “I would like to be remembered for establishing a functioning, well-organized and documented genebank. But I think the people who carry on after me will be the legacy that I leave behind.” Jean Hanson, ILRI
  4. 4. 1. The pioneers: U Birmingham course • impact-of-the-university-of-birmingham/ • SADC connection: SPGRC, UNZA • U London distance learning course 2. The IPGRI contribution • Regionalization (Africa, Asia, Latin America hubs) • Generalization (curriculum, materials) 3. The last (MSc) course standing? • UPLB History 4
  5. 5. UPLB, The Philippines UPM, Spain U. Saskatchewan, Canada UNALM, Mexico recursos-geneticos CGN, The Netherlands Existing courses (selected) 5
  6. 6. Bioversity Genebank Platform (ex CGKB) Millennium Seed Bank, Kew FAO International Treaty Int. Society for Biological & Environmental Repositories Existing training resources (selected) 6
  7. 7. • 18 Priority Areas, of which one is… • 17. “Building and strengthening human capacity” International instruments: 2nd SoW & GPA
  8. 8. Bottlenecks in the PGRFA use system Kell, S., Marino, M. & Maxted, N. Euphytica (2017) 213: 170. 1. Policy 2. Genotyping 3. Markets for landraces 4. Participatory breeding 5. Conservation planning 6. Data management 7. PPP in plant breeding 8. Conservation techniques
  9. 9. IT revolution: challenges & opportunities Plant genetic resources for food and agriculture: opportunities and challenges emerging from the science and information technology revolution. New Phytologist (2018) 217:1407–1419 doi:10.1111/nph.14993
  10. 10. • Debouck (CIAT): Dealing with the media  Including social media  • Ellis (CIP): Navigating policy environment  Only getting more complex • Sackville Hamilton (IRRI): How to get out of “genebank database hell”  GRIN-Global  DOIs  Metadata for char/eval Neglected areas: retiring CG genebank managers
  11. 11. • Genetic resources policy • Taxonomy • Extinction: genes, varieties, knowledge, wisdom • Seed physiology – including seed development, aging, vigour  Knowledge of and disseminating information on strategies for germinating older seed  Conservation of recalcitrant species • Incentives: commercialization of adaptive local varieties • Linking crop diversity management and climate change Other neglected areas: crowdsourcing • Financial management  The economics of genetically efficient genetic resource curation • Strategic partnerships • Traditional knowledge • A good control of what is in their collection and the status of each accession  Sample and lot tracking  Maintaining genetic integrity  Seed banks vs. gene banks: What’s the unit of conservation and what are the biologically and economically justifiable thresholds for keeping genetically similar accessions? • Disease testing and seed treatments for seed import and distribution • Valuation of PGR in genebanks
  12. 12. • Counteract trend towards specialization • Don’t stop at conservation (use, impact etc) • Plan for different audiences, levels, length of course Modularity Flexibility Use cases • Build around quality management GOAL • Factor in mentorship • Remember other languages Some final thoughts