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Parts of a Sentence

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Parts of a Sentence

  1. 1. FOUR TYPES OF SENTENCES <ul><li>DECLARATIVE SENTENCE </li></ul><ul><li>IMPERATIVE SENTENCES </li></ul><ul><li>INTERROGATIVE SENTENCE </li></ul><ul><li>EXCLAMATORY </li></ul><ul><li>SENTENCE </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>A declarative sentence makes a statement. </li></ul><ul><li>It is punctuated by a period. </li></ul>Declarative Example: The dog in the neighbor’s yard is barking.
  3. 3. <ul><li>An Imperative Sentence is a command or polite request. </li></ul><ul><li>It ends in a period or exclamation mark. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Close the door. </li></ul><ul><li>(command) </li></ul><ul><li>Please be quiet. </li></ul><ul><li>(polite request) </li></ul>Imperative
  4. 4. <ul><li>An exclamatory sentence expresses great emotion or excitement. </li></ul><ul><li>It ends in an exclamation mark. (!) </li></ul>Exclamatory Example: The house is on fire!
  5. 5. Interrogative An interrogative sentence asks a question . It ends in a ? mark. Example: Is it raining?
  6. 6. PARTS OF A SENTENCE
  7. 7. <ul><li>A SENTENCE is a word or word group that contains a subject and a verb and that expresses a complete thought. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. The students / are </li></ul><ul><li>studying. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>A SENTENCE is comprised of a complete subject and a complete predicate. </li></ul><ul><li>* The simple subject is always found in the complete subject. </li></ul><ul><li>*The verb is always found in the complete predicate. </li></ul><ul><li>*The simple subject may be a noun or a pronoun. </li></ul><ul><li>*The verb may be LV or AV. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>The complete subject is the noun/pronoun and all its modifiers. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>S </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Ex. Entrance Tests (in </li></ul><ul><li>College) require </li></ul><ul><li>preparation. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>The complete predicate is the verb, its modifiers and complements, if any. </li></ul><ul><li>It often begins with the verb. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> LV </li></ul><ul><li>Exams (in our school) are a real experience (for everyone). </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>When looking for the parts of a sentence, follow these steps: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Look for and place parentheses around </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prepositional phrases because neither the simple subject nor simple predicate can be in a prep phrase. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Find the verb—AV or LV. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To find the subject, ask “ who/what ” and repeat the verb. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Example S LV College Entrance Tests are a real experience (for everyone.) </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>S S S S LV </li></ul><ul><li>Amanda, Eddie, Peter, and Michael are </li></ul><ul><li> PA AV DO </li></ul><ul><li>always extremely quiet but love English. </li></ul><ul><li>The complete subject of both verbs </li></ul><ul><li>(are and love) is Amanda, Eddie, Peter, and Michael. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>When identifying the verb, you must </li></ul><ul><li>include the helping verb(s), or your answer will be considered wrong. </li></ul><ul><li> S HV HV AV </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: All students have been studying </li></ul><ul><li>AV </li></ul><ul><li>and preparing (for exams). </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Did Juan finish his chores?” </li></ul>( Interrogative sentence ) (Subject: Did Juan / Predicate: finish his chores ?)
  15. 15. <ul><li>&quot;Sam and Adam played football.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>( Declarative sentence ) </li></ul>(Subject: Sam and Adam / played football. Predicate: played football)
  16. 16. <ul><li>&quot;Charlie, stop that now!&quot; </li></ul>Imperative Sentence S P Charlie / stop that now!
  17. 17. <ul><li>Brilliant, you solved the puzzle! </li></ul>Subject: Brilliant, you/ Predicate: solved the puzzle ! Exclamatory Sentence
  18. 18. <ul><li>_______ 1. Ugh, I can’t figure this math problem! </li></ul><ul><li>_______ 2. Mari carry your bag properly! </li></ul><ul><li>_______ 3. Where do you work? </li></ul><ul><li>_______ 4. Our team won the championship! </li></ul><ul><li>_______ 5. Mario plays the piano. </li></ul><ul><li>_______ 6. Are you going to buy this bag? </li></ul><ul><li>_______ 7. I simply adore you! </li></ul><ul><li>_______ 8. I like to play computer games. </li></ul><ul><li>_______ 9. I won the lottery! </li></ul><ul><li>_______10. Do you like to play Tennis? </li></ul><ul><li>_______11. Chris, clean your room. </li></ul>Exercise 1- Underline the complete subject and box the complete predicate. In the blank spaces provided before each number, write D for Declarative, IM for Imperative, IN for Interrogative and EX for Exclamatory.

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