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  1. 1. The Thames<br />Evelyn Kurg<br />April 2011<br />KehtnaPõhikool<br /><br />
  2. 2. Facts about the Thames<br />It flows through many towns: Lechlade, Oxford, Abingdon, Reading, Henley on Thames, Marlow, Maidenhead, Windsor, Staines, Walton on Thames, London, Southend etc<br />Lenght: 346km (215 miles)<br />The Thames is the 2nd longest river in the UK (The Severn is 354km)<br />The river is tidal <br />with a rise and <br />fall of 7 metres<br /><br />
  3. 3. The source of the River Thames, the Thames Head<br />
  4. 4. The Statue of Old Father Thames at Lechalade <br />
  5. 5. The Thames Flood Barrier<br />The Thames Barrier is the world's second largest movable flood barrier (after the Oosterscheldekering in the Netherlands ) and is located downstream of central London. <br />Its purpose is to prevent London from being flooded by exceptionally high tides and storm surges moving up from the sea.<br />It was officially opened in 1984 by Queen Elizabet II. <br />
  6. 6. London Bridges (for crossing the River Thames)<br /><br />
  7. 7. London Bridge<br />The oldest bridge in London<br />Originally it was made from wood<br />In 1209 it was replaced by a stone bridge<br />This was followed by a granite bridge in 1831, and the present concrete bridge in 1973.<br />
  8. 8. Tower Bridge <br />Tower Bridge has stood over the River Thames in London since 1894 and is one of the finest, most recognisable bridges in the World. Tower Bridge is the only Thames bridge which can be raised. <br />Its middle section can be raised to permit large vessels to pass the Tower Bridge. Massive engines raise the bridge sections, which weigh about 1,000 tons each, in just over a minute. It used to be raised about 50 times a day, but nowadays it is only raised 4 to 5 times a week.<br />Tower Bridge is 60 meters long with towers that rise to a height of 43 meters. <br />
  9. 9. The Millennium Bridge<br />The Millennium bridge is a pedestrian bridge erected to connect the Tate Modern Art Gallery to the City and St Paul's Cathedral. Almost immediately after opening the bridge had to be shut because of dangerous swaying. It has now been reopened. <br />The Millennium bridge is about 320 metres, costs 16 million pounds to build and only takes pedestrians. <br />
  10. 10. The Hungerford Bridge<br />
  11. 11. Southwark Bridge<br />Southwark Bridge is a road-bridge linking Southwark and the City. It was designed by Ernest George and Basil Mott and opened in 1921.<br />
  12. 12. Blackfriars Railway Bridge<br />Blackfriars Railway Bridge is a railway bridge crossing the River Thames between Blackfriars Bridge and the Millennium Bridge.<br />
  13. 13. Westminster Bridge<br />Westminster Bridge is a road and foot traffic bridge between Westminster and Lambeth. The current Westminster Bridge was opened in 1862 to replace an earlier bridge which dated from 1750. <br />
  14. 14. Albert Bridge (in West London, connecting Chelsea with Battersea)<br />
  15. 15. Sights on the banks of the River Thames<br />Oxford (Famous for the University of Oxford, punting, )<br />Maidenhead ( Maidenhead Rowing Club)<br />Windsor ( Windsor Castle)<br />London (St Paul’ s Cathedral, The Tate Gallery of Modern Art, The Aquarium, The Tower of London, The London Eye, The Houses of Parliament, The Globe, the Canary Wharf, Greenwich)<br />
  16. 16. OXFORD (the university library called the Camera) <br />
  17. 17. The University of Oxford<br /><br />
  18. 18. Punting in Oxford<br />
  19. 19. Maidenhead<br />
  20. 20. Rowing Museum in Henley<br />
  21. 21. WINDSOR <br />Windsor Castle is a medieval castle and royal residence, notable for its long association with the British royal family and its architecture. The original castle was built after the Norman invasion by William the Conqueror and since the time of Henry I it has been used by a succession of monarchs; it is the longest-occupied palace in Europe. <br />The castle was used as the refuge for the royal family during the World War II bombings.<br />It survived a <br />fire in 1992. <br /><br />
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  23. 23. LONDON: The Tower of London<br />Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress, more commonly known as the Tower of London, is a historic castle. <br />Today the Tower of London is one of the country's most popular tourist attractions. It is cared for by the charity Historic Royal Palaces and is protected as a World Heritage Site. <br />
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  25. 25. The White Tower<br />The White is a central tower at the Tower of London. It was started in 1078 by William the Conqueror. <br />The White Tower is a massive construction, walls about 3.4-4.6metres thick. <br />Nowadays it homes the display of royal armouries, massive collection of weapons and historic instruments of torture. <br />
  26. 26. The smallest and the biggest armoury worn in history. (74cm and 205cm)<br />
  27. 27. The Ravens in the Tower of London has an important part to play in its history. The legend of the Ravens in the Tower of London is so important to the people of England that a number of ravens are kept at the Tower of London at the expense of the British government. Legend has it that failing to keep ravens at the Tower of London will mean the great White Tower will crumble and a terrible disaster shall befall England.<br />There are 7 ravens. Their wings are clipped to stop them flying away. <br />
  28. 28. The Tower Guards<br />The guards at the Tower of London are called Yeoman Warders, but are also known by their nickname Beefeaters. In principle they are responsible for looking after any prisoners at the Tower and safeguarding the British crown jewels, but in practice they act as tour guides and are a tourist attraction in their own right. There are 12 Yeomen Warders.<br />
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  30. 30. Why are they called Beefeaters?<br />The name Beefeater is likely to have originated from the time when the Yeomen Warders at the Tower were paid part of their salary with chunks of beef. This took place right up until the 1800s.<br />
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  38. 38. The Tate Gallery of Modern Art<br />
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  40. 40. The Globe<br />The original Shakepeare’s Globe was destroyed by fire in 1613.<br />The modern reconstruction was founded by the actor and director Sam Wanamaker and built approximately 230 metres from the site of the original theatre. <br />The theatre was opened to the public in 1997 with a production of Henry V.<br />
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  43. 43. The London Eye<br />The EDF Energy London Eye (commonly the London Eye, or Millennium Wheel, formerly the Merlin Entertainments London Eye and before that, the British Airways London Eye) is a giant 135-metre tall Ferris wheel. <br />visited by over 3.5 million people annually<br />It was formally opened by the then Prime Minister, Tony Blair, on 31 December 1999, although it was not opened to the public until 9 March 2000 because of technical problems.<br />
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  46. 46. Canary Wharf<br />Canary Wharf is a major business district. <br />It is one of London's two main financial centres, alongside the traditional City of London and contains many of the UK's tallest buildings. <br />Canary Wharf is located in the West India Docks which once formed the busiest port in the world. <br />
  47. 47.,_Canary_Wharf_from_Thames_2011-03-05.jpg<br />
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  52. 52. Greenwich<br /><br />
  53. 53. Greenwich time<br />
  54. 54. Rowing on the Thames<br />The event generally known as "The Boat Race" is a rowing race between the Oxford and the Cambridge University Boat Clubs.<br />2 teams of 8 rowers compete<br />Held each spring on the Thames in London. It takes place generally on the last Saturday of March or the first Saturday of April. <br />The formal title of the event is the Xchanging Boat Race, and it is also known as the University Boat Race and the Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race.<br />Members of both teams are traditionally known as blues, with Cambridge in light blue and Oxford dark blue. <br />The first race was in 1829 and it has been held annually since 1856, with the exception of the two world wars. <br />The most recent race was on Saturday, 26 March 2011 at 5.00pm with Oxford winning.<br />
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