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Bowles and Gintis
Schooling in Capitalist America (1976)
By the end of the lesson you should
be able to

Define the hidden curriculum.
List at least 3 ways school corresponds to w...
• Capitalism needs workers with a certain type of
attitude

Think of some adjectives to describe the perfect worker/
stude...
Why does capitalism need
obedience?
The Correspondence Principle
Bowles and Gintis argue that there are close parallels
between schooling and work in capitali...
The Correspondence Principle
School

Workplace

Fragmentation

Learning is fragmented into
different subjects

Division of labour: Work is
fragmented i...
Correspondence Principle
Operates through the HIDDEN CURRICULUM
Myth of Meritocracy
By the end of the lesson you should
be able to

Define the hidden curriculum.
List at least 3 ways school corresponds to w...
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Bowles and Gintis

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Bowles and Gintis

Correspondence principle

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Bowles and Gintis

  1. 1. Bowles and Gintis Schooling in Capitalist America (1976)
  2. 2. By the end of the lesson you should be able to Define the hidden curriculum. List at least 3 ways school corresponds to work. Explain the myth of meritocracy
  3. 3. • Capitalism needs workers with a certain type of attitude Think of some adjectives to describe the perfect worker/ student The role of education is to reproduce an obedient workforce, who believe inequality is inevitable.
  4. 4. Why does capitalism need obedience?
  5. 5. The Correspondence Principle Bowles and Gintis argue that there are close parallels between schooling and work in capitalist societies. Schooling takes place in the ‘long shadow of work.’ These parallels are what Bowles and Gintis refer to as examples of the ‘correspondence principle’.
  6. 6. The Correspondence Principle
  7. 7. School Workplace Fragmentation Learning is fragmented into different subjects Division of labour: Work is fragmented into repetitive meaningless tasks Levels of Education Streams, sets, year groups Levels of the work structure: - Low levels – close supervision - Higher levels – self-supervision, workers internalise firm’s goals Extrinsic Rewards Pupils work for grades / exam results, not out of interest in the subjects Workers work for wages not job satisfaction Alienation Pupils lack control over education – it is often boring and tedious Workers lack control over production – it is often boring and tedious Competition and Divisions Competition among pupils e.g. to come top! Divisions among work force (pay, status, skill) means no revolution Hierarchy Head teacher Teachers Older pupils Younger pupils Bosses supervisor Skilled worker unskilled
  8. 8. Correspondence Principle Operates through the HIDDEN CURRICULUM
  9. 9. Myth of Meritocracy
  10. 10. By the end of the lesson you should be able to Define the hidden curriculum. List at least 3 ways school corresponds to work. Explain the myth of meritocracy

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