Designing for cooks:
interactive instructions for
everyday use
Lucy Buykx
n

My research investigates how cooks engage and
interact with recipe instructions to inform the
design of interactive re...
Human-Food Interaction
n

Helping create the perfect recipe in the kitchen
n

CounterActive (Ju, Hurwitz, Judd & Lee 200...
not just cooking...
n

Shopping, meal planning
n

integrating persuasive & social media

n

healthy eating, local food,...
Initial studies with older adults
n

focus groups with 15

n

food diaries with 12
n

n

meals & shopping for
7 days
h...
Initial studies with younger adults

n

questionnaire & interviews
n

n

80% collected recipes
11% used interactive
tec...
Capturing Family Recipes for
digital sharing across generations

n

n

Lucy Buykx, Helen Petrie,
Paul Cairns
include 201...
n

Contribution is innovative technology in the
kitchen

n

Little theory behind claims

n

Low quality evaluations
n

Research questions:
n

What problems do cooks experience working
with recipes?

n

What factors cause problems?

n
...
Procedural instructions
n

n

n

step-by-step
little explanation of how
the system works
can be used without prior
know...
Recipe instruction set
n

title

n

list of ingredients

n

preparation instructions

n

method instructions

n

meta...
Guidelines for procedural instructions
for initial use (Ganier 2004)
n

“Segmented text... numbered steps rather than
par...
Experiments x 2
n

24 cooks, 3 recipes

n

2 experimental conditions + control

n

Videoed and analysed

n

n

Quanti...
Experiment 1

Experiment 2

Segmented instructions

Segmented instructions with
pictures

Integrated, chronological
instru...
Exp1: Segmented instructions
Exp1:
Integrated,
chronological
instructions
Integrated, chronological
Control
Results mixed
n
n

n

n

No timing differences or rating differences
Cooks disliked long paragraph steps AND
segmented...
Papers at
n

Cooking & Eating Activities workshop IEEE MM
CEA2011

n

Food & Interaction Design workshop CHI2012

n

Fo...
Experiment 2
n

Compared affect of
n

Segmented instructions with goal state pictures

n

Semantic structure with sub-g...
Segmented instructions with
goal-state pictures
n

Add the mince
and carrot, and
cook for about 8
minutes, stirring
all t...
n
n

n

Drain the pasta
Add the pasta to
the meat sauce
with a couple of
tablespoons of the
pasta water.
Mix well, saut...
Semantic structured recipe with sub-goals
Analysis ongoing
n

Structured recipe with sub-goals
n

n
n

rated easier to understand and better organised
than cont...
Conclusion
n

Instruction design can offer insights recipe design
n

n

But cooking is complex domain

Results show wer...
Future research
n

Robust prototype to test in-home

n

Investigate recipe designs to support deviations

n

Work with ...
Thesis seminar - Designing for cooks: interactive recipes for everyday use
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Thesis seminar - Designing for cooks: interactive recipes for everyday use

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Presented August 2012 at UoY

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Thesis seminar - Designing for cooks: interactive recipes for everyday use

  1. 1. Designing for cooks: interactive instructions for everyday use Lucy Buykx
  2. 2. n My research investigates how cooks engage and interact with recipe instructions to inform the design of interactive recipe systems
  3. 3. Human-Food Interaction n Helping create the perfect recipe in the kitchen n CounterActive (Ju, Hurwitz, Judd & Lee 2001) n Augmented Reality Kitchen(Bonanni, Lee & Selker 2005) n Kitchen of the Future (Siio, Hamada, Mima 2005) n PersonalChef (Mennicken, Karrer, Russell, Borchers 2010) n panavi (Uriu, Namai, Tokuhisa, Kashiwagi, Inami, Okude 2012)
  4. 4. not just cooking... n Shopping, meal planning n integrating persuasive & social media n healthy eating, local food, sustainability
  5. 5. Initial studies with older adults n focus groups with 15 n food diaries with 12 n n meals & shopping for 7 days home interviews
  6. 6. Initial studies with younger adults n questionnaire & interviews n n 80% collected recipes 11% used interactive technology
  7. 7. Capturing Family Recipes for digital sharing across generations n n Lucy Buykx, Helen Petrie, Paul Cairns include 2011, Helen Hamlyn Centre for Design
  8. 8. n Contribution is innovative technology in the kitchen n Little theory behind claims n Low quality evaluations
  9. 9. n Research questions: n What problems do cooks experience working with recipes? n What factors cause problems? n How can interactive design mitigate these?
  10. 10. Procedural instructions n n n step-by-step little explanation of how the system works can be used without prior knowledge
  11. 11. Recipe instruction set n title n list of ingredients n preparation instructions n method instructions n meta-data
  12. 12. Guidelines for procedural instructions for initial use (Ganier 2004) n “Segmented text... numbered steps rather than paragraphs” n “Chronological linear organisation” n “Use pictures together with text” n “Use headings fitting to goals or sub-goals”
  13. 13. Experiments x 2 n 24 cooks, 3 recipes n 2 experimental conditions + control n Videoed and analysed n n Quantitative measures: time to complete, reading time, cooks’ ratings Qualitative analysis: comments and feedback during cooking, problems, errors made
  14. 14. Experiment 1 Experiment 2 Segmented instructions Segmented instructions with pictures Integrated, chronological instructions Semantic structured recipe with sub-goals Control Control
  15. 15. Exp1: Segmented instructions
  16. 16. Exp1: Integrated, chronological instructions
  17. 17. Integrated, chronological Control
  18. 18. Results mixed n n n n No timing differences or rating differences Cooks disliked long paragraph steps AND segmented steps Cooks did not move linearly, needed to understand context Cooks did not follow instructions perfectly
  19. 19. Papers at n Cooking & Eating Activities workshop IEEE MM CEA2011 n Food & Interaction Design workshop CHI2012 n Food for thought workshop DIS2012
  20. 20. Experiment 2 n Compared affect of n Segmented instructions with goal state pictures n Semantic structure with sub-goals n against control
  21. 21. Segmented instructions with goal-state pictures n Add the mince and carrot, and cook for about 8 minutes, stirring all the time, until the meat is nearly cooked.
  22. 22. n n n Drain the pasta Add the pasta to the meat sauce with a couple of tablespoons of the pasta water. Mix well, sauté for a minute.
  23. 23. Semantic structured recipe with sub-goals
  24. 24. Analysis ongoing n Structured recipe with sub-goals n n n rated easier to understand and better organised than control fewer errors Reliance on pictures - impact on validity
  25. 25. Conclusion n Instruction design can offer insights recipe design n n But cooking is complex domain Results show were existing interactive recipe systems are not helpful ... can inform more sophisticated design
  26. 26. Future research n Robust prototype to test in-home n Investigate recipe designs to support deviations n Work with semantic researchers to create on-thefly transformations

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