HCI and Shepherd's Pie

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Literature review seminar presentation at 10 weeks into my PhD studies. This review presents a selection of ways in which researchers have tried to improve performance of cooks in the family kitchen and highlights the growing concern that this may be missing the joy, creativity and social importance of cooking in our lives.

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  • My funding is for a White Rose project focusing on older adults and the difficulties they might have in the kitchen.
  • Reading : HCI in the kitchen, Gerontology, Sociology
  • Help to make a cup of tea!
  • Explosion of literature in 00s, with availability of technology. Lots of cross pollination of ideas. Red boxes - CHI conferences, Int J HCI, others include Persuasive , AI, Ubi comp, HOIT.
    Question is - how much have they achieved? G&H - efficiency, inexperience, nutrition, distraction
  • Flavours of the research
  • The grandmummy of them all
  • Cooks need to step through a process, with photo and video support all the way
  • Assumed that easy to create action units - ignore cook’s skill & judgement in when potatoes are done
  • Assumed that easy to create action units - ignore cook’s skill & judgement in when potatoes are done
  • Tran, Calcaterra, Mynatt at Georgia Institute of Technology.
  • Even with simple recipe, the phone ringing etc, lose track of where you are
  • Scary recipe - 29 scoops sugar, 2/3 scoops OJ, 2/3 scoops water, 5 scoops lemonade powder etc.
  • Assume cooking is simplistic approach. Various memory strategies - organise ingredients - but what about mise en place?
  • Lagomarsino - kitchen album - audio and video between friends and family
  • Lagomarsino - kitchen album - audio and video between friends and family
  • HCI and Shepherd's Pie

    1. 1. HCI and Shepherd’s Pie http://www.flickr.com/photos/rilmara/3377798391/
    2. 2. Shepherd’s Pie • Traditional, very popular*, recognisable • Simple concept • Surprisingly complex to make * not with everyone
    3. 3. From many fields of computer science • HCI • Ubi-comp • AI • Multi-media • Persuasive technology • Technology designers • Robotics
    4. 4. Nakauchi & Fukuda 2005 Intelligent Kitchen
    5. 5. Recipe support citation tree*
    6. 6. Recipe support citation tree* *shrub?
    7. 7. Key papers
    8. 8. counterActive • Ju, Howitz, Judd, Lee at MIT • 2 page extended abstract at CHI ’01 50+ citations • Cookbook projected onto the counter
    9. 9. Supporting inexperience
    10. 10. Cooking Navi • Hamada and Okabe et.al., Tokyo • Multi Media ’05, 20+ citations • Recipes are complex constructions of “Action Units” • Cook’s challenge is to complete multiple recipes at the same time
    11. 11. recipes in parallel
    12. 12. recipes in parallel system schematic
    13. 13. recipes in parallel system schematic cooking display
    14. 14. Cooking aid for cognitive disorder • Miyawaki & Sano, Osaka • Multimedia for Cooking and Eating ’09 • Interactive cooking aid • Case study with young woman with aphasia
    15. 15. Supporting distractions
    16. 16. Cook’s Collage • Tran, Calcaterra and Mynatt, GIT • Home-Oriented Informatics and Telematics ʼ05 40+ citations • Kitchen is full of interruptions • Display of last 6 actions works as memory-aid
    17. 17. Multiple webcams capture activity
    18. 18. Multiple webcams capture activity Last 6 actions shown in comic strip style
    19. 19. Multiple testing cycles • 2002 social interruptions while adding ingredients • 2005 dual task + interruptions • 2005 compared learning of young and older adult over multiple sessions, dual task • 2007 multiple sessions built trust in system but only for younger adults
    20. 20. Supporting healthy cooking
    21. 21. Calorie-aware kitchen • Chi, Chen, Chu and Lo, Taiwan • Persuasive Technology ’08 • Kitchen augmented with scales • Wizard of Oz food identification • Feedback nutritional info to cook
    22. 22. As cook moves ingredients around, the display shows nutritional info
    23. 23. As cook moves ingredients around, the display shows nutritional info
    24. 24. Just playing with technology
    25. 25. Kitchen as GUI • Bonanni, Lee and Selker, MIT • Attention based design • 30+ citations • Kitchen becomes an immersive interface
    26. 26. Endogenic cueing - seen in field of view Exogenic cueing - outside of field of view bu related to object needed
    27. 27. Endogenic cueing - seen in field of view Exogenic cueing - outside of field of view bu related to object needed
    28. 28. Endogenic cueing - seen in field of view Exogenic cueing - outside of field of view bu related to object needed “Heat sink” indicates temperature of water
    29. 29. Celebratory Technology • Grimes and Harper, CHI 2008 • Research focuses on problems • Need for efficiency • Lack of experience • Lack of nutritional knowledge • Distractions
    30. 30. Supporting family connections
    31. 31. Terrenghi Living Cookbook Personal Ubiquitous Computing ’07
    32. 32. Terrenghi Living Cookbook Personal Ubiquitous Computing ’07 Record a recipe
    33. 33. Terrenghi Living Cookbook Personal Ubiquitous Computing ’07 Record a recipe Play back to learn a recipe
    34. 34. Preliminary thoughts • Using kitchen is another location for “digital artifacts” (Bell & Kaye 2002) • User centred research is lacking • Good kitchen practice absent • Very little support for older adults
    35. 35. The End http://www.flickr.com/photos/trinaaj/2014589841/ Bibliography www.users-cs.york.ac.uk/~buykx

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