Giovanni Battista Piranesi 1720 Italy - 1778 Italy ArchitectAlso encompassed thegraphic arts, archeology,interior design, politicaldebate, the decorative arts& the restoration ofclassical antiquities.
Life:- First 20 years of his life in Venice- Piranesi studied as an architect under his UncleMatteo Lucchesi.- In 1740 Giovanni over to Rome where he spentmost of his life, and developed his etching skills.Work:- Vedute di Rome.- Prima parte di architture e prospettive, 1943.- Le antichità romane. 1756, the antiquities ofRome- Della magnificenza ed architettura de Romani.1761 AND Il Campo Marzio dellantica Roma. 1762
Giovanni was influenced by:Family:- Andrea (Brother), who introduced him toLatin and ancient civilisation.- (Father), A stone mason and master builder.- Matteo Lucchesi (Uncle), Venetian engineerand specialized in excavation.Designers:- The tradition of typographical art representedby Canaletto (A italian landscape painter,printmaker, etcher)- Also Marco Ricci and Giovanni BattistaTiepolo (Both etchers)
Giovannis influence during his life:- “On Roman antiquity and exerted a majorinfluence on many of the leading architects anddesigners of European neoclassicism.”- In 1745 Giovanni influenced visiting artists,architects and patrons in Rome for thefollowing 4 decades. This allowed him to exert acritical influence on the development of Avant-garde British architecture.
From Le style Piranesi, époqueLouis XVI (The Piranesi style,Louis XVI period), by Édouard Rouveyre,Paris, circa 1908.Shows his influence on later works.
Giovanni Piranesis Influence on Other Artists● Piranesi’s artworks hugely influenced neoclassicism. Neoclassical design is also continuously used throughout the 20th and 21st century.● His prints depicting buildings of classical and postclassical Rome contributed to Rome’s fame and the growth of classical archaeology and the neoclassical movement in art.● The etched plates of the Vedute di Roma helped sculpt Europes view of classical design, and these prints influenced other designers.● Piranesis may have not been an influence as an architect but his romanticized views, imaginary interiors and hyper exaggerated images inspired designers, writers and painters.
● Hubert Robert (22 May 1733 – 15 April 1808), was a French painter, noted for his landscape paintings and depictions of ruins. Robert spent some of his time with young artists in the circle of Piranesi. Piranesi had a huge influence on his paintingsG.B Piranesi Vestibolo dantico Tempio(Vestibule of an ancient temple),c 1743, Etching, H. Robert, The Finding of the Laocoon, c258 x 350 mm 1773, painting
● William Beckford, the author of the Gothic novel, Vathek (1786) wrote, “I drew chasms, and subterranean hollows, the domain of fear and torture, with chains, racks, wheels and dreadful engines in the style of Piranesi.”● M. C. Escher (Maurits Cornelis Escher) was a Dutch Graphic Artist among those possibly inspired by Piranesi. Escher’s later works became progressively more complex and increasingly Surrealist G. B. Piranesi Carceri Plate VII - M. C. Escher Relativity, c 1953, The Drawbridge, c 1745, print Lithograph
● Giovanni Battista Piranesi inspired Dante Ferretti, an Italian production designer, art director and costume designer for films. Dante Ferretti has designed for movies such as Gangs of New York (2002) Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street (2007) and Shutter Island (2010)● 20th & 21st Century influence:In the 20th century his imaginary interiors have been admired by Surrealists and provided source material for horror film set designers. Piranesis images have influenced movies from Metropolis and Blade Runner to the moving staircases at Hogwarts.
Two major socio-political influences:- European Enlightenment- Graeco-Roman debate
Personal circumstances:- trained as architect- supported by Venetian Pope Clement XIII
Giovanni PiranesiResearched by - Christie Higgins, Grace Hemara, James Bodnar Presented by - Helen Williams
Referencing:- Slide 1 through till 4:John, W.E. (1978). The mind and art of Giovanni Piranesi. London: Thames and Hudson- Quote on 5th slide:APA: Jonathan, D. (2004). Europe, 1450 to 1789: Encyclopedia of the Early Modern World. (Volume6: pp. 482 – 485). New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons.- slides 6 through 9-Piranesi, G. B (1756). View of the Via Appia. Retrieved April 4, 2013, from http://www.artchive.com/web_gallery/G/Giovanni-Battista-Piranesi/The-paving-of-the-Via-Appia-Antica,-from-Le-Antichita-Romane-de-G.B.-Piranesi-1756,-published-in-Paris,-1835.html-Piranesi, G. B. (1748). Fantasy of ruins with statue of minerva. Frontispiece of the Series “Views ofRome”, Roman Edition; Etching on paper-Piranesi, G. B. (1750). Imperial Mausoleum, retrieved April 4, 2013 from http://seattle.urbansketchers.org/2012/12/piranesi-urban-etcher.html-Piranesi, G. B. (1756). Via Appia Imaginaria. retrieved April 4, 2013 from http://www.architecture.com/LibraryDrawingsAndPhotographs/OnlineWorkshops/RomingRome/09Piranesi.aspx
Slides 10 through 14- Piranesi, G. B. (1750). Pyramid of Cestius. retrieved April 4, 2013 from http://www.jahsonic.com/Piranesi.html- Piranesi, G. B. (1753). Two sides of sedan chairs, two tables to the wall, two clocks, three coffeemakers, a frieze. Retrieved april 4, 2013 from http://www.wikipaintings.org/en/giovanni-battista-piranesi/two-sides-of-sedan-chairs-two-tables-to-the-wall-two-clocks-three-coffee-makers-a-frieze-Piranesi, G. B. (1769). Side table for Monsignor Rezzonico. retrieved april 6, 2013 fom http://www.johncoulthart.com/feuilleton/2007/09/29/piranesi-as-designer/- Rouveyre, E. (1908). Le style Piranesi, époque Louis XVI (The Piranesi style, Louis XVI period).retrieved april 6, 2013 from http://theillustratedencyclopediaof.tumblr.com/
Slides 15 to 18:- J.Jones, The Guardian, No Way Out (2002). Retrieved April 7th, 2013 fromhttp://www.guardian.co.uk/culture/2002/nov/06/artsfeatures.highereducation- S. West, (1996) The Bulfinch Guide to Art History: A Comprehensive Survey and Dictionary ofWestern Art and Architecture , Little, Brown and Company, Retrieved April 7th, 2013 fromhttp://www.artchive.com/artchive/P/piranesi.html- Baroque and Rococo. Retrieved April 7th, 2013 from http://www.all-art.org/history294-3.html- J. Altdorfer, Inside A Fantastical Mind (2008). Retrieved April 7th, 2013 fromhttp://www.carnegiemuseums.org/cmag/article.php?id=123- G.B Piranesi Vestibolo dantico Tempio (Vestibule of an ancient temple),c 1743, Etching. RetrievedApril 8th, 2013 from http://www.aucklandartgallery.com/-H. Robert, The Finding of the Laocoon, (c 1773), painting. Retrieved April 8th, 2013 from fhttp://www.mutualart.com/Artwork/The-Finding-of-the-Laocoon/257DC9D7D3EC9167- G. B. Piranesi Carceri Plate VII - The Drawbridge, (c 1745), print Retrieved April 8th, 2013 fromhttp://artsy.net/artwork/giovanni-battista-piranesi-the-drawbridge-plate-vii-from-the-series-carceri-dinvenzione- M. C. Escher Relativity, (c 1953), Lithograph Retrieved April 8th, 2013 from http://www.mcescher.com/