S A T Review


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SAT Prep Review for the SAT exam

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S A T Review

  1. 1. SAT Review <ul><li>General Information </li></ul><ul><li>Sentence Completions </li></ul><ul><li>Passage-Based Reading </li></ul><ul><li>Essay </li></ul><ul><li>Improving Sentences </li></ul><ul><li>Improving Paragraphs </li></ul><ul><li>Final Reminders </li></ul>
  2. 2. General Information <ul><li>Time Period = 3 hours and 45 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Easy: 70-90% of students get these questions correct . </li></ul><ul><li>Hard: 70-90% of students get these wrong ! </li></ul><ul><li>Timing Strategy (see handbook) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Sentence Completions <ul><li>Improving vocabulary = </li></ul><ul><li>Use POE (Process of Elimination) but don’t eliminate an answer if you don’t know what a word means! </li></ul><ul><li>Skip a question of it’s too difficult to understand or if there are too many difficult words in the answer choices. </li></ul>
  5. 5. One-Blank and Two-Blank Sentence Completions <ul><li>What to do: One-Blank </li></ul><ul><li>Cover up answer choices. </li></ul><ul><li>Come up with your own answer. </li></ul><ul><li>Pick the closest match. </li></ul><ul><li>What to do: Two-Blanks </li></ul><ul><li>Work with the 1 st blank. </li></ul><ul><li>Cover up answer choices. </li></ul><ul><li>Come up with your own answer. </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminate answer choices. </li></ul><ul><li>Work with the 2 nd blank. </li></ul><ul><li>Continue with process of elimination. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Passage-Based Reading
  7. 7. Passage-Based Reading (PBR) <ul><li>ALL correct answers are found in the passage! </li></ul><ul><li>Read quickly, answer slowly. </li></ul><ul><li>Stay focused. Be prepared to read boring passages. </li></ul><ul><li>Skip a question if two answer choices cannot be eliminated. </li></ul><ul><li>PBR = 2/3 of Critical Reading score. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Create a Table of Contents by: </li></ul><ul><li>-- finding and underlining the main idea </li></ul><ul><li>-- paraphrasing the main idea (3-4 words) </li></ul><ul><li>-- circle sentence shifters (ex. however) </li></ul><ul><li>-- underlining the author’s opinions </li></ul><ul><li>-- marking +/- next to statements </li></ul><ul><li>-- circling names, dates, numbers, etc. </li></ul>Mark It Up!
  9. 9. Main Idea Questions <ul><li>… have general answers </li></ul><ul><li>… require that you paraphrase the information given (What is this selection about?) </li></ul><ul><li>… require that you look for accuracy in the answer choices (Which answer choice best matches my paraphrase/main idea?) </li></ul><ul><li>… have answers that must be checked within context of the selection  read 2 sentences before and 2 sentences afterward. </li></ul><ul><li>… are in chronological order </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Extremes </li></ul><ul><li>Broad Generalizations (all, always, never, solely, only, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Bait and Switch (distort the meaning) </li></ul><ul><li>Not Mentioned…but Sounds Good </li></ul>What are some common wrong answer types?
  11. 11. <ul><li>WIC (words in context) and PIC (phrases in context) should be treated like sentence completions. </li></ul><ul><li>Words in “…” should be read like blanks. </li></ul><ul><li>Read two sentences before the word in quotations and two sentences after to check context. </li></ul>Words and Phrases in Context
  12. 12. (more information on short passages) <ul><li>Function/Organization questions want you to figure out what a specific sentence serves to do or is used to do. (Persuade? Entertain? Inform? etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Short reading passages are approximately 100 words in length </li></ul><ul><li>Short reading passages have the same type of questions as long reading passages. </li></ul><ul><li>You must make sure to watch out for implied/inferred ideas (or information) in the answer choices. </li></ul>
  13. 13. “ Given what is stated in the passage, which of these 5 choices does the passage also support?” <ul><li>Info to know: </li></ul><ul><li>-- the answer will not be stated in the passage but will be supported by evidence in the passage. </li></ul><ul><li>-- use Process of Elimination </li></ul><ul><li>-- look for words like “the author implies…” “you may infer…” “suggests” or “indicates” </li></ul>
  14. 14. You will rarely see passages with extreme attitudes! The tone of most passages will be neutral as to not offend the reader(s).
  15. 15. Paired Passages <ul><li>Read first passage and answer all questions relating only to it. </li></ul><ul><li>Read second passage and answer all questions for that section. </li></ul><ul><li>Answer remaining questions having to do with both sections. </li></ul><ul><li>What type of ?s will be about both passages?  </li></ul>
  16. 16. … more on paired passage ?s <ul><li>compare/contrast </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You shouldn’t have to go back to the passages for these types of ?s b/c they are based on the main ideas of the selections. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>take sides </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What does the author believe? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How do the 2 points of view relate? </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. What questions to do LAST and why: <ul><li>I, II, and III </li></ul><ul><li>Least/Except/Not </li></ul>These types of questions require that you check EACH answer in the passage then decide whether or not that answer should be eliminated. Do these LAST because of their time-consuming nature and easy traps. IF you have time to attempt these, treat them like T/F questions.
  18. 18. Essays and Grammar
  19. 19. ESSAY REMINDERS <ul><li>Essays are graded holistically , which means that readers are trained to recognize and reward insightful, well-developed essays. </li></ul><ul><li>You will receive a score of 0-6 on from each of the two graders. </li></ul><ul><li>The easiest way to increase your score is to take a strong point of view – make your case effectively by citing powerful, specific examples and clearly organizing your essay. </li></ul>
  20. 20. The One-Quote Prompt <ul><li>Mark up the prompt </li></ul><ul><li>and assignment by: </li></ul><ul><li>a. circling any clue </li></ul><ul><li>words/phrases, </li></ul><ul><li>and </li></ul><ul><ul><li>b. paraphrasing the main idea. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Interview yourself to develop your point of view. <ul><li>Do I agree or disagree with the quote? Why? </li></ul><ul><li>Do I have a personal anecdote to share regarding a </li></ul><ul><li>subject or idea in this quote? </li></ul><ul><li>Have I read any books that relate to this quote? </li></ul><ul><li>Does any part of this quote remind me of a current </li></ul><ul><li>event or news story? </li></ul><ul><li>Do I know of any historical examples that would support </li></ul><ul><li>my position on this topic? </li></ul>
  22. 22. Things to know about your examples: <ul><li>key parties involved </li></ul><ul><li>+/- outcome of event </li></ul><ul><li>main issue or controversy </li></ul><ul><li>significance </li></ul>
  23. 23. Two-Quote Prompts <ul><li>… will present two different points of view on the same subject. </li></ul><ul><li>Mark Up Prompts </li></ul><ul><li>Paraphrase Main Idea of Each Prompt </li></ul><ul><li>Choose the Quote You Agree with Most </li></ul><ul><li>Interview Yourself about the Topic </li></ul>
  24. 24. REMINDERS <ul><li>Open up with a strong opinion and site specific examples in your introduction. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the example you have the most knowledge of first. </li></ul><ul><li>Your conclusion (if you get to it) must only rephrase/paraphrase your point of view and sum up examples – 1 to 2 sentences long. </li></ul><ul><li>Spend up to 5 minutes prewriting, 18 minutes writing the body, and up to 2 minutes doing the conclusion. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep in mind: avoid verbosity, indentation = organization, write neatly, use “dazzling” vocabulary, and know that a few misspelled words or minor grammatical errors will not count against you. </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure to use transitions between ideas/paragraphs. </li></ul><ul><li>No hypothetical examples! Vague  Concrete. </li></ul>
  25. 25. grammar <ul><li>Identifying Sentence Errors </li></ul><ul><li>Improving Sentences </li></ul><ul><li>Improving Paragraphs </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent Error Types: </li></ul><ul><li>Tense S/V Agreement </li></ul><ul><li>Pronouns Parallelism </li></ul><ul><li>Modifiers Comparisons </li></ul><ul><li>Less Common Errors: </li></ul><ul><li>Idioms # and agreement </li></ul><ul><li>Diction Conjunctions </li></ul>
  26. 26. Identifying Sentence errors <ul><li>Use process of elimination (POE). </li></ul><ul><li>Circle time elements (yesterday, next week, this morning, etc.). </li></ul><ul><li>If a verb sounds odd, try all forms of it. </li></ul><ul><li>Cross out interrupting phrases to determine whether or not a subject agrees with a verb. </li></ul><ul><li>Remove “John and” portion of compound noun and read sentence again. </li></ul><ul><li>When you see a list of elements in a sentence, always check for consistency – isolate items to see if one sticks out. </li></ul><ul><li>When Comparing/Contrasting, you must do so with “like” items (ex. fruit to fruit, transportation to transportation). </li></ul><ul><li>Adjective/Adverb forms – when adverb , try replacing it with the adjective form. Only an adverb can modify a verb! </li></ul><ul><li>Watch out for double negatives! </li></ul><ul><li>Fewer = number, Less = amount. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Improving Sentences <ul><li>Answer choice “A” is the original (the same as in the question). </li></ul><ul><li>What you should do: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Correct the mistake without looking at the answer choices. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use POE to get rid of answer choices that don’t correct the mistake you identified. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Keep it short and sweet when choosing between two grammatically correct answers. </li></ul><ul><li>Be aware of “Bait and Switch” – a sentence that’s grammatically correct but changes the meaning of the sentence. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Improving Paragraphs R e m i n d e r s <ul><li>Read quickly and summarize the main idea. </li></ul><ul><li>Correct the sentence before looking at the answer choices. </li></ul><ul><li>Remember to consider context. (Read two sentences before and two sentences after.) </li></ul><ul><li>What types of questions will you see in the Improving Paragraphs section of the test?  </li></ul>
  29. 29. … here they are… (question types found in the Improving Paragraphs section) <ul><li>Revise and Combine (only in Improving Paragraphs section) – either comma plus conjunction or semicolon (used to connect two closely related sentences). </li></ul><ul><li>Insert or Add – looking for the most suitable answer; must understand relationships between phrases/sentences indicated. (WT or WA? – Working together or working against?) </li></ul><ul><li>Organization – plug one answer in at a time checking for context within the paragraph. </li></ul><ul><li>Omission – improve the entire paragraph: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Circle sentence numbers (answer choices) in paragraph. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Read the entire paragraph. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Look for the right sentence to eliminate. </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Final Reminders! Before the test: If you have not been to the test center before, get directions at least one day before the test. Don’t stay up late cramming or worrying. Day of the test: Get up early and eat a good breakfast the morning of the exam. Get to the test center 15-20 minutes early. Bring your test ticket, identification, calculator w/ charged batteries and three #2 pencils. Bring watch to monitor time and stay on pace. ...continues on next slide
  31. 31. Final Reminders! Day of the test: continued Wear layered clothing so that you can adjust to the temperature of the room. Bring along a few high-energy snacks and some water for the test’s short breaks. (Although “officially” not allowed, some proctors may tolerate it.) Concentrate and stay focused, but don’t get too uptight. Think positively throughout the test. After the test: You should receive your scores from the College Board within 2-4 weeks after the test. The quickest way to get your scores is at the College Board’s web site ( www.collegeboard.org ). Look in your registration bulletin or call 1-800-SAT-SCORE for more details.
  32. 32. Good Luck ! ! !