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  1. 1. 1# Lucia Artigas 9-2 19.20
  2. 2. Outline• 1)What is the Native People Group? – Culture – Customs – Agriculture – Religion• 2) When did they Exist?• 3) When was this famous site created and why? – La Venta How long did it take to complete? – Tres Zapotes – San Lorenzo Where is it located in present day now?• Architecture• Tourism• Video• Bibliography
  3. 3. Olmec, whose name means "people of the rubbercountry" Rubber is a product of the. Also known as Mesoamericamother.As the first civilization in the area. Native Group
  4. 4. Culture •They invented a system of Vigesimal numbering. •His government was theocratic.•They were the first to build architectural projects.•Watching the sky they could establish a schedule with duration of one year, thelunar month, the agricultural cycle and the dates of religious ceremonies wereheld.
  5. 5. Customs• Attire: Men wear loincloths, layers, clay necklaces. The women used a belt tight skirts, turbans, complicated headgear and masks.• The turbans and headdresses are majestic and were used in ceremonies, festivals and even sacrifices.
  6. 6. agricultur• The planting system was Tala y Roza it was to use better the fertile land.• Tala: Cut trees and vegetation.• Roza: burn the ground to leave a layer of nutrients by the crops harvested after sow. The land is exhausted after two or three stages, which is abandoned and starts again in another area.
  7. 7. Religion.• Polytheists.• La Venta, and located in Veracruz, San Lorenzo and Tres Zapotes where they did sacrifices. They believed that life does not end with death. •The most important deity was represented in agriculture. Life was represented by a jaguar "land" and a snake "water".
  8. 8. • The jaguar god: is the most important god, god of life, represented by an animal half jaguar, half-serpent. •Quetzalcoatl: god of rain, weather and corn. It is represented as a feathered serpent. •Huehueteotl old god, the god of fire.
  9. 9. Preclásico • In the early pre-classic period in Mesoamerican cultures were established. The Olmec settlement dating from around 1500 BC , Culture declined around 500 B.C.
  10. 10. archaeological Sites : La Venta, San LLorenzo, Tres Zapotes•From archaeological evidence it can be inferred that the ceremonial and rituallife among the Olmecs had to be as intense as those of other cultural groups inMesoamerica consolidated.
  11. 11. La Venta:• Ceremonial Olmec Centre.• La Venta was inhabited by people of the Olmec Culture from 1200 BC until 400 BC after which the site appears to have been abandoned. It is believed to have been an important civic and ceremonial centre.• Today, the entire southern end of the site is covered by a petroleum refinery and has been largely demolished, making further excavations difficult or impossible.
  12. 12. San Lorenzo:• Early Olmec culture had emerged centred around the San Lorenzo Tenochtitlán site near the coast in southeast Veracruz. They were the first Mesoamerican civilization and laid many of the foundations for the civilizations that followed. Among other "firsts", there is evidence that the Olmec practiced ritual bloodletting and played the Mesoamerican ballgame, hallmarks of nearly all subsequent Mesoamerican societies.• San Lorenzo is best known today for the colossal Olmec stone heads unearthed there, the greatest of which weighs onwards of 40 tons (3) and is 3 metres high.
  13. 13. Tres Zapotes:• (Olmec Capital).• Located on the slopes of the Tuxtla mountains, this is one of the most important Olmec cities, and the first to be written about in 1868, along with the first reports of colossal heads. Tres Zapotes is sometimes referred to as the third Olmec Capital, as it followed on the demise of both La Venta and San Lorenzo.• Of particular interest to archaeology is that the site was continuously inhabited for over 2000 years (1)
  14. 14. architecture• The Olmec architecture is to build platforms around a courtyard, which houses and temples were built•Olmec artists distinguished themselvesin carving stone.•Colossal heads carved, zoomorphic andanthropomorphic sculptures, tombs,altars with reliefs and huge tombs, andsculptures that look human. L
  15. 15. Tourism L Ruta Olmeca• It is characterized by the large number of nature that surrounds it, for its extensive beaches and archeological remains of the Olmec culture ranging from southern Veracruz west of Tabasco.
  16. 16. Video •<iframe width="420" height="315" src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/r 7LuFltVhkY" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe>• Los Olmecas• Subido por Sagrario y Jesús el 22/06/2008• Cultura madre
  17. 17. Bibliography• "Ruta Olmeca Rutas TurÃ-sticas En México." Ruta Olmeca. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Oct. 2012. <http://www.zonaturistica.com/rutas- turisticas/ruta_olmeca.html%20%20>.• "Tres Zapotes, Mexico." Tres Zapotes, Mexico. Ed. Alexander Whitaker., N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Oct. 2012. <http://www.ancient- wisdom.co.uk/mexicotreszapotes.htm>.• "Los Olmecas Periodo Preclasico." - Ensayos. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Oct. 2012. <http://www.buenastareas.com/ensayos/Los- Olmecas-Periodo-Preclasico/715302.html>.