Background of the Study
Language as the system of communication in speech
and writing that used is used by a people of a
particular country and language is a major means of
identifying a set of people nation or country.
A code is “a system used for communication between
two or more parties used on any occasions.”(Ronald
“Code-mixing occurs when conversant use both
languages together to the extent that they change from
one language to other in the course of a single
utterance.” ( Wardhaugh 1994:108).
“Code-switching as “ the alternative used by bilinguals
of two or more languages in the same conversation.”
( Milroy and Musyken 1995, p. 7).
Limitation of the Study
This research focuses on know how many the writer
use Indonesia to English in this novel, and how does
reader understand when the writer use code mixing
and code switching in this novel. And find out the
dominant process which related to code switching and
code mixing. Because the writer needs to know
analysis the type, and reason of their code mixing and
code switching language.
What type of code switching and code mixing were
found in novel Love You Anyway by Alamanda
What is the reason the novel “Love You Anyway” use
code mixing and code switching in this novel?
Objective of the Study
To find out what type of code switching and code
mixing found in the novel Love You Anyway by
To find what is the reason of code mixing and
switching in the novel Love You Anyway by Alamanda
Pateda in his book "Sosiolinguistics", 1987 which discuss
about all aspects in sociolinguistics (including language
use, language variety, language change, language plan).
Janet Holmes in his book 1992 sociolinguistics study the
relationship between language and society
Wardough, Introduction to Sociolinguistics. This book
provides information and knowledge about
Sociolinguistics and Sociology of language, and the
discussion of the relationship between language and
society or the various functions of language in society
The Method of Research
In this research, data are collected from a the novel “
Love You Anyway”. After writer collect the data then,
writer will try to find which type, categories and
reason code mixing and code switching.
Data of Collecting
In collecting data, writer must be reading a novel and
writer must be analyzing type code mixing about the
conversation or the story from this novel. After that,
writer can describes why does the writer use code
mixing and code switching in the novel.
The writer tries to apply the descriptive quantitative
research method. In this method, there are some steps
that the writer is going to do:
Collecting the data: picking out all the dialogue of the
characters in the novel.
Classifying the data: classifying the important data
based on the scope of the analysis.
Identifying the data: characterizing the utterance
based on which belong to code switching and code
Method of Analyzing Data
The data are analyzed by using descriptive quantitative
and qualitative methods by Arikunto (2006:239) and
applied some procedures or steps. First, the writer
presenting all the data (dialogues) from the selected
chapter of the novel. Second, the writer classifies the
data and then identifying the data by characterizing
the utterances which belong to code switching and
code mixing. Third, the writer gives a brief description
or explanation based on the category of each data, and
also describes the data in table’s form of each chapters
According (Hymes,1875) “Code-Switching has become
a common term for alternate use of two or more
languages, or varieties of language, or even speech
styles ". For example the conversations below, which
taken from novel Love You Anyway by Alamanda
Lubang hidung Boat langsung kembang kempis, “I
smell something fishy.” James nyengir.”Aku bertemu
perempuan itu beberapa hari lalu lewat
gaoukon.Lumayan lucu orangnya.
Three types of code switching
Tag Code Switching
A tag code switching happens when a bilingual inserts short
expression (tag) from different language at the end of
his/her utterances. Here the examples below are taken
from the dialogues in novel Love You Anyway by Alamanda
“Bukan, maksudku…” Aksa terdiam sejenak, menyesal
karena mulutnya terlanjur melontarkan hal yang cukup
pribadi. “Maksudku, aku hanya pulang sebentar. Kakak
laki-lakiku sepertinya akan menikah akhir tahun ini.”
Inter sentential code switching
An inter sentential code switching happens when there
is a complete sentence in a foreign language uttered
between two sentences in a base language. for
examples of this type of switching below are taken
from novel Love You Anyway by Alamanda Hindersah:
“ Dia sendiri tidak mengerti mengapa harus membuat
pertanyaan sebodoh itu. Kesal dengan kebodohannya
sendiri, Aksa melanjutkan, “You know what…… Kamu
tidak perlu menjawab pertanyaan itu. “Don’t mind it.”
Intra sentential code switching
Intra sentential code switching is found when a word, a
phrase, or a clause of a foreign language is found
within the sentence in a base language.
Two examples are as the following, which taken from
(Rene Apel and Pieter Muysken, 1987):
a. An English bilingual switches from English to French;
the hotel, il est grand, is really huge and unbelievably
b. A Tanzanian bilingual switches from Swahili to
English, e.g: lle accident llitokea alipose control Na
Aka overturn and landed in a ditch.
Types of Code-Mixing
Intra-sentential mixing may range form the
alternation of single words, phrases to clauses within a
single sentence or utterance.
example: Really? James menaikkan sebelah alis….
Normally extra-sentential mixing occurs between
sentences because it occurs at sentence boundaries. It
requires less complex syntactic interaction between
two languages involved in code mixing.
Example: I wanna focus on my carrer, aku mau….
or Mixing their Languages (Hoffman,
Talking about a particular topic
Quoting somebody else
Being emphatic about something
Interjection (Inserting sentence fillers or sentence
Repetition used for clarification
Intention of clarifying the speech content for
Expressing group identity