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Participatory Market Mapping, Nepal 2009

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These are the slides for my presentation of our experiences on Participatory Market Mapping in Nepal to Practical Action's supporters on Supporters' Day 2009.

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Participatory Market Mapping, Nepal 2009

  1. 1. Participatory Market Mapping participation making markets work for marginalised dairy farmers in Nepal
  2. 2. The Markets and Livelihoods Programme how can markets become a means to prosperity?
  3. 4. Our Main Principles <ul><li>Participation </li></ul><ul><li>Systemic Thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitation </li></ul>
  4. 5. The Market Map <ul><li>understanding market systems </li></ul><ul><li>bringing market actors together </li></ul>
  5. 6. BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT MARKET CHAIN INPUT AND SERVICE PROVIDERS THE ESSENCE OF THE MARKET MAP
  6. 9. Participatory Market Mapping Workshops <ul><li>dialogue and analysis </li></ul><ul><li>finding blockages and opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>building trust (and social pressure too!) </li></ul><ul><li>moving towards joint action </li></ul><ul><li>promoting ownership </li></ul><ul><li>building on their resources and interests </li></ul>
  7. 13. How was it done? <ul><li>Work with local partners (initial trust and basis for future implementation) </li></ul><ul><li>Market mapping training for partners </li></ul><ul><li>Preliminary market mapping (with the partners) </li></ul><ul><li>Participatory Market Mapping Workshops (by the partners) </li></ul>
  8. 15. Who Participated? <ul><li>(Pre-empowered) farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperatives’ leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Microfinance institutions and two large banks </li></ul><ul><li>Gov’t: Forest, Agriculture and Livestock </li></ul><ul><li>Veterinaries </li></ul><ul><li>Intermediaries </li></ul><ul><li>Seven political parties </li></ul><ul><li>Local NGOs and INGOs working in the four districts </li></ul>
  9. 19. 30% 20 -30% 10 % 20-30% 70-80% 15% 15- 20% Access to Forest (fodder) Policy on AI services Milk supply “holidays” Financial Policy of MFIs Dairy subsidy policy Small holder dairy farmers in region (semi-commercial): - Number = 60K-70K - Vol:300K–350K L/d - Av.price: Rs. 26-28/L Urban Cooperatives - Total number: 15-20 - Total Vol: 50K L/d - Av. price: Rs. 28 - 30/L Rural Cooperatives: - Total number: 100+ - Vol: 100K–150K L/d - Av. price = Rs. 28–30/ L District Level Collection Facilities: Number: 7 - 8 Total Vol: 100K L/d Av. Price: Rs. 30 – 32 / L Small Dairies: Number: less than 10 Total Vol: 10K L/ day Av. Price: Rs. 28-30/L Private chilling vats & collectors: Number: 4 – 5 Vol: <10K L/d Price:Rs30(TBC) Fodder/ Grass/ Feed, pasture improvement info, seeds Transport Services (from large trucks to human-powered transport) Dairy equipment and maintenance Breeding stock Potential small holder dairy farmers in region (non- commercial production level): - Number: 200K– 300K - Potential: 1M L/d Medium/large dairy farmers in region: - Total number: 100 - Vol: 25K-30K L/d Upcoming large processor Chitwan Dairy (Chitwan) Projected Vol: 150 K L/d Large processors (Total Vol: 425K L/d) - Dairy Dev. Corp. (150K L/d) - Sujal Foods (100K L/d) - Small processors (50KL/d) - Himalayan dairy (100K L/d) - Sita Ram Gokul (25K L/d) Financial products for poor farmers (e.g. loans, insurance, revolving funds) etc Milk testing technologies Info & knowledge (public and private; mass media and targeted communication and training) Artificial Insemination Services (public and private) Animal health advice and drugs (public and private) Inadequate infrastructure (roads, water, electricity) Pricing scheme based on fat and protein content Conflict, strikes and bandhs Technical skills: improved grass, modern dairy practices, basic business management Fresh Milk market Urban Location: Kathmandu, Chitwan, Pokhara Vol: 400K–500K L/d Price: Rs. 34 -38/L Powdered Milk Market Vol: 2.4 MT/day Price: Rs. 30 -34/L Processed Milk Products Vol: 10K L/d (TBC) Price: Rs. 30 -34/L Rural Fresh Milk mrkt Location: Chitwan, Dhading, Tanahu, Gorkha Vol: 70K L/d Price: Rs. 30 -34/L Mass migration of youth
  10. 20. Challenges <ul><li>Empowerment: how much? what? time? </li></ul><ul><li>Power dynamics </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict context (Nepal) </li></ul><ul><li>Finding the right “hooks” </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on price </li></ul><ul><li>Mistrust and misconceptions </li></ul><ul><li>Data collection and display </li></ul><ul><li>The art of facilitation </li></ul>
  11. 21. Our Investments <ul><li>£10,000 for… </li></ul><ul><li>6 months </li></ul><ul><li>2 full-time staff </li></ul><ul><li>Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Meetings and Workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Field trips </li></ul>
  12. 22. Main impacts <ul><li>New financial products for farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Competition => driver to improve products </li></ul><ul><li>More responsive buyers (Sujal Food) </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening of cooperatives and farmer groups </li></ul><ul><li>Our partners using “our” principles, methods and tools in other projects </li></ul>
  13. 24. Key Lessons <ul><li>Participation and looking at the whole picture of the market </li></ul><ul><li>can produce cost-effective benefits </li></ul><ul><li>for large numbers of marginalised producers (impact at scale) </li></ul><ul><li>in short periods of time </li></ul><ul><li>and build the foundations for sustainability </li></ul>
  14. 25. Key Conditions: <ul><li>If there is market demand </li></ul><ul><li>If marginalised producers are empowered to engage with other market actors </li></ul><ul><li>If market actors are interested </li></ul><ul><li>If we behave as facilitators </li></ul>
  15. 26. Many thanks to the Nepal team who are facilitating this process! Sharad Rai: Senior Project Manager Deepak Khadka: MLP Team Leader in Nepal
  16. 27. AND THANK YOU VERY MUCH FOR YOUR SUPPORT! International Markets and Livelihoods Programme

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