Reported Speech 1


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Reported Speech 1

  2. 2. Time changes in REPORTED SPEECH <ul><ul><li>If the reporting verb is in the past , the verb in the reporting statement moves back a tense into the past: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PRESENT SIMPLE - PAST SIMPLE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PRESENT CONTINUOUS- PAST CONTINUOUS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PAST SIMPLE- PAST PERFECT SIMPLE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WILL- WOULD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CAN – COULD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>THE MODAL VERBS SHOULD , COULD, WOULD , MIGHT AND OUGHT DO NOT CHANGE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PRONOUNS AND POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES ALSO CHANGE. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: “ I´ve forgotten my keys”. He said that he had forgotten his keys. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. TIME EXPRESSIONS IN REPORTED SPEECH <ul><li>Time expressions in reported speech also change. </li></ul><ul><li>THIS- THAT </li></ul><ul><li>THESE- THOSE </li></ul><ul><li>NOW - THEN </li></ul><ul><li>NEXT WEEK – THE FOLLOWING WEEK </li></ul><ul><li>TODAY- THAT DAY </li></ul><ul><li>TOMORROW - THE FOLLOWING DAY OR THE NEXT DAY </li></ul><ul><li>YESTERDAY - THE PREVIOUS DAY OR THE DAY BEFORE </li></ul><ul><li>LAST WEEK- THE WEEK BEFORE OR THE PREVIOUS WEEK . </li></ul>
  4. 4. Different types of sentences <ul><li>A.-Statements : Affirmative and negative. </li></ul><ul><li>B.-Questions : wh-questions and yes-no questions. </li></ul><ul><li>C.-Commands : Affirmative and negative. </li></ul><ul><li>D.-Suggestions . </li></ul>
  5. 5. Reported Speech : A.- Statements. Reporting verbs: said (no object) , told (object), added, admitted, claimed, explained,promised, protested. He said he would see her soon. “ I´ll see you soon.” He said that he had worked for 10 hours. “ I worked for ten hours” He said that they were having a wonderful time. “ We are having a wonderful time”. She said that she loved the hotel. “ I love the hotel “. Reported speech Direct speech
  6. 6. REPORTED QUESTIONS <ul><li>Reporting verbs in questions: asked / wanted to know / wondered . </li></ul><ul><li>In direct questions the word order is verb+subject whereas in reported questions the word order is : subject+verb and there is no question mark </li></ul><ul><li>example: “ What is the time?”. Reported question: She asked what the time was </li></ul><ul><li>WE MUST DISTINGUISH between wh-questions and yes-no questions. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Wh- questions <ul><li>There are question pronouns in these questions( where, when, what , which, why and how ). </li></ul>Examples: Direct speech Reported speech “ Where are you from?” She asked where he was from
  8. 8. Yes-no questions <ul><li>There is no question pronoun in these type of question. </li></ul><ul><li>They are called so because the answer to these questions is yes or no. </li></ul><ul><li>If or whether is used in the reported question. </li></ul>Examples: Direct speech: Reported speech “ Are you French?” He asked if/whether we were French .
  9. 9. REPORTED COMMANDS <ul><li>In reported commands the reporting verbs are: told,asked , advised, warned, persuaded, invited,encouraged , remind. </li></ul>For affirmative commands: Subject + verb +object + infinitive with TO Example: Direct speech: Reported speech : Close the door! He told him to close the door . For negative commands: Subject + verb + object + NOT + infinitive with TO Examples: Direct speech: Reported speech: Don´t shout at me! She told him not to shout at her .
  10. 10. REPORTED SUGGESTIONS <ul><li>We use the verb suggested in reported suggestions . </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Direct suggestions Reported suggestions </li></ul><ul><li>“ Shall we go for a walk?” He suggested going for a walk </li></ul><ul><li>that they went for a walk </li></ul><ul><li>“ Why don´t we go out tonight?” She suggested going out that night </li></ul><ul><li>She suggested that they went out </li></ul><ul><li>that night. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Let´s go to the cinema ” He suggested going to the cinema. </li></ul><ul><li>He suggested that they went to the cinema . </li></ul>
  11. 11. ACTIVITIES <ul><li>REWRITE THE SENTENCES IN REPORTED SPEECH . </li></ul><ul><li>1.-”Please don´t tell my parents!” He begged her... </li></ul><ul><li>(He begged her not to tell his parents). </li></ul><ul><li>2.-”Have you ever been to Naples in January?”He asked me... </li></ul><ul><li>He asked me if I had ever been to Naples in January. </li></ul><ul><li>3.-”This is the dog I bought yesterday from Alan”. He said... </li></ul><ul><li>He said that was the dog he had bought the day before from Alan. </li></ul><ul><li>4.-”Give me that book” Mary asked me... </li></ul><ul><li>Mary asked me to give her that book. </li></ul><ul><li>5.-What are you going to do when she finds out? He asked me... </li></ul><ul><li>He asked me what I was going to do when she found out. </li></ul><ul><li>6.-”He is the last person I want to meet”.He said... </li></ul><ul><li>He said that he was the last person he wanted to meet. </li></ul><ul><li>7.-Why haven´t you replied to the letter I sent you last week? He asked me... </li></ul><ul><li>He asked me why I hadn´t replied to the letter he sent me the week before. </li></ul><ul><li>8.-”Leave the office and don´t come back”. The boss told me... </li></ul><ul><li>The boss told me to leave the office and not to come back. </li></ul><ul><li>9.-”I´m visiting my granny tomorrow” She explained... </li></ul><ul><li>She explained she was visiting her granny the following day. </li></ul><ul><li>10.-”Who do you hate most? He wanted to know... </li></ul><ul><li>He wanted to know who I hated most. </li></ul>