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  1. 1.<br />Venezuela<br />
  2. 2. History<br />Venezuela is a small country located in the north coast of south America . The country was only inhabited by natives until 1498, when Christopher Columbus, became the first European ever to sail there. Venezuela over the years was inhabited by many other countries, such as the Spanish. Venezuela was an outpost for the Spanish empire until a man by the name of Simon Bolivar along with his followers, gave the country independence. <br />Venezuela <br />
  3. 3. Culture <br /> Venezuela in ancient times was inhabited by natives, and did not developed much of its culture until numerous other countries came . Venezuelan has been influenced by many outside countries, such as the Spanish, who have made the largest impact on the Venezuelan culture, and whose language is now the national language of the country. Venezuelan music is mainly a mix of Spanish, and African music.<br />
  4. 4. Religion <br />. There is freedom of religion in Venezuela, some are Jewish, some are Arabic, but most have become catholic over time . Religion in Venezuela is mostly catholic., with Roman Catholic 96%, Protestant 2%, it is safe to say that Catholicism is Venezuela's main religion. <br />
  5. 5. Traditions<br />The majority of Venezuela celebrates Christmas each year beginning on the 16th of December and going to the 25th. Venezuela, unlike many cultures, believe that baby Jesus delivers presents to children instead of Santa Claus.<br />
  6. 6. Food<br />Arepas:Arepas are small, round tortillas made from generally from corn flour. They’re then fried on a lightly oiled surface: traditionally, Venezuelans will use a budaré, a sort of skillet, but electric arepa-makers are becoming more common. In Venezuela, arepas are usually filled with cheese and served hot: they’re popular at roadside stands.Read more at Suite101: Traditional Venezuelan Food: Arepas, Empanadas and PabellonCriollo - the National Dish!<br />
  7. 7. Government<br />‘’Gen. Juan Vicente Gómez was dictator from 1908 to 1935, when Venezuela became a major oil exporter. A military junta ruled after his death. Leftist Dr. Rómulo Betancourt and the Democratic Action Party won a majority of seats in a constituent assembly to draft a new constitution in 1946. A well-known writer, Rómulo Gallegos, candidate of Betancourt's party, became Venezuela's first democratically elected president in 1947. Within eight months, Gallegos was overthrown by a military-backed coup led by Marcos PerézJiménez, who was ousted himself in 1958. Since 1959, Venezuela has been one of the most stable democracies in Latin America. Betancourt served from 1959–1964, while Rafael Caldera Rodríguez, president from 1969 to 1974, legalized the Communist Party and established diplomatic relations with Moscow.’’. -<br />‘’Venezuela's current president is Hugo Chavez. He replaced Rafael Rodriguez in 199 and was reelected in 2001 and 2007. Venezuela does not hold restrictions on how many times one can be reelected for president’’. -<br />
  8. 8. Economy<br />‘’About 13% of Venezuelans are engaged in farming. The chief crops are corn, sorghum, sugarcane, rice, bananas, vegetables, and coffee. There is also extensive livestock raising and fishing. Venezuela's mountains long impeded the nation's economic development because of the communications problems they presented. The country has developed a fine highway system, but goods are still carried primarily by ship. Oil accounts for about 90% of the export income, 50% of government earnings, and 30% of the gross domestic product. Venezuela is the largest foreign supplier of oil to the United States. Other exports are bauxite, aluminum, steel, chemicals, iron ore, coffee, cocoa, rice, and cotton. Imports include raw materials, machinery, transportation equipment, and construction materials. The main trading partners are the United States, Colombia, and Brazil. A large amount of oil is exported to the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba for refining.’’ Maracaibo, Puerto Cabello, La Guaira, and Cumaná are the important ports.<br />
  9. 9. Immigration<br />View this page with:    Just Stats   Sources   Definitions   Both   immigrant population > Immigrants as percentage of state population 3.776 [93rd of 195] immigrant population > Number of immigrants 1,010,000 [37th of 195] immigrant population > Percentage of total number of immigrants in the world 0.5413 International migration stock > % of population 3.8 % [104th of 205] International migration stock, total 1,010,148 [37th of 205] Net migration 40,000 [51st of 180] Net migration rate -0.84 migrant(s)/1,000 populati [116th of 225] Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 408 [118th of 151] US visa lottery winners 194 US visa lottery winners [60th of 178]<br /><br />
  10. 10. Millitary<br />View this page with:    Just Stats   Sources   Definitions   Both   Armed forces growth 14 [57th of 132] Armed forces personnel 56,000 [63rd of 166] Arms imports > constant 1990 US$ 7,000,000 constant 1990 US$ [71st of 100] BranchesNational Armed Forces (Fuerza Armada Nacionale, FAN): Ground Forces or Army (FuerzasTerrestres or Ejercito), Naval Forces (FuerzasNavales or Armada; includes Marines, Coast Guard), Air Force (FuerzasAereas or Aviacion), Armed Forces of Cooperation or National Guard (Fuerzas Armadas de Cooperacion or Guardia Nacional) ConscriptionConscription exists (NISBCO). Conventional arms exports $1,000,000.00 [39th of 40] Conventional arms imports $12,000,000.00 [69th of 85] expenditure > % of GDP 1.14 % [83rd of 145] Expenditures 1.2 % of GDP [61st of 87] Expenditures > Dollar figure $1,687,000,000.00 [15th of 111] Manpower > Availability > Females 6,801,133 [40th of 162] Manpower > Availability > Males 6,647,124 [44th of 210] Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 6,767,860 [41st of 175] Manpower > Military age 18 years of age Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males 275,323 [41st of 226] personnel 82,000 [59th of 170] personnel > % of total labor force 0.64 % [107th of 168] Service age and obligation18-30 years of age for compulsory and voluntary military service; 30-month conscript service obligation - all citizens 18-50 years old are obligated to register for military service US military exports $69,975.00 thousand [12th of 109] Weapon holdings 855,000 [70th of 137] -<br />
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