Varotto lodatti drystone_cumbria_final


Published on

Published in: Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Varotto lodatti drystone_cumbria_final

  1. 1. Mauro Varotto, Luca Lodatti - University of Padova, Department of Geography ‘ Adopting’ a drystone terrace to sustain a cultural landscape Drystone works between insider and outsider Ambleside, Cumbria (UK) 12 th International Congress of Dry-stone Walling - September 4-6 th 2010 <ul><li>Contents </li></ul><ul><li>Past research activities </li></ul><ul><li>Ongoing processes </li></ul><ul><li>Project proposals </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>A presentation of the area in Northern Italy: </li></ul><ul><li>From 17th to 20th century was cultivated with tobacco and terraces widely built on the mountain slopes </li></ul><ul><li>In the 60s the cultivations were fosaken for industrial activities and the area partially abandoned </li></ul><ul><li>Nowadays the terraces are mostly unused, collapsing and covered by natural afforestation </li></ul>The terraced area of the Brenta River Valley
  3. 3. <ul><li>The activities presented here start from the basis of the ‘Alpter’ project. </li></ul><ul><li>ALPTER’ PROJECT </li></ul><ul><li>A research project about terraced areas in the Alps, aimed at enlarging the territorial knowledge and developing tools for promotion and recovery. Financed by the EU Interreg ‘Alpine Space’ program for territorial cooperation in the period 2005-2008. </li></ul><ul><li>In the Venetian Region the River Brenta Valley was chosen as project pilot area for the researches. </li></ul><ul><li>Partnership: </li></ul><ul><li>Regione Veneto (Lead Partner) Regione Liguria (I) </li></ul><ul><li>Regione Valle d’Aosta (I) IREALP (I) </li></ul><ul><li>Universität BOKU of Vienna ( A) Univ of Ljublijana (SLO) </li></ul><ul><li>Dep. Alps Maritimes (F) Regione Bregaglia (CH) </li></ul><ul><li>In collaboration wirh UNESCO </li></ul><ul><li>Some results : </li></ul><ul><li>A common method for analysis of terraced sites. </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated projects of recovery and revitalization. </li></ul><ul><li>A network linking different experiences. </li></ul>Past research activities - The ‘Alpter Project’
  4. 4. <ul><li>Through the Alpter project has been possible to acquire the basic knowledge about terraced areas in the River Brenta Valley: </li></ul><ul><li>Terraces mapping and cadastre </li></ul><ul><li>Historical cadastre </li></ul><ul><li>Detailed survey of the structures </li></ul><ul><li>Natural hazard studies </li></ul><ul><li>Moreover, recovery projects were drawn. </li></ul>Research activities in the Brenta River Valley
  5. 5. During the research activities, some self-made restoration works were witnessed, in particular from associations (NGOs) of citizens from urban centers nearby the River Brenta Valley (i.e. Bassano del Grappa). Here you see the restoration of a terrace covered by woods by a Scout Group. Ongoing processes on the ground: some ‘New pioneers’
  6. 6. Here two ex- teachers start cultivating their vegetable garden on a terrace For producing vegetables, and for nice flowers too. The vegetable garden of citizens from a nearby town
  7. 7. <ul><li>Here the Scout Group after restoring a first terrace wants another to cultivate and make their camp </li></ul><ul><li>While a young agronomist from University of Padova visits the terraces to choose his vegetable plot </li></ul>A Scout Group and a young agronomist
  8. 8. <ul><li>Slowly by word of mouth we were requested by some people to visit terraces for choosing one as vegetable garden. </li></ul><ul><li>Private citizens from towns nearby </li></ul><ul><li>NGOs from all around the Venetian Region (i.e. the ‘Italian Alpine Club’, a mountaineering association) </li></ul><ul><li>A group of immigrants from Morocco living in Bassano del Grappa </li></ul>Other people interested in cultivating terraces
  9. 9. <ul><li>From the spontaneous activities we developed the idea of the ‘Adopt a terrace’ project: </li></ul><ul><li>It received the support of the Municipality of Valstagna, of the Italian Alpine Club and of university of Padova, with different roles </li></ul><ul><li>A set of practival rules for recovery of terraces have been defined, to safeguard them </li></ul><ul><li>Beside the direct adoption of a terrace, it is possible a ‘long-range adoption’ of a terrace </li></ul>The idea of the ‘Adopt a terrace’ project Here below, the logos of the istitutions whoch supports the project. On the right, the first local promotion materials (press artciles, flyers) for the project. ITALIAN ALPINE CLUB MUNICIPALYTY OF VALSTAGNA UNIVERSITY OF PADOVA <ul><li>Some difficulties for private citizens to overcome in finding a terrace to cultivate: </li></ul><ul><li>very ‘fragmented’ land ownership because of past inheritances </li></ul><ul><li>legal agreements to sign with local landowners </li></ul><ul><li>technical support for works </li></ul><ul><li>overall management costs </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>For the ‘adoption’ a legal procedure has been developd, which includes: </li></ul><ul><li>A contract of ‘free loan’ (‘commodatum’) signed by the landowner to give the terrace in adoption, with a set of rules for its use </li></ul><ul><li>A Committee formed by both local and outside people, to counter-sign the contract </li></ul><ul><li>A land-use plan for the first available terraces, with first restoration objectives </li></ul>The procedure for adopting a terrace
  11. 11. Overall adoption management system Adoption Commitee Abandoned Terraces Local landowners University of Padova Municipality of Valstagna Italian Alpine Club Terraces recovery and cultivation Long-range adoption Direct adoption Local workers Nearby towns inhabitants Local people
  12. 12. <ul><li>- - </li></ul><ul><li>(i.e. ) </li></ul><ul><li>On the web-site, a step-by-step procedure will be available to adopt a terrace: </li></ul><ul><li>Register for membership with a few data </li></ul><ul><li>Check the list of available terraces with the related restoration activities </li></ul><ul><li>Choose one and the contributions to offer (with ‘quotas’ of 30 € each, about 20 £) </li></ul><ul><li>What the project will do: </li></ul><ul><li>A certificate of adoption will be sent to all members </li></ul><ul><li>The first restoration works in autumn 2010 (bush clearing) will cost 10 quotas for terrace, with a local workers crew. </li></ul><ul><li>The web site will be regularly updated with images of ongoing works and the contributors kept informed to see the adoption results </li></ul>The web-site for long-range Adoption of a terrace
  13. 13. Historical relationship INSIDER vs OUTSIDER Different perception Different historical background Different objectives Possible target relationship INSIDER OUTSIDER Common work on terraces Common agronomic competencies also common family/geographic origin… Adopting a terrace between insider and outsider (1)
  14. 14. ENVIRONMENTAL VALUE Biodiversity safeguard ECONOMIC VALUE Intensive cultivation SOCIO-CULTURAL VALUE Personal satisfaction HISTORICAL VALUE Local heritage Terraces recovery as halfway point OUTSIDER POINT-OF-VIEW INSIDER POINT-OF-VIEW
  15. 15. Soon on-line: Info: [email_address]