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Retrospectives Techniques


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presentation for ESSAP 2007 on retrospective

Published in: Economy & Finance, Education

Retrospectives Techniques

  1. 1. Retrospective Techniques <ul><ul><li>Luca Grulla </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ESSAP, Varese (Italy) </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. What is a retrospective ? <ul><li>“ A ritual held at the end of a project to learn from experience and to plan changes for the next effort&quot;. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Prime Directive <ul><li>&quot;Regardless what we discover, we understand and truly believe that everyone did the best job they could, given what they knew at the time, their skills, and abilities, the resource available and the situation at hand&quot;. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Through exercises... <ul><li>...we want to find an answer to these 3 questions: </li></ul><ul><li>What went well ? </li></ul><ul><li>What didn't go well ? </li></ul><ul><li>What still puzzles us ? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Retrospective structure <ul><li>Set the stage </li></ul><ul><li>Gather data </li></ul><ul><li>Generate insights </li></ul><ul><li>Decide what to do </li></ul><ul><li>Close the retrospective </li></ul>
  6. 6. Set the stage <ul><li>Define the ground rules </li></ul><ul><li>Set mobile to silent </li></ul><ul><li>We will try not to interrupt </li></ul><ul><li>No jokes at the expense of anyone </li></ul><ul><li>as well as.... </li></ul><ul><li>goes through the agenda </li></ul><ul><li>define the goals </li></ul>
  7. 7. Gather data <ul><li>Identify the important events happened during the retrospective </li></ul><ul><li>Use artifacts like burndown charts, documents, meeting minutes etc. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Timeline <ul><li>Simon Baker </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  9. 9. Generate insights <ul><li>Mine the timeline looking for useful information </li></ul><ul><li>you can... </li></ul><ul><li>Cluster the stickies </li></ul><ul><li>Put dots to prioritize </li></ul><ul><li>Simon Baker </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  10. 10. Decide what to do <ul><li>Two or three root causes </li></ul><ul><li>Identify things that make the difference !! </li></ul>
  11. 11. From the facilitator point of view... <ul><li>Preparation </li></ul><ul><li>Leading the retrospective </li></ul><ul><li>Closure e follow-up </li></ul>
  12. 12. Preparation <ul><li>Find the topics of the retrospective </li></ul><ul><li>Decide the exercises </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare the room </li></ul><ul><li>Attention to details !! (do we need markers ? Flip charts ? Stickers ?) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Leading the retrospective <ul><li>Facilitator vs team member role </li></ul><ul><li>Handle different personalities </li></ul><ul><li>Handle different cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Attitude </li></ul>
  14. 14. Closure <ul><li>Always identify actions as outcomes of the retrospective </li></ul><ul><li> we have enough energy for this ? </li></ul>
  15. 15. Bibliography <ul><li>Norman Kerth </li></ul><ul><li>Project Retrospectives: A handbook for team reviews </li></ul>
  16. 16. Bibliography(2) <ul><li>Ester Derby, Diana Larsen </li></ul><ul><li>Agile Retrospectives: making good teams great </li></ul>
  17. 17. Are you ready for your first retrospective ? <ul><li>creates team of four people </li></ul><ul><li>take a scenario </li></ul><ul><li>each member of the team leads one stage of the retrospective (set the stage, gather data, generate insights, closure) </li></ul><ul><li>...let's play !! </li></ul>