Slideshare edition class 1 summer 2011 nsg 2500

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Slideshare edition class 1 summer 2011 nsg 2500

  1. 1. NSG 2500: Pharmacology<br />Summer<br />2011<br />
  2. 2. Syllabus<br />
  3. 3. Class Resources-Blackboard<br />
  4. 4. Class Resources-The Point<br />
  5. 5. Class Resources-EDGT<br />
  6. 6. What is a Drug?<br />
  7. 7. Drug Names<br />Trade Name<br />Generic name<br />Chemical name:<br />methyl 7-((1R,2R)-3-hydroxy-2-((S,E)-4-hydroxy-4-methyloct-1-enyl)-5-oxocyclopentyl)heptanoate<br />
  8. 8. Dosage Forms-Oral<br />Tablets<br />Capsules<br />Pills<br />Suspensions<br />Liquids<br />
  9. 9. Dosage Forms-IM/SC<br />
  10. 10. Dosage Forms-IV (parenteral)<br />
  11. 11. Dosage Forms-Sublingual<br />
  12. 12. Dosage Forms-Inhalation<br />
  13. 13. Dosage Form-Transdermal<br />
  14. 14. Dosage Form-Topical<br />
  15. 15. Clinical Trials<br />
  16. 16. Pregnancy Categories<br />A<br />B<br />C<br />D<br />X<br />The BEST (but there are not many!)<br />
  17. 17. Controlled Substances<br />
  18. 18. Controlled Substances<br />Narcotics, Amphetamines, Barbiturates, Many drugs used to treat ADD/ADHD<br />
  19. 19. Controlled Substances<br />
  20. 20. Controlled Substances<br />
  21. 21. Controlled Substances<br />
  22. 22. Generic Drugs<br />
  23. 23. Over the Counter Drugs<br />
  24. 24. Over the Counter Drugs<br />
  25. 25. Over the Counter Drugs<br />
  26. 26. Over the Counter Drugs<br />
  27. 27. Over the Counter Drugs<br />
  28. 28. Over the Counter Drugs<br />
  29. 29. Over the Counter Drugs<br />
  30. 30. Sources of Drug Information<br />Drug Facts and Comparisons<br />
  31. 31. Sources of Drug Information<br />PDR<br />
  32. 32. Sources of Drug Information<br />United States Pharmacopeia, National Formulary<br />
  33. 33. Sources of Drug Information<br />Nursing Drug Reference<br />
  34. 34. Sources of Drug Information<br />Nursing Journals<br />
  35. 35. Sources of Drug Information<br />Reliable Internet Sources<br />
  36. 36. Sources of Drug Information<br />Reliable Internet Sources<br />Lexi-Comp through Levin Library or free for a month trial<br />
  37. 37. Pharmacology Concepts<br />Pharmacology<br />Drug therapy<br />Pharmacodynamics<br />Drug to Body<br />Pharmacokinetics<br />Absorption<br />First Pass<br />DISTRIBUTION<br />
  38. 38. Question:<br />What is an action of a drug?<br />A. To increase enzymatic reactions in the body<br />B. To alter a missing chemical<br />C. To depress or slow cellular activities<br />D. To increase the effect of foreign substances<br />
  39. 39. Pharmacology concepts<br />Absorption<br />Distribution<br />Drug Binding<br />Metabolism<br />Excretion<br />
  40. 40. Protein Binding<br />
  41. 41. Pharmacokinetics<br />Onset<br />½ life<br />Peak<br />Duration<br />
  42. 42. Monitoring Drug Effects<br />Onset, Peak, Duration<br />
  43. 43. Factors Influencing Drug Effects:Weight<br />
  44. 44. Factors Influencing Drug Effects:Age<br />
  45. 45. Factors Influencing Drug Effects: Physiology/Pathophysiology<br />
  46. 46. Factors Influencing Drug Effects: Genetics<br />
  47. 47. Factors Influencing Drug Effects<br />Immunological<br />Psychologica<br />Environmental<br />Tolerance<br />Cumulative<br />
  48. 48. Drug Effects<br />Therapeutic Index<br />
  49. 49. Drug Interactions<br />Drug-Drug<br />
  50. 50. Drug Interactions<br />Drug-Food<br />
  51. 51. Drug Interactions<br />Drug-Herbal<br />
  52. 52. Drug Interactions<br />Drug-Lab<br />
  53. 53. Adverse Drug Reactions<br />Primary<br />Secondary<br />Hypersensitivity<br />
  54. 54. Allergic Reactions<br /> Anaphylactic<br />
  55. 55. Allergic Reactions<br />Cytotoxic<br />Serum Sickness<br />Delayed Allergic<br />
  56. 56. Drug Reactions<br />HIVES-URTICARIA<br />
  57. 57. Drug Reactions<br />STOMATITIS<br />
  58. 58. Drug Reactions<br />Superinfection<br />(ex: Thrush)<br />
  59. 59. Drug Reactions<br />Bone Marrow Suppression<br />
  60. 60. Drug Toxicity<br />Kidney<br />Liver<br />
  61. 61. Adverse Effects<br />Altered glucose metabolism <br />
  62. 62. Adverse Effects<br />Electrolyte imbalance <br />
  63. 63. Adverse Effects<br />Sensory effects <br />
  64. 64. Adverse Effects<br /> Neurological effects <br />
  65. 65. Adverse Effects<br />Teratogenicity<br />
  66. 66. Nursing Process & Patient Safety<br />
  67. 67. Nursing Process<br />
  68. 68. Rights of Drug Administration<br />Storage<br />Preparation<br />Recording<br />
  69. 69. Promoting Drug Therapy<br />
  70. 70. Preventing Medication Errors<br />
  71. 71. Preventing Medication Errors<br />
  72. 72. Drug information and the public<br />
  73. 73. Federal Guidelines:Drug Advertising<br />MUST INCLUDE:<br />Indication—Contraindications--Adverse effects--Precautions<br />
  74. 74. Internet sources of drug information<br />Reliable or not????<br />
  75. 75. Problems with OTC medications<br />
  76. 76. Alternative Therapies<br />
  77. 77. Off-label use of medications<br />

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