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Local health and wellness magazine for Chattanooga, TN and surrounding area.

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  1. 1. CHATTANOOGA winter 2007-2008 $3.95 ® HEALTH AND WELLNESS MAGAZINE 2000 Special Issue — Aging Well local medical focus • nutrition ChaTTaNooga, TN ChaNge SeRvICe PeRmIT No. 426 ChaTTaNooga, P.o. Box 16295 RequeSTeD 37416-0295 PRSRT STD TeNNeSSee fitness • seniors • weight management PoSTage PaID 1 ChattanoogaHealthScopeMag.com
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  4. 4. editor’s letter Chattanooga healthsCope advisory board Live Well and Age Well … Isn’t that what all of us want to do? E Dewayne Belew, Susan Burkett O'Hare, very year, HealthScope magazine will do a General Operations RN, MSN, CPNP, CPN special issue that focuses on a specific health Manager, Associated Administrator, T.C. and wellness topic that crosses the heart of Pathologists and Thompson Children’s PathGroup Labs Hospital our communities. In this issue we focus on how to “Live Well and Age Well.” The underlying theme of this issue is that we have the opportunities and abilities to do it! We are blessed with excellent medical care throughout the Chattanooga Area. We are fortunate to live in a beautiful area of the photo by david humber country with an abundance of outdoor activities. We are fortunate to have community leaders, Philip Cook, President, Tom Cory, Ph. D. business executives, and medical professionals Psychiatric Solutions, Inc., dedicated to offering the Chattanooga Area the Mid-America Division best medical and wellness care. In this issue, our writers provide a wonderful assortment of articles, all of which reflect on how to live well and age well. Charlotte Boatwright shares an overview of the “State of Health” in the Chattanooga Area from the perspective of executives leading medical care throughout the area. Tom Cory provides a wonderfully, thought provoking article on “attitudes” and how they impact aging well. Linda Benton shares Celebrating a light but informative article on minimally Dr. Daniel F. Fisher, Jr. Rae Bond and non-invasive cosmetic procedures, and FACS Executive Director General and Vascular Chattanooga & how they allow aging Baby Boomers to reverse 19years Surgery and Renal Hamilton County “those wrinkles.” Then we are treated to ar- Transplantation Medical Society ticles on fitness, nutrition and mature living, all of which focus on what “we” can do to stay well and live well. As always we profile a person or group that contributes in a special way to the Chattanooga Area. In this issue, we are proud to profile the Volunteers in Medi- cine Clinic Chattanooga. This group of local professionals has dedicated itself to providing medical care to the uninsured. Through their efforts, they help people who can’t afford medical care to be well, and through their contributions, reduce Karen Wisdom, Senior Charles Stewart, the cost of medical care in our communities. Vice President & COO, President and CEO, Everyday we make choices that impact how we feel and how we age. All of us Hamilton Medical Hutcheson Medical Center Center want to live well and age well. Hopefully, this issue of HealthScope magazine will help you make the best choices for you and your family and God willing, live well and age well. Cindi Mullinix, Editor-in-Chief Lynn Whisman, Nancy P. White look for this issue on our new Web site www.ChattanoogahealthscopeMag.com. BSN, MBA, CHE, Senior VP/Chief Vice President of Marketing & Customer also, look for the latest issue of CityScope magazine on www.ChattanoogaCityscopeMag.com Patient Care Services, Relations Officer, Erlanger Health System Erlanger Hospital 4 ChattanoogaHealthScopeMag.com
  5. 5. contents 12 winter 2007-2008 vol. 19 issue 2 Medical Features 12 the state of Chattanooga’s health Opportunities for Staying Healthy and Aging Well 18 aging is attitude A Good Life is Well Lived 26 looking your best The War Against Wrinkles 36 parkinson’s disease Research Continues, Medical Care Varies by Patient 18 Profile 40 volunteers in Medicine Clinic Chattanooga A Community Serving the Medically Uninsured ProuD SuPPorter oF: 36 About the Cover: Barby Wilson is a resident of Signal Mountain and is married to Tom Edd Wilson, President and CEO of the Chattanooga Area Chamber of Commerce. They have three children and seven grandchildren. Barby is a vigorous walker and an active member of several com- munity organizations, including the McKamey Animal Care and ©jdavid HuMber Adoption Center where she serves as chairwoman of the Animal Care Trust. Photo by Med Dement. 5 ChattanoogaHealthScopeMag.com
  6. 6. contents CHATTANOOGA Medical News ® 2000 HEALTH AND WELLNESS MAGAZINE www.ChattanoogaHealthScopeMag.com winter 2007-2008 vol. 19 issue 2 8 health in a Minute Tips for Living Healthy and Well PubLISherS Your Life’s Health 9 10 Medical notes Joe and Billie Moan Co-PubLISherS Current Events in the Medical George and Cindi Mullinix Community eDItor-In-ChIeF Cindi Mullinix MAnAgIng eDItor 42 and Wellness Billie R. Moan StAFF MeDICAL wrIter Charlotte Boatwright, RN, Ph. D. 42 Fitness DeSIgn/Cover Choose a Fitness Program to Age Well Lynn Starnes, Star Graphics PrePreSS and PrIntIng 46 nutrition Dockins Graphics Eat Healthy to Stay Young and ContrIbutIng wrIterS Age Well Joanne Beckman Linda Benton 50 Mature living Pat Charles Tom Cory, Ph. D. Aging Well — What You Can Do to Jodi Herod Stay Sharp As a Tack Pamela Cannoy Kelle, RD, CDE 46 Jill Ralston 54 helping hands Cari Shanks Jess Snyder Hospice Care — Special Care from Special People PhotogrAPhY Med Dement 60 silver side David Humber Enjoying a Vibrant Social Life To subscribe to HealthScope2000 magazine, 62 Woman’s Way go to www.ChattanoogaHealthScopeMag.com, or call 423-266-3440, Don’t Suffer In Silence from or email cmcpub@bellsouth.net. Incontinence A one year subscription for 5 issues costs $17.50, while a 2 year subscription costs $34.00. 64 vital signs For advertising rates or magazine information, Secrets of a Happy Retirement 64 go to www.ChattanoogaHealthScopeMag.com, or call 423-266-3440, or email cmcpub@bellsouth.net 50 HealthScope 2000® is a registered trademark of CMC Publica- tions, LLC, a Chattanooga, Tennessee, company. This publica- tion is published five times a year and is intended to provide general health care information. Please do not attempt to self- diagnose from material in these pages; if you have a problem or question, consult your physician. Views expressed herein are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the editors, advertisers or publisher. The editor, advertisers and publisher disclaim any responsibility or liability for such material. 54 ©2007-08 david HuMber 6 ChattanoogaHealthScopeMag.com
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  8. 8. Health in a Minute Good Health Habits for Preventing Seasonal Flu T he single best way to prevent seasonal flu is to get vaccinated each year, but good health habits may also help protect you against the flu. Below are steps that you can take to protect yourself and others from flu and other respiratory illnesses. Avoid close contact. Avoid close contact with people who are sick. Stay home when you are sick. If possible, stay home from work, school, and errands when you are sick. You will help prevent others from catching your illness. Cover your mouth and nose. Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or sneezing (or your elbow if no tissue is available). It may prevent those around you from getting sick. Healthy Tailgate Chili Clean your hands. Are you ready for some football and chili Washing your hands often will help protect you from germs. for your tailgate party? Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth. Germs are often spread when a person touches something that is tailgate Chili contaminated with germs and then touches his or her eyes, nose, or 2 lbs. crumbled tofu mouth. 2 medium onions, chopped Practice other good health habits. 2 green peppers, chopped Get plenty of sleep, be physically active, manage your stress, drink 3 cloves garlic, minced plenty of fluids, and eat nutritious food. 16 oz. can of kidney beans For more information go to: http://www.cdc.gov/flu/protect/habits/index.htm 16 oz. can of diced tomatoes 16 oz. can of crushed tomatoes Happy Day Chili Powder – Alchemy Spice Company What’s In a Healthy Diet? Optional toppings: juice of one lime, green onion, T assorted minced hot peppers, beer, shredded cheeses, he emphasis these days is on establishing a sour cream, hot sauce, tortilla chips healthy eating pattern over time, rather than Brown tofu in skillet. In a large pot, cook onions simply counting calories. For example, a diet in 1 tbsp. olive oil until translucent. Add green with cardiovascular benefits is low in saturated fat, peppers and saute’ for 3-5 minutes. Feel free to avoids trans fats, and includes the following: add other peppers as well—consider poblanos, habaneros, or banana peppers. Add garlic and • Three to six servings per day of grains, at least cook for 1-2 minutes. Add tofu, kidney beans, half of them whole grains (i.e. brown rice, bul- tomtatoes, and Happy Day Chili Powder. Add 6 gar, 100% whole wheat bread and whole-grain cups of water and allow your meal to simmer for cereal) rather than refined grains such as white a couple of hours or until flavors meld. Add the bread, and pasta made with refined flour. cayenne for taste; low salt for taste. Add lime • Five servings or more per day of fruits and vegetables. Whole fruits (as opposed to juice) and juice if preferred. Serve with shredded cheese, dark green and orange vegetables tend to be high in fiber, nutrients, and antioxidants. sour cream, hot sauce, tortilla chips, green • Four servings per week of nuts, seeds and legumes (dried beans and peas). You may also onions and other fixings. use these foods as a substitute for meats and poultry. Note: The cayenne is very hot cayenne; so use spar- • At least two servings per week of fish, especially those rich in omega-3 fatty acids such as ingly. Cut recipe in half for a medium-sized pot of salmon and mackerel. If you don’t care for fish, try plant-based sources of omega-3 fats, chili. Recipe courtesy of the Alchemy Spice Company, such as soybeans, tofu, walnuts, and ground flaxseeds. Chattanooga, TN. For more information, visit: www. • Small amounts of healthy fats, such as those found in olive and canola oils (monounsatu- alchemyspicecompany.com. Spices and other foods can rated fat) and corn, sunflower, and other vegetable oils (polyunsaturated fat). be found at the new Greenlife Grocery Store located at 301 Manufacturer’s Road in North Chattanooga. Source: Harvard Women’s Health Watch, Volume 5, Number 3, November 2007. 8 ChattanoogaHealthScopeMag.com
  9. 9. S I X T Y S E C O N D S T O B E T T E R H E A LT H First Things First Offers Classes and Seminars Connections — This seminar teaches high a great start by learning essential skills to school teens (ages 14-18) skills essential for help you build a strong foundation for a success in their dating relationships. lasting marriage. How To Avoid Marrying a JERK — A Love Secrets to Lasting — A class designed relationship class for singles to learn skills to help you reconnect and breathe life back necessary to follow your heart without los- into your marriage. ing your mind. Maximize Your Marriage — For couples Love’s Cradle — This seminar teaches ex- in distress, this seminar is designed to give pectant, unmarried parents how to create a couples immediate skills to start healing healthy family. their troubled marriage. Preparing for Marriage — A class for For more information, visit engaged couples…get your marriage off to www.firstthings.org 2 North Shore Brings Greenlife Grocery to the North Shore G reenlife Grocery is now open at the 2 North Shore Shopping Center located at 301 Manufacturers Road in North Chattanooga. 2 North Shore, developed by CS & As- sociates, is expected to be the first LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) certified environmentally efficient retail center in Chattanooga. Greenlife’s newest store offers a café with indoor and outdoor seating, community room, full kitchen, hot- prepared meals to go and a bakery full of fresh homemade treats. There will be an outdoor Farmers Market every Wednesday and Saturday. New features include a cheese bar where customers sample different types of cheese, olives and all-natural Italian meats. Similar to other Greenlife Stores, sustainable caught fresh seafood and sushi will be sold. Warming Up to The Season’s Colder Weather Sports T he excitement for winter and seasonal activities such as downhill and cross country skiing, ice skating and indoor running, require proper conditioning and preparation. “Any time we embark upon a new physical activity, the risk of injury increases,” states Jason Theodosakis, MD, a noted joint health expert and author of the #1 New York Times best seller The Arthritis Cure (St. Martin’s Press, revised 2004). • Always Begin with a Warm Up Never jump right into a sport or other physical activity without warming up first. A few minutes spent slowly easing into the activity will gradually raise the temperature of the muscles, joints, lungs, heart and nervous system and thereby prepare the body for the higher paced exertion to come. A good warm up also stimulates joint lubrication to begin in advance of the full throttle activity and reduces joint and bone friction. • Always Include Stretching Many people confuse stretching and warming up, which are actually quite different and provide completely different benefits. A warm up involves muscle contraction and temperature stimulation, whereas stretching involves lengthening muscles and tendons to increase flexibility. By increasing flexibility prior to beginning a more vigorous activity, the body is better prepared to respond to higher demands in range of joint motion and muscle mobility. 9 ChattanoogaHealthScopeMag.com
  10. 10. Medical Notes Start! Hamilton County Heart Walk Chattanooga joins movement to walk more, eat well and live longer a day has proven health benefits, such as O ver 500 Chattanooga/Hamilton County increased energy and circulation as well as residents embarked on the Start! Heart reduced risk of heart disease. In addition, Walk October 13 at AT&T Field to raise funds research shows that individuals can gain two for the American Heart Association and start hours of life expectancy for each one hour a journey to a healthier lifestyle. Next year’s of regular exercise,” said Jim Coleman VP of event is already slated for the second week- Business Development for Parkridge Medical Memorial Regional Heart Center was the top Heart Walk end of October. Center. “The reinvigorated Start! Heart Walk team for a third consecutive year. Teams are already The American Heart Association’s physi- will help participants understand this criti- forming for the October, 2008 Start! Heart Walk. For cal activity movement, Start!, is transforming cal message, join with others and generate a information call (423) 668-4900. Heart Walk, into an experience that creates renewed commitment to heart-healthy living hope, inspires change and celebrates success. WDEF FM Sunny 92.3 and Comcast. through walking.” Start! is a groundbreaking new move- Start! Heart Walk is nationally spon- On average, cardiovascular disease and ment from the American Heart Association, sored by SUBWAY®, Healthy Choice®, and stroke are responsible for 1,289 every year in calling on all Americans and their employers AstraZeneca. For information on participat- Hamilton County. This is 40% of all deaths. to create a culture of physical activity and ing in the Start! Heart Walk, Chattanooga The success of the Start! Chattanooga Heart health through walking, so that they can live area residents can call the American Heart Walk was due in part to corporate partners longer, heart-healthy lives. Association at 423-668-4900 or visit ameri- and teams along with media sponsors “Brisk walking for as little as 30 minutes canheart.org/hamiltoncountyheartwalk HealthScope magazine, WDEF TV Channel 12, Pink! The Bids for Kids Nets $81,000 for Children’s Hospital Foundation Party’s On A A n elegant venue, exclusive gala celebration to one-of-a-kind auction items, benefit the MaryEl- len Locher Breast Cen- and a cause close to the hearts ter at Memorial will be of many in the Chattanooga held on Saturday, January 26, 2008, at the area, made for a truly successful Chattanooga Trade and Convention Center. “Bids for Kids” auction. Benefit- Tickets are $150 per person and include ing T.C. Thompson Children’s cocktails, dinner, dancing (music provided Hospital Foundation, the event, by Band X) and a silent auction. Patron according to chief development tickets ($300 per ticket) provide access to officer Betsy Taylor, netted an exclusive patron party, valet/reserved $81,000 to benefit the pediatric parking, premium seating and table-side bar intensive care unit (PICU). “The proceeds raised from service the night of the event. Funds raised at Pink! 2008 will help this event will not only help L to r: T.C. Thompson Children’s Hospital Foundation Board Chair, Fran purchase the Dedicated Breast MRI for the create a better environment of Simmons, along with Helen Exum, Dr. and Mrs. Niel Nielson, and Cartter care in the PICU for our area’s Frierson enjoy the evening’s festivities. MaryEllen Locher Breast Center. Sponsorship opport unities ranging most vulnerable children but from $50,000 to $3,000 are available. For also support child life programs that allow sick kids to still experience the simple joys of more information about Pink!,contact the childhood while hospitalized,” states Mrs. Taylor. Overall, the event was deemed a great success by co-chairs Dr. Woody and Carrie Kennedy Memorial Health Care System Foundation at (423) 495.4151 or visit www.memorial. and Dr. Jason and Jaime Rehm. “We can’t express enough thanks to the premier sponsor and host of the event, Porsche of Chattanooga, the donors, builders and designers of the playhouses, org/foundation as well as the countless number of volunteers, for their generosity,” said Mrs. Kennedy. Mrs. Rehm added, “We are extremely grateful for the overwhelming support of everyone who joined us in raising funds and awareness of the region’s only children’s hospital.” 10 ChattanoogaHealthScopeMag.com
  11. 11. Rehab South Announces Hutcheson Medical Center Recognizes Employees Hutcheson strives to recognize its employ- Its 2008 Fibromyalgia ees for their service and excellence each and Osteoporosis quarter with an Employee Spotlight Recep- tion. Individuals are nominated by fellow Support Groups employees, management and patients for three categories: patient care, customer ser- vice and patient care teams. Charles L. Stewart, CEO recognized the deserving employees this quarter at a ceremony held in their honor. The Patient Care Award was given to Harrel Craven, RN, PCU. An anonymous entry explains how Mr. Craven exemplifies Tues., Feb. 12 - Fibromyalgia Support Group an outstanding employee. “He loves caring (L-R) Charles L. Stewart, President and CEO, presents Tues., Mar. 11 - Osteoporosis Support Group Spotlight awards to Harrel Craven, Delores Butcher, for those in need and has been known to Tues., May 13 - Fibromyalgia Support Group Vivian Camp, Scott Radeker and Randy Wilkes. pull from working days to work nights and Tues., Jun. 10 - Osteoporosis Support Group cover PCU when there is a need. With over 34 years of service to HMC, Harrel has a mendous amount of compassion for patients. Tues., Aug. 12 - Fibromyalgia Support Group grade ‘A’ work ethic.” I believe that Vivian would do this all over Tues., Sept. 9 - Osteoporosis Support Group The recipient of the Customer Service again if the situation should arise.” The meetings take place at Rehab South, Award was Vivian Camp, in the Admitting The Patient Care Team Award was given located at 2158 Northgate Park Lane, Suite department. She was nominated by a fellow to Scott Radeker, EMS, Randy Wilkes, EMS 102, in Hixson, from 12pm - 1pm. Meet- employee who recognized her compassion. and Delores Butcher, OSU. These individuals ings are free to the public, but seating is Vivian helped a cancer patient by providing were presented with a patient care discharge limited. Please call (423) 877-4599 to make financial assistance for a hotel room while the issue and formed a team to visit the patient’s a reservation. patient was undergoing treatment. The patient home. The fellow employee that nominated was commuting out of state and could not af- this group remarks, “Scott, Randy and De- Chattanooga Heart Gala ford a room. Ms. Camp got several businesses lores went far beyond what was expected of he Chattanooga Heart Gala’s Executive and churches involved with this effort. Her T them on a late Friday afternoon and should Leadership Team secured over $45,000 in nomination reads, “I believe this shows a tre- be commended.” sponsorship during its summer fundraising Medical Alliance and Bank of America blitz. Members of the team gathered for the celebration at Erlanger Hospital, who, along Grants Awarded to Project Access with BMW of Chattanooga, is presenting T sponsor. The Heart Gala is scheduled Febru- he Chattanooga/Hamilton County Medical than 3,700 individuals ary 9 at The Chattanoogan Hotel. For infor- Alliance presented a $15,000 check, and Bank have been evaluated mation call 668-4912. of America presented a $5,000 check to Ham- for eligibility. ilton County’s Project Access. These generous In addition to 580 volunteer physicians grants support the organization’s mission to who provide services to patients, the Project Ac- provide physician care to the working poor who cess partnership includes Erlanger Health Sys- are without access to health insurance. tem, Memorial Health Care System, Parkridge Project Access is a physician-led, com- Medical Center Inc., Siskin Hospital, Hamilton munity-based program that coordinates County Health Department, Memorial Primary donated voluntary medical care and services Care Centers, Southside and Dodson Avenue for uninsured people living on fixed or low Health Centers, Volunteers in Medicine, Rehab income in Hamilton County. The Project Ac- South, and a variety of other partners. cess Community Health Partnership has pro- To qualify for Project Access, patients L to r: Belinda Whitten and Nicole Easterday from vided almost $22 million in free health care must reside in Hamilton County, not have the American Heart Association, Tom Edd Wilson, to uninsured residents of Hamilton County access to any health insurance, and not re- President CEO Chattanooga Chamber of Commerce; since the program began in April 2004. ceive any state or federal medical benefits. Bob Main, President CEO of Siskin Hospital for Physical Project Access was developed through Total family income cannot exceed 150 Rehabilitation; Linda Mosley, Senior Vice President the Medical Society of Chattanooga-Hamil- percent of the federal poverty level, which is of Private Client Financial Services of First Tennessee Bank; Gala Chair Jim Brexler, President and CEO of ton County and Medical Foundation of Chat- $25,755 for a family of three. To learn more Erlanger Hospital. tanooga. Since the program began, more about Project Access, call 826-0269 11 ChattanoogaHealthScopeMag.com
  12. 12. The State of Chattanooga’s Health Opportunities for Staying Healthy and Aging Well By Charlotte Boatwright, R.N., Ph. D. H ow healthy is Chattanooga and Tennessee compared to other cities and states in the US? NBC4 in Washington, D.C. rated us as 44th in the nation, but then all the Southeastern states were at the bottom of their list. United Health Foundation, in partnership with the American Public Health Association and Partnership for Prevention, in its yearly assessment of the relative healthiness of the nation, declared Minnesota to be the healthiest state in the nation while Tennessee ranked 47th. Men’s Fitness Magazine lists Seattle as the healthiest city while Memphis is noted as one of the fattest. Harvard researchers listed Hawaii as the healthiest state with a life expec- tancy for men and women of 80 years. The Southeastern states were again at the bottom of their list. “There are millions of Americans that have life spans the same as in developing countries,” says Dr. Christopher Murray of the Harvard School of Health who led the study. “That alone is pretty remarkable, consider- ing we spend $5,000 a year per person on health care.” However, these research- ers believe that differences are not directly related to factors most commonly thought to be associated with disparities such as income, insurance, infant mortality, AIDS or violence. They say that the most important contributors to earlier mortality, in order of importance, are tobacco, alcohol, obesity, high 12 ChattanoogaHealthScopeMag.com
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  14. 14. in health screenings and other preventive blood pressure, high cholesterol, diet and measures. Numbers 1 and 2 are tied as top physical inactivity. Murray says that personal priorities. The committee agrees that many choices might be more important than ac- of the causes of illness, disability, and pre- cess to medical care. “Though 85 percent of mature death for Hamilton County residents the population has health insurance, half are determined by lifestyle and personal of those with high blood pressure fail to get choices. it controlled, two-thirds of those with high Step ONE is a county-wide program cholesterol do not receive statins to bring it designed to address the problem of obe- down and two-thirds of those with diabetes sity, promote physical fitness and healthy fail to manage it,” he says. lifestyles in our community. The Hamilton Not one state earns a passing grade when County Health Department and Regional it comes to women’s health, according to the Health Council partnered with the county National Women’s Law Center, the Oregon mayor to launch this initiative. Other agen- Health & Science University, and FOCUS on L to r: Dr. Jim Scales, Ruth Brinkley and Mayor Claude cies, organizations, churches, restaurants, Health & Leadership for Women at the Uni- Ramsey at a local press conference on childhood hospitals, insurers, schools, and physicians versity Of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. obesity. are being recruited as partners. The Univer- According to the study, women are second- working with area restaurants and schools sity of Tennessee at Chattanooga and other class citizens when it comes to health care to improve offerings, but we realize that area colleges play active roles. “We are very in America. More than one in eight women we are not going to change lifelong eating proud that we were a bit ahead of the curve lack health insurance, it says, and insur- habits of people overnight,” he says. “It may recognizing our need for healthier living ance coverage is “often inadequate to meet take a generation to persuade people to eat and eating,” says County Mayor, Claude women’s needs.” This report has Tennessee better and exercise more. We are working Ramsey. “We initiated our Step ONE pro- rated as 41st in providing for women’s health to reduce risks of heart disease and cancer, gram in 2004 with two simple notions to care needs. leading causes of death that are tied to these “Eat Smart” and “Just Move It.” We believe Changing the Ratings habits. We are placing greater emphasis on these nationally recognized Step ONE initia- prevention,” he notes. Ron Blankenbaker, M.D., Chairman, tives are broad enough to be practiced by The Regional Health Council’s Com- any age group, whether they are youngsters, Chattanooga-Hamilton County Regional munity Health Planning Committee has young adults or older people. We believe Health Council’s Health Futures Committee identified five health priorities. They are: that we have increased awareness about the says that Chattanooga rates at the bottom (1) Obesity, diet and exercise, (2) Tobacco importance of changing health habits and of most healthy city scales, even compared use, (3) Risky sexual behaviors, (4) Alcohol anticipate that Step ONE will help people to to other cities in Tennessee, but he believes and drug use, and (5) Lack of involvement live better, healthier lives and age well.” that we are gradually changing that. “We are 14 ChattanoogaHealthScopeMag.com
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  16. 16. Health Care Leaders Encourage home to many restaurants that purposely more serious illnesses. I am very proud that feature menus filled with healthy choices. In Hutcheson has taken several initiatives to Residents to Utilize Services and looking at our population, regardless of age, I address these problem areas within the north Improve Health think it’s of particular significance that Chat- Georgia/Chattanooga area. Hutcheson’s Health Care leaders encourage residents tanooga benefits from a full complement of Diabetic and Thyroid Treatment Center, to take advantage of the many opportunities healthcare resources. Few communities of Battlefield Auxillary Breast Center and the to improve their health and age well. “Access our size enjoy such a comprehensive and Fuller Cancer Center have raised the level to quality health care is of prime impor- varied scope of physicians and healthcare of care.” tance to ‘aging well’ in facilities, important factors in our ability to Spiritual Health any city, and Chattanoo- remain healthy as we age,” he explains. Any discussion of health must include ga is more blessed than Dr. Brian Kalla at the dimension of spiritual health. Though many comparably sized Siskin Hospital observed, not always explainable, spirituality appears communities,” says Jim “Studies show that the gen- to be tied to wellness and healing, and for Brexler, Erlanger Health eral health of the greater many people, prayer has many positive ben- Systems President and Chattanooga area is far be- efits. “I believe in looking holistically at life CEO. “Erlanger, in part- low the national average. in general and in terms of health, says Chris nership with the Univer- This is in large part due Jim Brexler Robinson, Youth Leader at Signal Mountain sity of Tennessee College to lifestyle issues includ- Dr. Brian Kalla Presbyterian Church. “If someone knows Of Medicine, offers the unique benefits of ing poor diet and tobacco that they are being cared for, prayed for and an academic medical center, superior patient use. The unhealthy diet leads to obesity and comforted by prayer, my guess is that there care driven by cutting edge technology, ac- diabetes, which contribute to an increased is a relationship to a longer life. Interact- cess to the latest clinical protocols and ex- incidence of heart disease and stroke, as well ing with another person makes life more ceptional physician faculty,” he notes. “Each as multiple other diseases. Dietary changes, meaningful, but to interact with our Father, month our Community Relations program regular exercise and smoking cessation could a Supreme Being who cares for us, would offers numerous low and no-cost health make a positive impact on the general health have to add to life in length and fulfillment,” screenings, classes and fitness opportunities. of this region.” says Robinson. For more than a century Erlanger has been According to Hamil- dedicated to the wellness of citizens of every ton Health Care System We Have The Power age in our community. That commitment President and CEO, John In many instances, we have the power continues today,” says Brexler. S. Bowling, the key health to determine our state of health and our Ruth Brinkley, issues in northwest Geor- quality of life by the choices we make. Many President and CEO, Me- gia emanate from the large programs, services and public facilities sup- morial Health Care Sys- carpet and flooring work- port efforts of residents to develop healthy John S. Bowling tem believes Chattanooga force. Disease management, offers many key oppor- focusing on areas like diabetes and heart t unities for adults for disease, is emerging as a key collaborative op- aging well. “In addition portunity to improve community health and to the availability of good contain rising health care costs. Hamilton health care, we have ex- Health Care System, headquartered in Dalton, Ruth Brinkley cellent recreational, cul- Georgia, continues to position itself as the tural, and social opportunities that give bal- region’s referral center through technology ance to our lives,” she says. “Our churches and facility enhancements in cardiac, vascu- offer programs to add spiritual depth and lar, emergency and women’s health. Bowling encourage people to have a purpose beyond reports that Hamilton seeks to strengthen themselves, a commitment to serve and help its ties with area physicians and employers others. All of these things are important to while continuing its reputation for quality, aging well, and Chattanooga is a beauti- safety and service. lifest yles. We have st unning riverfront ful and abundantly rich place to find what Charles Stew- walkways, abundant parks and green space, you need at every age for healthy living.” art, President and CEO, plentiful recreational facilities, and health Brinkley says that in order to age well, it’s Hutcheson Medical Center clubs catering to individual needs. Oppor- important to begin at an early age practic- adds, “The current state of tunities for rock climbing, hiking, running ing good health habits that address physical, health care in the Chatta- and biking abound. We are continually re- spiritual, and emotional needs. Memorial’s nooga and north Georgia minded of the impact that even minimum Parish Nurse Program makes healthy living region is excellent as far Charles Stewart levels of exercise and activity have on both information even more available by putting as choices, but regrettably mind and body. it out in area churches. our region continues to rank poorly in sev- In a country that has added more than Darrell Moore, Parkridge Medical eral areas such as obesity, which contributes 30 years to life expectancy over the past 100 Center CEO notes, “The health of Chatta- to a high incidence of diabetes, cancer and years, living to 100 is no longer unusual. noogans is impacted in so other weight related problems.” According Though genetic makeup may account for many ways by the person- to Mr. Stewart, smoking and tobacco use up to a third of a person’s longevity, knowl- al choices we make,” He also remains a major concern for the area, edge about how to maintain the quality of added, “By the nature of causing higher levels of lung related illnesses life is mushrooming. What this informa- our surroundings, we can including cancer and chronic obstructive tion means to us and how it translates to choose to do everything pulmonary disease. He noted, “Options for healthier lives remains largely in the hands from mountain climbing treatment in our area are plentiful, but a of the residents who must put it to work for to walking along the river- significant issue is the lack of preventative themselves. front. Chattanooga is also care that could help many people avoid Darrell Moore 16 ChattanoogaHealthScopeMag.com
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  18. 18. Aging is 18 ChattanoogaHealthScopeMag.com
  19. 19. Attitude — A Good Life is Well Lived By Th o m a s L . C o ry, P h . D. “And in the end, it’s not the years in your life that counts, it’s the life in your years.” —Abraham Lincoln We are an aging society. Ameri- cans 65 and older now comprise more than 13% of our popula- tion. The number of centenarians in our country topped 70,000 in 2006. And our life expectancy continues to slowly increase. Now consider this: Beca Levy, Ph.D. of Yale University stud- ied pretty much the entire over 60 population of Oxford, Ohio for many years. Dr. Levy was particularly interested in what fac- tors predicted longevity. Here’s what she found: An individual’s attitude towards aging was a better predictor of longevity than virtually any other measured factor. Individuals with a positive attitude towards aging at age 60 tended to live, on the average, more than seven and a half years longer than those with a negative attitude. A positive attitude toward aging was, in fact, a better predictor of longevity than cholesterol level, amount of exercise, or whether the individual did or did not smoke. 19 ChattanoogaHealthScopeMag.com
  20. 20. Fascinating… in a culture that in many until it is your time to gracefully depart this ways still denigrates aging with jokes about earth. As Cicero points out, it is your attitude “senior moments,” rocking chairs, botox, and your beliefs about aging that will deter- and senility, the best predictor of longev- mine the quality of your later years. ity is a positive attitude towards aging. But And he’s right. Just as the subjects who we’re ahead of our story, in fact, about 2000 had a positive attitude toward aging were years ahead. found to live longer, on average by seven Good Roman Advice and a half years in Dr. Levy’s study, other research strongly suggests that if you believe your memory will decline as you get older, “All would live long, but none would be old.” you’re right. On the other hand, if you be- —Benjamin Franklin lieve you can keep your memory healthy and The Roman statesman-philosopher Mar- functional as you age, you’re also right. But cus Tullius Cicero (106-43 BCE) spent con- that’s not the end of the story. siderable time thinking, and writing, about Back to the Future aging. In his essay “De senectute,” (On Old (Or Present) Age) Cicero writes, “...I find that there are four reasons for old age being thought unhappy; First, that it withdraws us from active employments; second, that it enfeebles the body; third, that “The only way to make friends with time is to make it deprives us of nearly all physical pleasures; friends with people.” —Robert McAfee Brown fourth, that it is the next step to death.” Well, needless to say, Cicero—well over Since about the mid-1960s psychologists, 60 when he wrote “De senectute,” then goes psychiatrists, and sociologists have been to some length to rebut each of these rather familiar sounding stereotypes and further- struggling with the concept of “Successful more to offer surprisingly contemporary Aging.” While everyone seems to agree that sounding advice on how to age with grace successful aging has to have something to do with happiness and life satisfaction, it turns and dignity. For example, he points out that … “The out that no one can quite agree on what these great affairs of life are not performed by physi- terms mean. So lets briefly review some of cal strength or activity, or nimbleness of body, the theories of “successful aging” and what it but by deliberation, charaction, and expression entails. What we’ll find is that the definition of opinion. Of these, old age is not only not of successful aging has changed any number deprived, but, as a rule, has them in greater of times over the past few decades. Back in the 1960s, we had the “disen- degree.” And how about the belief that memory gagement theory” of aging which proposed, fails with age? Again, let’s consider Cicero’s essentially that “in the normal course of answer: “But it is said, memory dwindles. aging, people gradually withdrew or disen- No doubt, unless you keep it in practice or if gaged from social roles as a natural response you happen to be somewhat dull by nature... to lessened capabilities and diminished old men retain their intellects well enough, if interest...the successfully aging person only they keep their minds active and fully willingly retires from work or family life and contentedly takes to a rocking chair.” employed.” —Bearon, 1996 Cicero would be gratified, but certainly Well somehow I don’t think the A ARP not surprised, to find that several recent stud- ies by the American Psychological Associa- would be too excited about that theory. Nor, tion’s Task Force on Aging have found that as it turns out, were researchers in the 1970s humans in later years have far more physi- who came up with the “activity theory.” cal and mental health than was previously Now according to this much more palatable thought. For example, physiological studies theory, people were seen to age most suc- indicate that adults continue to grow new cessfully when “they participate in a full brain cells throughout life. Other studies round of daily activities, that is… keep busy.” clearly indicate that memory and cognitive —Lemon et al., 1972 Okay, this theory sounds more prom- abilities do not automatically decline with aging and, in those cases where some decline ising and actually guided national policy does occur, memory loss can be reversed throughout several decades. Keep the elderly through regular mental exercises and daily busy and they’ll be happy. So what could be wrong with that idea? Makes sense. Except memory checks. Now, if they’d just read Cicero... well, for one, well actually several, small problems. without belaboring the point, Cicero also has I.e.: Busy at what? Does everyone over 60 little patience with the idea that the elderly or 70 enjoy the same activities? Not likely. are by definition “weak and feeble.” Inter- And we do know that older people are not estingly, he suggests that you can remain all the same, that many people prefer less vigorous and keep up your strengths through structured lives. So we then came up with the “continu- long walks, gardening, etc., and that by living wisely you can stay happy and productive ity theory,” which proposes that the people 20 ChattanoogaHealthScopeMag.com
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  22. 22. 1. A high level of engagement with life. 2. Low risk of disease. 3. High physical and cognitive functioning. Interestingly enough, the UCL A re- searchers found that socialization and moderate physical activity helped maintain a high level of cognitive functioning not only among their healthy subjects but also among those subjects with chronic physical ailments. So if we define successful aging at least partially in terms of a reasonably high level of cognitive functioning, interacting with others and staying physically active are pretty important. In Eastern cultures such as China, Japan, Thailand, and Tibet, they’ve know this for centuries. Not to mention Okinawa with a disproportionately high percentage of healthy, active elderly. In their society, the elderly are respected for their wisdom and experience, often consulted regarding important personal matter, and, as a matter of course, expected to stay active and productive members of society as long as possible. No mandatory retirement age, no assisted living. Interesting… . Evidently, when aging is considered in the context of experience gained and knowledge to pass on, the elderly do better. It is this staying involved with life that I feel really is at the heart of successful aging. And while for many individuals this involve- ment equates to an active social life, research and personal observation suggest that an ac- tive pursuit of life-long learning is another key element in staying involved. Retirement and the years after provide an opportunity to pursue college courses—often available at no or minimal cost—for the elderly. Courses in art, history, science, literature are all there for the asking. Think about this: There is a retirement community in New England, run by Las- sel University, that requires, as one of the covenants for living there, that residents spend 450 hours a year in some form of ac- tive learning. You can take college courses, teach a course yourself, attend lectures by guest speakers, etc. Someone has clearly figured out that life-long learning enhances the quality of life. who age most successfully are those who do agree on, its that quality of life is more There’s more. Staying involved with life “carry forward the habits, preferences, life- important than mere length of life. also means contributing to life in meaning- styles and relationships from midlife into ful ways. Mentoring, doing volunteer work, A Good Life Well Lived late life.” In other words, those adults who the possibilities are endless. For those of us age successfully basically keep on doing who aren’t quite there yet—as Oliver Wendell pretty much what they’ve done from their “People like you and I, though mortal of course, do Holmes wrote, “Old age is l5 years older than midlife on, provided their midlife was happy. not grow old, no matter how long we live...(We) I am” — it is our responsibility to make sure But suppose their midlife wasn’t happy? never cease to stand like curious children before that as people age they still have the oppor- More recently, we’ve begun to develop the great mystery into which we were born.” tunity to contribute. viable models of successful aging, models —Albert Einstein In fact, I would argue—and I believe the that recognize individual differences while research supports this—that graceful aging emphasizing the positive possibilities of The UCLA School of Medicine recently is aging engaged in life, not life seen from aging. And thankfully, we’ve gotten totally interviewed and studied 1200 adults between a rocking chair. But how about asking the away from equating length of life to success- the ages of 70-99. Their results indicated that elderly to define what they see as successful ful aging. If there’s one thing researchers successful aging could be defined as: aging. A recent study in the American Journal 22 ChattanoogaHealthScopeMag.com
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  24. 24. And how about your proximity to death? Once again, consider Cicero, not to mention a bunch of other philosophers and theoreti- cians, who basically says “get over it.” In fact Cicero makes the rather obvious point that the only thing your mortality should encourage you to do is live your life to the fullest, develop your spiritual self, and stop wasting time. Tough to improve on those ideas. And In Summary… “None are so old as those who have outlived enthusiasm. —Henry David Thoreau So let’s review what you can do to age with grace and dignity. • Begin now to develop a lifestyle that is happy and fulfilling. See aging as simply an opportunity to devote more time to that lifestyle. • Remember that successful aging is based on life-long learning. Actively pursue your interests. Take college courses, go on elder hostel trips, read, watch edu- cational TV. • Keep contributing. Don’t allow anyone to tell you you’re too old to help others or your community. • Stay reasonably active. If sports and ex- ercise aren’t your thing that’s okay, but at least go for a walk, garden, wash your car, play golf. Don’t let your body rust. • Stay involved with others. Meet new people. Join a club that interests you. If you’ve always been something of a loner that’s okay too, but again consider what you can do to help others. • And remember, even if you become physically dependent on others, your mind still works. You may have to re- mind your caretakers of this from time to time and that’s okay too. My hope is that by considering the ideas and research presented in this article you might reconsider your ideas about the elderly and what constitutes successful aging. Life satisfaction, happiness, self-esteem, a sense of having value and importance to others, all these are clearly characteristics of those who age with grace. If you are not yet a member of Geriatric Psychology notes that “according our independence at the expense of theirs. But how about the elderly who do need of what is often now referred to as “third- to seniors,” successful aging involves: assistance, the population we sometimes agers,” now is the time to construct a style a. Active participation in a variety of inter- refer to as the “frail elderly?” Or those with and quality of life that you can continue as esting and fulfilling social and intellec- Alzheimer’s disease? The error we make is long as possible. Yes, your body will change, tual activities. assuming that there really is little we can do eventually your mobility will be limited, but for these individuals. And yet research is be- there is always something to learn, someone b. Developing more close friendships. ginning to show that even those individuals to help, a life to live. c. Meaningful and positive interactions with in a state of dependency can find satisfaction Tom Cory has lived in Chattanooga for 35 years. family. and meaning in their lives if we’re willing to He is a graduate of the College of William and d. As much independence as possible. give them a chance. Providing stimulation Mary and Miami University where he received his for the frail elderly in the form of family and Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology. Today he practices Again, shades of Cicero. Perhaps our ten- social interaction, music, art, and appropri- clinical psychology specializing in interpersonal dency to place our relatives in assisted living ate physical movement clearly improves the and marital therapy. Tom can be reached at as soon as we can really isn’t necessarily in quality of their lives. their best interest. Perhaps we’re protecting tompatcory@aol.com. 24 ChattanoogaHealthScopeMag.com
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  27. 27. Looking Your Best The War Against Wrinkles By Linda Benton B aby Boomers have hit middle age and for many there’s a war going on — a war on wrinkles that is! As America’s baby boomer population reaches their golden years, this fit and active generation is not giving up on their youthful appearance without a fight. Long devoted to proper nutrition and regular exercise, many baby boomers say they feel as good as they did in their 30’s. However, as boomers approach their 40’s, 50’s and 60’s, slowing or reversing the natural aging process of the skin is a whole new battle. According to a recent article in Time Magazine, it is estimated that Americans are likely to spend over $14 billion to rejuvenate their aging faces in 2007. And with a plethora of options, including many new injectables, light therapies, laser resurfacing, chemical peels and anti-wrinkle creams, it’s difficult to know what’s best. Ads all promise short-to-no recovery periods and in many cases, immedi- ate results. While “boomers” might agree that the temptation to look better is hard to resist, experts in the field encourage becoming fully educated before spending hundreds, perhaps thousands of dollars on any cosmetic treatments, procedures, or creams. Dr. Art von Werssowetz, a board certified plastic surgeon with Associates in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, suggests that individuals take the time to understand the anatomy of skin in order to get the results they desire. “As people age, the skin changes in a variety of ways,” says Dr. von Werssowetz. “The elastic fibers that once held skin firmly in place begin to breakdown, allowing skin to sag or droop. In addition, the outer layer of the skin, called keratin, changes as fewer skins cells are produced and the dead cells accumulate on the surface of the 27 ChattanoogaHealthScopeMag.com