Why did God give us the law if He knows we cannot fulfill it?
- Is God appreciating our efforts?
- Can we come close by fulfilling almost all of it?
For whoever shall keep the whole law, and yet
stumble in one point, he is guilty of all.
- What happens if we only fail in one commandment?
- What are the commandments telling us about God?
- What is the meaning of Holiness?
Yes, He did – Now LEAVE!
- Did God ask us to be like Him?
- Who deceived man into believing he could be like God?
- Should we make promises to God?
Walk prudently when you go to the house of God; and
draw near to hear rather than to give the sacrifice of
fools, for they do not know that they do evil. Do not
be rash with your mouth, and let not your heart utter
anything hastily before God. For God is in heaven, and
you on earth; Therefore let your words be few. For a
dream comes through much activity, and a fool’s voice
is known by his many words.
When you make a vow to God, do not delay to pay it;
For He has no pleasure in fools. Pay what you have
vowed— Better not to vow than to vow and not pay.
Do not let your mouth cause your flesh to sin, nor say
before the messenger of God that it was an error.
Why should God be angry at your excuse and destroy
the work of your hands?
- Are we ignorant of our condition when we promise God?
- Do we need help to fulfill the law?
- What is the reason for the tabernacle?
- Is God showing his mercy with his presence
among the people?
- Was God dwelling among sin?
- Is God giving us what we deserve or what we need?
- Is His presence the provision for the given law?
Then the cloud covered the tabernacle of meeting,
and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle. And
Moses was not able to enter the tabernacle of
meeting, because the cloud rested above it, and the
glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle. Whenever the
cloud was taken up from above the tabernacle, the
children of Israel would go onward in all their
journeys. But if the cloud was not taken up, then they
did not journey till the day that it was taken up. For
the cloud of the LORD was above the tabernacle by
day, and fire was over it by night, in the sight of all the
house of Israel, throughout all their journeys.
- What do we learn from the cloud and the fire?
- Did Israel move if the cloud was covering the tabernacle?
- Where was God taking them?
- Was God teaching them to depend on Him?
- How did they get the food to eat?
- Did Israel know their way in the dessert?
- Who was guiding them?
And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, “Send men
to spy out the land of Canaan, which I am giving to
the children of Israel; from each tribe of their
fathers you shall send a man, every one a leader
among them.” So Moses sent them from the
Wilderness of Paran according to the command of
the LORD, all of them men who were heads of the
children of Israel.
- Who takes the initiative to spy the land?
- Why did God choose a leader from each tribe?
- Who is giving them the land?
Then Moses sent them to spy out the land of Canaan,
and said to them, “Go up this way into the South, and go
up to the mountains, and see what the land is like:
whether the people who dwell in it are strong or weak,
few or many; whether the land they dwell in is good or
bad; whether the cities they inhabit are like camps or
strongholds; whether the land is rich or poor; and
whether there are forests there or not. Be of good
courage. And bring some of the fruit of the land.” Now
the time was the season of the first ripe grapes.
- Were the instructions precise?
- What did they observe?
And they returned from spying out the land after forty
days. Now they departed and came back to Moses
and Aaron and all the congregation of the children of
Israel in the Wilderness of Paran, at Kadesh; they
brought back word to them and to all the
congregation, and showed them the fruit of the land.
Then they told him, and said: “We went to the land
where you sent us. It truly flows with milk and honey,
and this is its fruit.
Nevertheless the people who dwell in the land are
strong; the cities are fortified and very large;
moreover we saw the descendants of Anak there. The
Amalekites dwell in the land of the South; the Hittites,
the Jebusites, and the Amorites dwell in the
mountains; and the Canaanites dwell by the sea and
along the banks of the Jordan.” Then Caleb quieted
the people before Moses, and said, “Let us go up at
once and take possession, for we are well able to
But the men who had gone up with him said, “We are
not able to go up against the people, for they are
stronger than we.” And they gave the children of
Israel a bad report of the land which they had spied
out, saying, “The land through which we have gone as
spies is a land that devours its inhabitants, and all the
people whom we saw in it are men of great stature.
There we saw the giants (the descendants of Anak
came from the giants); and we were like grasshoppers
in our own sight, and so we were in their sight.”
- How many days did it take them to look around?
- Was the land as good as it was promised?
- Was the report of the spies accurate?
- What else did they add to it?
- Did they believe God by letting fear take a hold of them?
- Did Israel seek the Lord God in this situation?
So all the congregation lifted up their voices and cried,
and the people wept that night. And all the children of
Israel complained against Moses and Aaron, and the
whole congregation said to them, “If only we had died
in the land of Egypt! Or if only we had died in this
wilderness! Why has the LORD brought us to this land
to fall by the sword, that our wives and children should
become victims? Would it not be better for us to return
to Egypt?” So they said to one another, “Let us select a
leader and return to Egypt.”
- Based on their comments, Where is the trust of Israel?
- Was God listening to them?
- What did they fear?
- Was their concern for their wives
and children understandable?
Then Moses and Aaron fell on their faces before all
the assembly of the congregation of the children of
Israel. But Joshua the son of Nun and Caleb the son of
Jephunneh, who were among those who had spied
out the land, tore their clothes; and they spoke to all
the congregation of the children of Israel, saying: “The
land we passed through to spy out is an exceedingly
good land. If the LORD delights in us, then He will bring
us into this land and give it to us, ‘a land which flows
with milk and honey.’
Only do not rebel against the LORD, nor fear the
people of the land, for they are our bread; their
protection has departed from them, and the LORD is
with us. Do not fear them.”
- Why did Joshua and Caleb see another perspective
of the same situation?
- Do we need to believe God in order to please Him?
- What was Joshua and Caleb focus?
- Was Israel rebellion against God?
And the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying,
“How long shall I bear with this evil congregation who
complain against Me? I have heard the complaints
which the children of Israel make against Me. Say to
them, ‘As I live,’ says the LORD, ‘just as you have
spoken in My hearing, so I will do to you.
- Was God aware of their
- How did God react to it?
- Did He give them the
opportunity to reconsider?
The carcasses of you who have complained against
Me shall fall in this wilderness, all of you who were
numbered, according to your entire number, from
twenty years old and above. Except for Caleb the son
of Jephunneh and Joshua the son of Nun, you shall by
no means enter the land which I swore I would make
you dwell in. But your little ones, whom you said
would be victims, I will bring in, and they shall know
the land which you have despised.
But as for you, your carcasses shall fall in this
wilderness. And your sons shall be shepherds in the
wilderness forty years, and bear the brunt of your
infidelity, until your carcasses are consumed in the
wilderness. According to the number of the days in
which you spied out the land, forty days, for each day
you shall bear your guilt one year, namely forty years,
and you shall know My rejection.
I the LORD have spoken this. I will surely do so to all
this evil congregation who are gathered together
against Me. In this wilderness they shall be
consumed, and there they shall die.’”
Whoever does not
believe God has made
Him a liar
1 John 5:10
- Why did God judge the children of Israel?
- Did they have any reason not to believe Him?
- What happens if we don’t believe Him?
- Who is the one that lies from the beginning?
- Who paid for their rebellion? Their children?
- Was the death of the children their main concern?
- Who entered the Promised Land? Those who believe?
- Who died in the dessert?
- How long do we have to wander before
entering the promise land?
Now the men whom Moses sent to spy out the land,
who returned and made all the congregation complain
against him by bringing a bad report of the land, those
very men who brought the evil report about the land,
died by the plague before the LORD. But Joshua the
son of Nun and Caleb the son of Jephunneh remained
alive, of the men who went to spy out the land.
- Who caused the people of Israel to complain?
- What happened to the leaders who didn't believe God?
- Are faith and obedience required
to enter into God’s promises?
For who, having heard, rebelled? Indeed, was it not all
who came out of Egypt, led by Moses? Now with
whom was He angry forty years? Was it not with those
who sinned, whose corpses fell in the wilderness? And
to whom did He swear that they would not enter His
rest, but to those who did not obey? So we see that
they could not enter in because of unbelief.
- Why did Israel rebel?
- Why did they lose the blessing?
- What was the sin?
- How do we enter into the rest of God?
There remains therefore a rest for the people of
God. For he who has entered His rest has himself
also ceased from his works as God did from His.
Let us therefore be diligent to enter that rest, lest
anyone fall according to the same example of
- Who are the people of God?
- Who are the descendants of Abraham?
- Those who believe Him?
- What does it mean to enter into His rest?
- Do we have to work in order to be accepted?
For by grace you have been saved through faith, and
that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God, not of
works, lest anyone should boast. For we are His
workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good
works, which God prepared beforehand that we
should walk in them.
- Are we saved by our works?
- Who prepared the good work for us?
- How can I do the works if I am in His rest?
- Is it being one with Him?
WHAT DID WE LEARN TODAY?
- God’s provision for the law is His presence among us.
- His desire is that we, as His children, depend on Him.
- Faith and Obedience are required to
receive the promises of God.
- Fear comes out of unbelief, which offends God.
- If we don’t‘ believe Him, we make Him a liar.
- The Grace of God is what keep us standing.
Only by it we are saved for His Glory.
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