Fax Machines

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The history and evolution of the fax machine is traced, followed by an easy-to-understand description of how fax machines work, and a question about the future of this technology.

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  • Fax Machines

    1. 1. The Fax Machine History and Technology…
    2. 2. Outline <ul><li>History and Development </li></ul><ul><li>How Modern Fax Machines Work </li></ul><ul><li>Future Technologies </li></ul>
    3. 3. Precursors to the Fax Machine <ul><li>Telegraph </li></ul><ul><ul><li>300BC: Water Telegraph </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Ancient Greece/Roman Empire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1700’s - 1880: Chappe’s Semaphore </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1800’s: Electrical Telegraph </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Europe/America </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1837: Morse Telegraph </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- America </li></ul></ul><ul><li>All required human processing/translation </li></ul>
    4. 4. First Fax Machines: Alexander Bain (Scotland) - 1843 Pendulum Battery Magnet Copper Plate Electrolytic Paper Stylus Telegraph Wire
    5. 5. First Fax Machines: Frederick Bakewell (England)- 1847/1852 Telegraph Wire Clockwork Cylinder Needle e
    6. 6. First Fax Machines: Giovanni Caselli (Italy) - 1861 Battery Pendulum Metal Plate And Stylus Clocks
    7. 7. First Fax Machines: Arthur Korn (Germany) - 1902
    8. 8. Developments: 1920-1980s <ul><li>First telephone-based fax machine (AT&T) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1924 - Telephotography </li></ul></ul><ul><li>First radiowave fax machine (RCA) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1926 - Radiophoto </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Newspaper/photo Services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1930/1940s - Home based service </li></ul></ul><ul><li>World War I & II </li></ul><ul><li>Trans-Atlantic Radio Transmission </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1955 - Modern fax machines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Transmission of weather data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1960 - Commercialism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Computer fax board </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1985 - Gammafax </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Developments: Standards <ul><li>G1 - 1968 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slow (6mins), unreliable, text and graphic material by telephone (now obsolete) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>G2 - 1976 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Faster (3mins), better quality (almost obsolete) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>G3 - 1980 to present day </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital transmission techniques </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fast (1min), improved resolution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Household technology </li></ul></ul><ul><li>G4 - Present day </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Completely digital (instant) </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. How Modern Fax Machines Work
    11. 11. How Modern Fax Machines Work
    12. 12. Fax Machines: Statistics
    13. 13. Related Technologies <ul><li>Modem </li></ul><ul><li>Photocopier </li></ul><ul><li>Scanner </li></ul><ul><li>Computer printer </li></ul>
    14. 14. Fax Machines in the Future <ul><li>Email </li></ul><ul><li>Smart Phones </li></ul><ul><li>When will the fax machine finally become extinct? </li></ul>
    15. 15. References <ul><li>Bellis, Mary. “T h e History of Fax Machines & Alexander Bain.” About.com: Inventors . 2009. About.com. 8 Feb. 2009 <http://inventors.about.com/od/bstartinventors/a/fax_machine.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>Bellows, Alan. “T h e Fax Machines of the 1800’s. ” Damn Interesting . 25 Sept. 2005. DamnInteresting.com. 8 Feb. 2009 <http://www.damninteresting.com/?p=40>. </li></ul><ul><li>Brain, Marshall. “H o w Fax Machines Work. ” How Stuff Works . 2 Oct. 2001.  HowStuffWorks.com. 8 Feb. 2009<http://communication.howstuffworks.com/fax-machine.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>Costigan, Daniel M. Electronic Delivery of Documents and Graphics . New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., 1978. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Fax.” Encyclop d i a Britannica . 2009. Encyclop d i a Britannica Online. 25 Feb. 2009  <http://search.eb.com.login.ezproxy.library.ualberta.ca/eb/article-2206>. </li></ul><ul><li>“ F a x. ” Wikipedia . 4 Feb. 2009. Wikipedia Community. 8 Feb. 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fax>. </li></ul><ul><li>“ F a x Engineering. ” Technikum29 . 2003-2008. Museum of Computer and Communication Technology. 8 Feb 2009 <http://www.technikum29.de/en/communication/fax.shtm>. </li></ul><ul><li>“ F a x Machines (most recent) By Country. ” Media Statistics . NationMaster.com. 8 Feb. 2009 <http://www.nationmaster.com/red/graph/med_fax_mac-media-fax-machines&b_map=1>. </li></ul><ul><li>“ F r ederick Bakewell. ” Famous Scientists . 24 March 2007. Department of Chemistry and Biomolecular Science, Clarkson University. 8 Feb 2009 <http://people.clarkson.edu/~ekatz/scientists/bakewell.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>“ G i ovanni Caselli. ” Famous Scientists . 17 May 2003. Department of Chemistry and Biomolecular Science, Clarkson University. 8 Feb 2009 <http://people.clarkson.edu/%7Eekatz/scientists/caselli.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>Hanes, David, and Gonzalo Salgueiro. Fax, Modem, and Text for IP Telephony . Indianapolis, IN: Cisco Press, 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>“ P o ssession of Fax Machine. ” GMID - Global Market Information Database . 2009. Euromonitor International. 8 Feb. 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>McConnell, Kenneth R., Dennis Bodson, and Stephen Urban. FAX : Facsimile Technology and Systems . 3rd ed. Boston: Artech House, 1999. </li></ul><ul><li>Rensen, Marius. Fax History . 04 May 2008. HF-Fax. 8 Feb. 2009 <http://www.hffax.de/history/index.html>. </li></ul>

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