Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
The Fax Machine History and Technology…
Outline <ul><li>History and Development </li></ul><ul><li>How Modern Fax Machines Work </li></ul><ul><li>Future Technologi...
Precursors to the Fax Machine <ul><li>Telegraph </li></ul><ul><ul><li>300BC: Water Telegraph  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-...
First Fax Machines:   Alexander Bain (Scotland) - 1843 Pendulum Battery Magnet Copper Plate Electrolytic  Paper Stylus Tel...
First Fax Machines:   Frederick Bakewell (England)- 1847/1852 Telegraph Wire Clockwork Cylinder Needle e
First Fax Machines:   Giovanni Caselli (Italy) - 1861 Battery Pendulum Metal Plate And Stylus Clocks
First Fax Machines:   Arthur Korn (Germany) - 1902
Developments: 1920-1980s <ul><li>First telephone-based fax machine (AT&T)  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1924 - Telephotography </...
Developments: Standards <ul><li>G1 - 1968 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slow (6mins), unreliable, text and graphic material by tel...
How Modern Fax Machines Work
How Modern Fax Machines Work
Fax Machines: Statistics
Related Technologies <ul><li>Modem </li></ul><ul><li>Photocopier </li></ul><ul><li>Scanner </li></ul><ul><li>Computer prin...
Fax Machines in the Future <ul><li>Email </li></ul><ul><li>Smart Phones </li></ul><ul><li>When will the fax machine finall...
References <ul><li>Bellis, Mary.  “T h e History of Fax Machines & Alexander Bain.”  About.com: Inventors . 2009. About.co...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Fax Machines

12,126 views

Published on

The history and evolution of the fax machine is traced, followed by an easy-to-understand description of how fax machines work, and a question about the future of this technology.

Published in: Technology
  • Be the first to comment

Fax Machines

  1. 1. The Fax Machine History and Technology…
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>History and Development </li></ul><ul><li>How Modern Fax Machines Work </li></ul><ul><li>Future Technologies </li></ul>
  3. 3. Precursors to the Fax Machine <ul><li>Telegraph </li></ul><ul><ul><li>300BC: Water Telegraph </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Ancient Greece/Roman Empire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1700’s - 1880: Chappe’s Semaphore </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1800’s: Electrical Telegraph </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Europe/America </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1837: Morse Telegraph </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- America </li></ul></ul><ul><li>All required human processing/translation </li></ul>
  4. 4. First Fax Machines: Alexander Bain (Scotland) - 1843 Pendulum Battery Magnet Copper Plate Electrolytic Paper Stylus Telegraph Wire
  5. 5. First Fax Machines: Frederick Bakewell (England)- 1847/1852 Telegraph Wire Clockwork Cylinder Needle e
  6. 6. First Fax Machines: Giovanni Caselli (Italy) - 1861 Battery Pendulum Metal Plate And Stylus Clocks
  7. 7. First Fax Machines: Arthur Korn (Germany) - 1902
  8. 8. Developments: 1920-1980s <ul><li>First telephone-based fax machine (AT&T) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1924 - Telephotography </li></ul></ul><ul><li>First radiowave fax machine (RCA) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1926 - Radiophoto </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Newspaper/photo Services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1930/1940s - Home based service </li></ul></ul><ul><li>World War I & II </li></ul><ul><li>Trans-Atlantic Radio Transmission </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1955 - Modern fax machines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Transmission of weather data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1960 - Commercialism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Computer fax board </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1985 - Gammafax </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Developments: Standards <ul><li>G1 - 1968 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slow (6mins), unreliable, text and graphic material by telephone (now obsolete) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>G2 - 1976 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Faster (3mins), better quality (almost obsolete) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>G3 - 1980 to present day </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital transmission techniques </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fast (1min), improved resolution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Household technology </li></ul></ul><ul><li>G4 - Present day </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Completely digital (instant) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. How Modern Fax Machines Work
  11. 11. How Modern Fax Machines Work
  12. 12. Fax Machines: Statistics
  13. 13. Related Technologies <ul><li>Modem </li></ul><ul><li>Photocopier </li></ul><ul><li>Scanner </li></ul><ul><li>Computer printer </li></ul>
  14. 14. Fax Machines in the Future <ul><li>Email </li></ul><ul><li>Smart Phones </li></ul><ul><li>When will the fax machine finally become extinct? </li></ul>
  15. 15. References <ul><li>Bellis, Mary. “T h e History of Fax Machines & Alexander Bain.” About.com: Inventors . 2009. About.com. 8 Feb. 2009 <http://inventors.about.com/od/bstartinventors/a/fax_machine.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>Bellows, Alan. “T h e Fax Machines of the 1800’s. ” Damn Interesting . 25 Sept. 2005. DamnInteresting.com. 8 Feb. 2009 <http://www.damninteresting.com/?p=40>. </li></ul><ul><li>Brain, Marshall. “H o w Fax Machines Work. ” How Stuff Works . 2 Oct. 2001.  HowStuffWorks.com. 8 Feb. 2009<http://communication.howstuffworks.com/fax-machine.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>Costigan, Daniel M. Electronic Delivery of Documents and Graphics . New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., 1978. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Fax.” Encyclop d i a Britannica . 2009. Encyclop d i a Britannica Online. 25 Feb. 2009  <http://search.eb.com.login.ezproxy.library.ualberta.ca/eb/article-2206>. </li></ul><ul><li>“ F a x. ” Wikipedia . 4 Feb. 2009. Wikipedia Community. 8 Feb. 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fax>. </li></ul><ul><li>“ F a x Engineering. ” Technikum29 . 2003-2008. Museum of Computer and Communication Technology. 8 Feb 2009 <http://www.technikum29.de/en/communication/fax.shtm>. </li></ul><ul><li>“ F a x Machines (most recent) By Country. ” Media Statistics . NationMaster.com. 8 Feb. 2009 <http://www.nationmaster.com/red/graph/med_fax_mac-media-fax-machines&b_map=1>. </li></ul><ul><li>“ F r ederick Bakewell. ” Famous Scientists . 24 March 2007. Department of Chemistry and Biomolecular Science, Clarkson University. 8 Feb 2009 <http://people.clarkson.edu/~ekatz/scientists/bakewell.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>“ G i ovanni Caselli. ” Famous Scientists . 17 May 2003. Department of Chemistry and Biomolecular Science, Clarkson University. 8 Feb 2009 <http://people.clarkson.edu/%7Eekatz/scientists/caselli.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>Hanes, David, and Gonzalo Salgueiro. Fax, Modem, and Text for IP Telephony . Indianapolis, IN: Cisco Press, 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>“ P o ssession of Fax Machine. ” GMID - Global Market Information Database . 2009. Euromonitor International. 8 Feb. 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>McConnell, Kenneth R., Dennis Bodson, and Stephen Urban. FAX : Facsimile Technology and Systems . 3rd ed. Boston: Artech House, 1999. </li></ul><ul><li>Rensen, Marius. Fax History . 04 May 2008. HF-Fax. 8 Feb. 2009 <http://www.hffax.de/history/index.html>. </li></ul>

×