Welcome part 2

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Welcome part 2

  1. 1. Historical and Cultural Geography of North America Part 2 By Professor Lisa Schmidt
  2. 2. Language <ul><li>The United States has NO official language. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>English is the language of business and government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spanish is spoken by about 30 million households </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chinese is spoken by about 2 million households </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>French by about 1.6 million </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. California Languages <ul><li>California is ethnically diverse! </li></ul><ul><li>Many languages from around the world are spoken here. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not depicted: Farsi, Arabic, and Native Languages </li></ul></ul>Languages OTHER than English spoken in California
  4. 4. Dialects <ul><li>In the United States you will find MANY different dialects. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New England: Connections with England influence the language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle Colonies: Influence from Dutch and German settlers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Southern States: Influence from Africans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Great Plains: Influence from Scandinavia and Germany </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Northwest: British Influence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Southwest: Spanish Influence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ALL DIALECTS: Native American influence </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Religion <ul><li>A “Christian Country” </li></ul><ul><li>Religious Freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Possibly every religion known to man can be found here! </li></ul><ul><li>Northeast: Catholic and Protestant </li></ul><ul><li>Middle Colonies: More Catholic </li></ul><ul><li>South: Baptists </li></ul><ul><li>Southwest: Catholic </li></ul><ul><li>Great Plains: Lutherans </li></ul>
  6. 6. Economy <ul><li>Economic Regions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NE: Manufacturing/Services/Small Farms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mid-Atlantic: Manufacturing/Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SE: Agriculture/Manufacturing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SW: Resource Extraction/Agriculture/Tourism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Central Plains: Agriculture/Food Processing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Great Lakes: Heavy Industry/Agriculture/Food Processing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rocky Mountains: Mining/Timber/Ranching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pacific Alaska Region: Timber/Mining/Fishing/Light Industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pacific Region: Light Industry/Agriculture/Mining/Timber </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Economic Trends <ul><li>Movement of Industry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trend: out of the north to the south, then out of the south to other parts of the world. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Recession </li></ul>California: Industry centered in coastal regions. Resource extraction in Eastern California, agriculture in the Central Valley.
  8. 8. Politics <ul><li>Many parties, only two that actually get elected. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Republicans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Democrats </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. 2012 Election <ul><li>November 6, 2012 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Election Day </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Structure of the US Government
  11. 11. Structure of the US Government
  12. 12. US Court System
  13. 13. Approval Rating for Barack Obama
  14. 14. California <ul><li>Our new, old governor: Jerry Brown </li></ul>
  15. 15. Current Issues in California <ul><li>Illegal Immigration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AB 540 Dream Act </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Legalization of Marijuana </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proposition 215 </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Structure of Schools <ul><li>Preschool </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually ages 3 to about 6 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not mandatory, not free </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Kindergarten through 12 th grade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grade School: Kindergarten through 5 th or 6 th grade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Junior High School/Middle School: 6 th or 7 th grade through 8 th grade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High School: 9 th grade through 12 th grade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compulsory enrollment from 1 st grade through 12 th </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free, based on property taxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The neighborhood you live in determines what kind of a school your children will go to. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>College </li></ul><ul><ul><li>13 th and 14 th grade or trades/technical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not mandatory, not free </li></ul></ul><ul><li>University </li></ul><ul><ul><li>13 th grade through PhD. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not mandatory, not free </li></ul></ul>

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