North America Intro
<ul><li>North America Includes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greenland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Canada </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
Why Study North America? <ul><li>It is very large! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Canada covers 6.7% of Earth’s land surface </li><...
Shared Past <ul><li>All North Americans share an aboriginal past and a colonial past. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Native people ...
Colonial Past <ul><li>It is important to understand the colonial past of a place. </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding the colo...
Distinct Differences <ul><li>USA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Had a bloody revolution to become independent from England </li></u...
Native People
Canada and the First Nations <ul><li>Canada has an interesting native history </li></ul><ul><li>In 1999, gave Nunavut back...
Canada and the US <ul><li>Most multicultural places on Earth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both share aboriginal past </li></ul></...
Canada <ul><li>Most Americans know nothing about Canada </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stretches 3730 miles from Newfoundland to Br...
Greenland <ul><li>World’s largest island </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Twice as large as the next largest island </li></ul></ul><u...
Greenland <ul><li>Today inhabited by people from all over the world </li></ul><ul><li>Majority are either Danish or Inuit ...
 
Mexico <ul><li>Vestiges of its Spanish Colonial past </li></ul><ul><li>Majority of the population is mixed Spanish and ind...
USA <ul><li>Second largest country in North America </li></ul><ul><li>Has 48 conterminous or connected states and 2 discon...
Government <ul><li>Canada and the USA based loosely on the British system of government </li></ul><ul><li>Canada is more c...
Political Complexity <ul><li>Canada </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Federation  of 10 provinces, 3 territories </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
Canada <ul><li>Canada is a  counter-revolutionary nation  (adopted Charter of Rights and Freedoms in 1982). </li></ul><ul>...
Canada <ul><li>Highest rate of immigration in the world </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Helps new immigrants with relocating and inv...
High Income, High Consumption <ul><li>USA and Canada </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Annual  per capita incomes  among the world’s h...
Some definitions… <ul><li>Human Geography </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The study of human decision making processes and activitie...
Some definitions… <ul><li>Political Economy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The study of the relationship between a place's organiza...
Regional Geography <ul><li>Integrates skills from both human and physical geography with a focus on particular places.  </...
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North america intro

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North america intro

  1. 1. North America Intro
  2. 2. <ul><li>North America Includes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greenland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Canada </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>USA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mexico </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greater and Lesser Antilles, Caribbean </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Why Study North America? <ul><li>It is very large! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Canada covers 6.7% of Earth’s land surface </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>USA covers 6.4% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Only two governments control all this land, all of its inhabitants, and all of its resources. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Shared Past <ul><li>All North Americans share an aboriginal past and a colonial past. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Native people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Native people inhabited all of North America before Europeans colonized </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aboriginal or Indigenous </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colonialism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>European powers controlled North America </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Colonial Past <ul><li>It is important to understand the colonial past of a place. </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding the colonial past helps us to understand current politics, socioeconomic structures, and cultures. </li></ul>Santo Domingo church in San Cristobal, Chiapas
  6. 6. Distinct Differences <ul><li>USA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Had a bloody revolution to become independent from England </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Canada </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Went through a peaceful separation in 1867 and still has close ties to England </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Greenland </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Was granted home rule, but the queen of Denmark is still the head of state </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mexico </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Another bloody revolution to become independent from Spain, then another to become independent from France (Cinco de Mayo) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Native People
  8. 8. Canada and the First Nations <ul><li>Canada has an interesting native history </li></ul><ul><li>In 1999, gave Nunavut back to the natives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Called “First Nations” in Canada </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Only political region populated and governed by indigenous people on the North American continent. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Canada and the US <ul><li>Most multicultural places on Earth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both share aboriginal past </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Early settlers mainly from England and France, followed other Western Europeans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Since WWII many more people from all over the world </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>“Terra incognita” to lots of Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Yet, Canada is our most important trading partner and we share common histories and geographies </li></ul>
  10. 10. Canada <ul><li>Most Americans know nothing about Canada </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stretches 3730 miles from Newfoundland to British Columbia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has prairies, mountains, lakes, rivers (3 of the world’s 20 longest) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>35 million people, most living within 200 miles of the border </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Greenland <ul><li>World’s largest island </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Twice as large as the next largest island </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New Guinea 2 nd largest </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>52 times bigger than Denmark </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Most northern country on Earth </li></ul>
  12. 12. Greenland <ul><li>Today inhabited by people from all over the world </li></ul><ul><li>Majority are either Danish or Inuit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Impact all over in shops, language, music, native costumes, and more. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Connected to the rest of North America by location and politically with Canada because they are fighting over Hans Island. </li></ul>
  13. 14. Mexico <ul><li>Vestiges of its Spanish Colonial past </li></ul><ul><li>Majority of the population is mixed Spanish and indigenous people </li></ul>
  14. 15. USA <ul><li>Second largest country in North America </li></ul><ul><li>Has 48 conterminous or connected states and 2 disconnected states </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A result of expansionist policies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dictated by manifest destiny and quirks of history </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. Government <ul><li>Canada and the USA based loosely on the British system of government </li></ul><ul><li>Canada is more closely modeled on it </li></ul><ul><li>Both place have legal systems that separate power between federal, and state or province (Canada) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Canada still a commonwealth of England and the Queen is still the head of state </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Elected in-residence head of state is the Prime Minister </li></ul></ul></ul>Stephen Harper, Canadian PM
  16. 17. Political Complexity <ul><li>Canada </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Federation of 10 provinces, 3 territories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chief of State : Queen Elizabeth II, represented by Governor-General </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parliamentary government with a Prime Minister (head of party with most seats in House of Commons ); also Senate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>United States </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Federation of 50 states </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chief of state : elected President </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress consisting of House of Representatives and Senate </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. Canada <ul><li>Canada is a counter-revolutionary nation (adopted Charter of Rights and Freedoms in 1982). </li></ul><ul><li>Gov. is a British-style parliamentary democracy not U.S.-style democracy. </li></ul><ul><li>Canadians are law-abiding; crime rates much lower than in US. </li></ul><ul><li>No strong national myth; but have a distinctive identity.. </li></ul><ul><li>Often feel like victims of two colonial powers: both Britain and the U.S. </li></ul>
  18. 19. Canada <ul><li>Highest rate of immigration in the world </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Helps new immigrants with relocating and invites them in. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The world multiculturalism comes from Canada in the 1970’s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From government diversity programs </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. High Income, High Consumption <ul><li>USA and Canada </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Annual per capita incomes among the world’s highest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disposable incomes generate demand, ensure massive consumption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Retail establishments ubiquitous </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. and Canada (5% of the world’s population) consume 28% of the world’s oil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implications of high consumption in a finite environment? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presence of poverty </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. Some definitions… <ul><li>Human Geography </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The study of human decision making processes and activities on the surface of the Earth. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Physical Geography </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The science that studies that spatial aspects of natural environmental components and processes </li></ul></ul>
  21. 22. Some definitions… <ul><li>Political Economy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The study of the relationship between a place's organization of economic systems and issues as they relate to political developments and policies. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Historical Geography </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Geographic study and analysis of the processes shaping place and space at selected historical time periods. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 23. Regional Geography <ul><li>Integrates skills from both human and physical geography with a focus on particular places. </li></ul><ul><li>The study of selected parts of Earth that are defined and identified by a certain unifying characteristic. </li></ul>

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