Early LifeNewton was born on January 4,1643 ( December 25, 1642)From Woolsthrope-by-Colsterworth,Lincolnshire, EnglandWas born prematurelyHe was born 3 months after hisfather’s deathHe was raised by his grandparentsCame from a family of farmersHe was a mathematician ,astronomer, physicist, & naturalphilosopher
EducationFrom the age of 12-17, Newtonstudied at The Kings School,GranthamAt the original school’s building youcan see his signature in the librarywindow sillHe was removed from school,moved back with his mother, shewanted him to become a farmerHe hated farmingHenry Stokes, master of TheKing’s School persuaded his momto let Newton further his eduactionNewton became the top rankedstudent
-Cont. EducationIn June of 1661, he attendedTrinity College, Cambridge, UnitedKingdomHe was there as a work study roleHe liked reading the moreadvanced ideas of modernastronomers; such as, Galileo,Kepler, & CopernicusReceived his in degree in August of1665Soon after receiving his degree theuniversity had temporarily closed.Newton began his home studies at
Private StudiesMoved back to WoolstropeDid his private studies at homeHe did it for 2 yearsHe saw the development of histheories of Calculus, Optics, andthe Law of Gravitation
CalculusNewton started developingCalculus in 1666, but never gotaround to publish in that timeHe got in a dispute with GottfriedLeibniz, (who had also beenworking his methods of Calculus)about who invented CalculusNewton & Leibniz share the creditof developing the integral calculusHe demonstrated the binomialtheorem, Newton’s method ofapproximating the roots ofconstant.
OpticsFrom 1670-1672 he lectured inOpticsInvestigated the refraction of lightDiscovered that light had aspectrum of colorsHe build the first refractingtelescope, instead of using lenses,he used a curved mirrorHe invented the Newtoniantelescope
Newton’s Law of MotionNewton’s First Law of Motion states - An object at rest tends to stay at rest andthat an object in uniform motion tends to stay in uniform motion unless acted uponby a net external forceNewton’s Second Law of Motion states - The acceleration produced on a body bya force is proportional to the magnitude of the force and inversely proportional tothe mass of the objectNewton’s Third Law of Motion states - For every action there is an equal andopposite reaction
First Law of Motion Newton observed Galileo’s Law of Inertia Newton’s first law of motion states, an object at rest tends to stay at rest and that an object in uniform motion tends to stay in uniform motion unless acted upon by a net external force
Second Law of MotionNewton’s Second Law of Motionstates - The acceleration producedon a body by a force isproportional to the magnitude ofthe force and inversely proportionalto the mass of the objectEx : The harder you throw abaseball the faster is will gobecause of its mass, so the ballmoves faster because of its sizewhile if you throw a bowling ballthe hardest you can, it will end upgoing very slower due to its size ormass
Third Law of Motion Newton’s Third Law of Motion states - For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction Ex: a car crashed into a tree, the tree stops the car’s motion, meaning the car gave exert force to the tree, the tree gave back force to the car.