Chapter 11 Lecture               Human Geography: Places and                  Regions in Global Context                   ...
Key Concepts   • Land Use                         •   Gentrification   • Spatial Patterns                 •   North Americ...
Urban Land Use   • Accessibility   • Isotropic surface   • Trade-off model                                 Figure 11.1 Acc...
Urban Land Use, (contd)                                                 Apply your knowledge: Identify   • Congregation   ...
North American Cities   • Central business district      (CBD)   • Zone in transition   • Invasion and succession         ...
North American Cities, (contd)    Figure 11.3 The ecological model of   Figure 11.4 Chinatown in NYC    urban land use© 20...
Racial Segregation              Detroit               Washington, D.C.              New York              Long Beach      ...
Spatial Organization    Figure 11.5 Hoyts Sector model   Figure 11.6 Decentralized multiple-nuclei                        ...
Spatial Organization, (contd)  Figure 11.7  Polycentric new metropolis   Apply your knowledge: Create a map like the ones ...
Spatial Organization, (contd)  Figure 11.8 Metroburban landscapes   Figure 11.9 Gentrification in Philadelphia© 2013 Pears...
Smart Growth versus Sprawl       Figure 11.E Transformation of     Figure 11.F Smart growth in Pasadena       California f...
Problems of North American Cities   •   Central cities   •   Fiscal squeeze   •   Infrastructure   •   Poverty   •   Neigh...
Problems of North American Cities, (contd)                 Figure 11.11 Poverty in the District of Columbia   Apply your k...
European Cities   • Features                        • City planning       –   Low skylines              • Beaux Arts style...
European Cities, (contd)  Figure 11.13 Cologne, Germany   Figure 11.14 Sabbioneta, Italy   Apply your knowledge: Find imag...
European Cities, (contd)  Figure 11.15 Boulevard des Italiens, Paris   Figure 11.16 La Ville Radieuse© 2013 Pearson Educat...
European Cities, (contd)             Figure 11.17 The Brazilian National Congress buildings, Brasilia© 2013 Pearson Educat...
Islamic Cities   • Basic principles       – Personal privacy and         virtue       – Communal well-being       – Inner ...
Islamic Cities, (contd)  Figure 11.19 A suq, a covered bazaar, in Iran   Figure 11.20 Housing in Tunisia© 2013 Pearson Edu...
Islamic Cities, (contd)               Figure 11.21 Traditional wind towers in Iran   Apply your knowledge: Research an Isl...
Dubai, United Arab Emirates     Figure 11.G Dubai cityscape        Figure 11.H Luxury development, Palm                   ...
Cities of the Periphery   • Unintended metropolises   • Underemployment   • Dualism   • The informal economy   • Slums   •...
Cities of the Periphery, (contd)  Figure 11.22 Recent explosive growth in   Figure 11.24 Garbage picking in Bangkok,  Lago...
Cities of the Periphery, (contd)   Figure 11.25 Informal economic    Figure 11.26 Self-help as a solution to housing   act...
Cities of the Periphery, (contd)    Figure 11.27 Infrastructure problems in   Figure 11.28 Water-supply problems in    Col...
Future Geographies  Figure 11.29  Cityscapes will continue to be  dominated by stark contrasts  between the rich and poor,...
End of Chapter 11© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
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Hg 6e ch_11_lecture

  1. 1. Chapter 11 Lecture Human Geography: Places and Regions in Global Context Sixth EditionCity Spaces:Urban StructureWendy A. MitteagerState University of New York, Oneonta
  2. 2. Key Concepts • Land Use • Gentrification • Spatial Patterns • North American Cities • Racial Segregation • European Cities • Urban Land Use • Islamic Cities Models • Unintended • Smart Growth Metropolises • Urban Sprawl© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  3. 3. Urban Land Use • Accessibility • Isotropic surface • Trade-off model Figure 11.1 Accessibility, bid-rent, and urban structure Apply your knowledge: Identify 3 trade-offs that you have made in your own living space. How have these affected your access to school, transportation, and job?© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  4. 4. Urban Land Use, (contd) Apply your knowledge: Identify • Congregation any enclaves, ghettos, or colonies in your region. List ways these may • Minority groups have resulted from discrimination • Segregation and ways residents benefit from congregation. – Enclaves, ghettos, colonies Figure: Chapter 11 Opener Thames Town, China© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  5. 5. North American Cities • Central business district (CBD) • Zone in transition • Invasion and succession Figure 11.2 Chicagos CBD© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  6. 6. North American Cities, (contd) Figure 11.3 The ecological model of Figure 11.4 Chinatown in NYC urban land use© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  7. 7. Racial Segregation Detroit Washington, D.C. New York Long Beach Figure 11.a,b,c,d© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  8. 8. Spatial Organization Figure 11.5 Hoyts Sector model Figure 11.6 Decentralized multiple-nuclei model© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  9. 9. Spatial Organization, (contd) Figure 11.7 Polycentric new metropolis Apply your knowledge: Create a map like the ones in Figures 11.7 and 11.8 for the metropolitan area with which you are most familiar. Label urban realms, major highways, edge cities, secondary business centers, and other important features.© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  10. 10. Spatial Organization, (contd) Figure 11.8 Metroburban landscapes Figure 11.9 Gentrification in Philadelphia© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  11. 11. Smart Growth versus Sprawl Figure 11.E Transformation of Figure 11.F Smart growth in Pasadena California farmland to suburban sprawl© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  12. 12. Problems of North American Cities • Central cities • Fiscal squeeze • Infrastructure • Poverty • Neighborhood decay Figure 11.10 Decaying infrastructure, • Cycle of poverty Minneapolis • Redlining© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  13. 13. Problems of North American Cities, (contd) Figure 11.11 Poverty in the District of Columbia Apply your knowledge: Identify fiscal, industrial, or neighborhood problems in your city or town. List and explain any cycles of proverty or other patterns you can identify.© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  14. 14. European Cities • Features • City planning – Low skylines • Beaux Arts style – Lively downtowns • Modern movement – Neighborhood stability – Municipal socialism Figure 11.12 Vigevano, Italy© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  15. 15. European Cities, (contd) Figure 11.13 Cologne, Germany Figure 11.14 Sabbioneta, Italy Apply your knowledge: Find images that best capture the typical features of European cities.© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  16. 16. European Cities, (contd) Figure 11.15 Boulevard des Italiens, Paris Figure 11.16 La Ville Radieuse© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  17. 17. European Cities, (contd) Figure 11.17 The Brazilian National Congress buildings, Brasilia© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  18. 18. Islamic Cities • Basic principles – Personal privacy and virtue – Communal well-being – Inner essence of things • Jami (principal mosque) Figure 11.18 Mosque in Pakistan • Kasbah (citadel)© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  19. 19. Islamic Cities, (contd) Figure 11.19 A suq, a covered bazaar, in Iran Figure 11.20 Housing in Tunisia© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  20. 20. Islamic Cities, (contd) Figure 11.21 Traditional wind towers in Iran Apply your knowledge: Research an Islamic city that is similar in size to the community in which you live and list two similarities and two differences between your own town or city and the Islamic city you have researched.© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  21. 21. Dubai, United Arab Emirates Figure 11.G Dubai cityscape Figure 11.H Luxury development, Palm Jumeirah Figure 11.J Dubai real estate bust© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  22. 22. Cities of the Periphery • Unintended metropolises • Underemployment • Dualism • The informal economy • Slums • Transport & infrastructure problems • Environmental degradation Figure 11.23 Dualism in Rio de Janeiro© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  23. 23. Cities of the Periphery, (contd) Figure 11.22 Recent explosive growth in Figure 11.24 Garbage picking in Bangkok, Lagos, Nigeria Thailand Apply your knowledge: Identify an informal economic function in your town or city. List positive and negative effects of the activities involved in this type of economy.© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  24. 24. Cities of the Periphery, (contd) Figure 11.25 Informal economic Figure 11.26 Self-help as a solution to housing activities in Bangkok, Thailand problems in Zambia© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  25. 25. Cities of the Periphery, (contd) Figure 11.27 Infrastructure problems in Figure 11.28 Water-supply problems in Columbia India© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  26. 26. Future Geographies Figure 11.29 Cityscapes will continue to be dominated by stark contrasts between the rich and poor, as in these slums in Mumbai, India Apply your knowledge: Research a megacity and examine it in terms of the presence of slum housing, environmental degradation, and infrastructure concerns. What are the causes of these problems?© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  27. 27. End of Chapter 11© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.

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