Chapter 9 Lecture               Human Geography: Places and                  Regions in Global Context                    ...
Key Concepts   •   Geopolitics                        • Terrorism   •   Territories                        • Transnational...
Political Geography   •   Geopolitics   •   Ratzel   •   Boundaries   •   Frontiers   •   Territories                     ...
Political Geography, (contd)    Figure 9.1 The changing map    of Europe© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Political Geography, (contd)                                       Figure 9.4 Boundary between                            ...
Political Geography, (contd)      Figure 9.5 The Berlin Wall    Figure 9.6 Borders between Egypt and                      ...
Political Geography, (contd)      Figure 9.7 Nested hierarchy of de jure      territories© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Geopolitics and the World Order   • Nation-state                •   Nationalism        – State                  •   Federa...
Geopolitics, (contd)       Figure 9.9 Independent states of the former Soviet Union© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Geopolitics, (contd)       Figure 9.10 Kosovo, 1999    Apply your knowledge: Based on what you have learned    about Fouca...
The Arab Spring       Figure 9.Aa                                    Figure 9.Ac       Figure 9.Af                        ...
Geopolitics, (contd)   • Imperialism   • Colonialism   • Orientalism     Figure 9.12 European colonies in     Africa, 1496...
Geopolitics, (contd)                                       Figure 9.13 Colonization in South America                      ...
Geopolitics, (contd)    Figure 9.14 Indians in the UK     Figure 9.15 Refugees returning to Rwanda    Apply your knowledge...
Geopolitics, (contd)   • North/South divide   • Decolonization   • International     organization   • Heartland theory   •...
Geopolitics, (contd)   Figure 9.18 Independent South America© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Geopolitics, (contd)                                 Figure 9.21 The heartland© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Geopolitics, (contd)  Figure 9.22 U.S. tourists in Cuba    Figure 9.23 Agent orange in the Vietnam                        ...
The New World Order and Terrorism   Figure 9.24 The Oklahoma City       Figure 9.25 Oslo, Norway terrorist bombing   bombi...
The New World Order and Terrorism                                      Figure 9.26 Casualties from the war                ...
From the Cold War to the New World Order               and the War on Terror   Figure 9.D U.S.   Drone strikes,   2004-201...
New Regimes of Global Governance   • Transnational     political integration   • Supranational     organization   • Intern...
The Israel-Palestine Conflict                       Figure 9.E Changing geography, 1923–2011© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Politics of Geography   • Self-determination   • Regionalism   • Sectionalism   • Separatist     movements   • Rural vs. U...
Politics of Geography, (contd)    Figure 9.32 Free Baja Arizona, 2011   Figure 9.33 The 1860 presidential election© 2013 P...
Geographical Systems of Representation   • Democratic rule          • Redistricting   • Territorial organization • Gerryma...
Geographical Systems of Representation,                     (contd)                                    Figure 9.34 U.S. ge...
End of Chapter 9© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
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Hg 6e ch_09_lecture

  1. 1. Chapter 9 Lecture Human Geography: Places and Regions in Global Context Sixth EditionPolitical GeographiesWendy A. MitteagerState University of New York, Oneonta
  2. 2. Key Concepts • Geopolitics • Terrorism • Territories • Transnational • States and Nations Governance • Imperialism • Regionalism • Colonialism • Sectionalism • Decolonization • Systems of • Representation Heartland Theory© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  3. 3. Political Geography • Geopolitics • Ratzel • Boundaries • Frontiers • Territories Figure 9.3 Boundary between urban and rural Figure 9.2 Disputed territories in Georgia© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  4. 4. Political Geography, (contd) Figure 9.1 The changing map of Europe© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  5. 5. Political Geography, (contd) Figure 9.4 Boundary between the U.S. and Mexico Apply your knowledge: Using Google Earth or aerial photographs, compare and contrast the international boundaries between the U.S. and Canada and between the U.S. and Mexico. How do they differ? How are they similar? Why do these differences and similarities exist?© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  6. 6. Political Geography, (contd) Figure 9.5 The Berlin Wall Figure 9.6 Borders between Egypt and Libya and Sudan© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  7. 7. Political Geography, (contd) Figure 9.7 Nested hierarchy of de jure territories© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  8. 8. Geopolitics and the World Order • Nation-state • Nationalism – State • Federal state – Nation • Unitary state • Sovereignty • Confederation • Citizenship • Discourse Figure 9.8 English Defense League, 2011© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  9. 9. Geopolitics, (contd) Figure 9.9 Independent states of the former Soviet Union© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  10. 10. Geopolitics, (contd) Figure 9.10 Kosovo, 1999 Apply your knowledge: Based on what you have learned about Foucaults theory of discourse and Deleuzes conception of the state, write a paragraph describing the Arab Spring from each of these theorists perspectives.© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  11. 11. The Arab Spring Figure 9.Aa Figure 9.Ac Figure 9.Af Figure 9.Ag Uprisings across the Middle East© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  12. 12. Geopolitics, (contd) • Imperialism • Colonialism • Orientalism Figure 9.12 European colonies in Africa, 1496–1912© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  13. 13. Geopolitics, (contd) Figure 9.13 Colonization in South America and the Caribbean, 1496–1667© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  14. 14. Geopolitics, (contd) Figure 9.14 Indians in the UK Figure 9.15 Refugees returning to Rwanda Apply your knowledge: Find recent news articles about political issues in the Middle East. Consider the articles from the perspective of Orientalism. How do the articles depict the West and the Middle East? Is the West depicted as being culturally superior to the Middle East?© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  15. 15. Geopolitics, (contd) • North/South divide • Decolonization • International organization • Heartland theory • East/West divide • Domino theory Figure 9.17 Decolonization of Africa© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  16. 16. Geopolitics, (contd) Figure 9.18 Independent South America© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  17. 17. Geopolitics, (contd) Figure 9.21 The heartland© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  18. 18. Geopolitics, (contd) Figure 9.22 U.S. tourists in Cuba Figure 9.23 Agent orange in the Vietnam War© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  19. 19. The New World Order and Terrorism Figure 9.24 The Oklahoma City Figure 9.25 Oslo, Norway terrorist bombing bombing memorial Examples of faith-based terrorism© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  20. 20. The New World Order and Terrorism Figure 9.26 Casualties from the war in Iraq, 2011 Apply your knowledge: How has the Iraq War affected your city and state? How many soldiers from your area have been killed? In economic terms, how much has the war cost your city and state?© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  21. 21. From the Cold War to the New World Order and the War on Terror Figure 9.D U.S. Drone strikes, 2004-2011 Figure 9.B Afghanistan and Pakistan© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  22. 22. New Regimes of Global Governance • Transnational political integration • Supranational organization • International regime • Human rights • Childrens rights • Global civil society Figure 9.28 Membership in the EU© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  23. 23. The Israel-Palestine Conflict Figure 9.E Changing geography, 1923–2011© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  24. 24. Politics of Geography • Self-determination • Regionalism • Sectionalism • Separatist movements • Rural vs. Urban • Suburbs vs. Cities Figure 9.30 Kurdish independence protest • NIMBY© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  25. 25. Politics of Geography, (contd) Figure 9.32 Free Baja Arizona, 2011 Figure 9.33 The 1860 presidential election© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  26. 26. Geographical Systems of Representation • Democratic rule • Redistricting • Territorial organization • Gerrymandering • Reapportionment Figure 9.35 The vote for president, 2008© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  27. 27. Geographical Systems of Representation, (contd) Figure 9.34 U.S. geographical basis of representation Apply your knowledge: Use the internet to forge a basic understanding of how U.S. electoral college works. Identify advantages and disadvantages of the system. Establish a position on whether the U.S. should retain the current system or change it and defend this position, making sure you address the geographical issues involved.© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  28. 28. End of Chapter 9© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.

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