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World Regions in Global Context: Peoples, Places, and Environments (3 rd  Ed.) Sallie A. Marston, Paul L. Knox,  & Diana M...
The United States & Canada <ul><li>Two of the Largest and Wealthiest Countries North of the Arctic Circle to the Tropic of...
Setting the Boundaries <ul><li>North America </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Region composed of two countries: </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
North America
Landforms <ul><li>Centered on the Canadian Shield </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interior lowlands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Great...
A Diverse Physical Setting Chesapeake Bay > Glacier National Park, Montana
Climate <ul><li>Extreme Variations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cold arctic air mass </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hot, moist air – ...
Physical Diversity: Climate <ul><li>Region’s size, latitudinal range, and varied terrain contribute to diversity in climat...
Climate  Map
Florida’s Changing Shoreline <ul><li>Sea Level Rise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hazards for low-lying zones along East Coast </l...
Environment <ul><li>Resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wildlife, fisheries,forests, fertile land, minerals, fresh water </li>...
Before Europeans <ul><li>Initially of Little Importance to Europeans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No gold or silver </li></ul></u...
Environmental History <ul><li>Native Peoples </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bering Land Bridge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neolithic...
Environmental Challenges <ul><li>Industrial Pollution Declining </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Factories cleaned up or moved </li><...
Environmental Issues
Human–Environment Interaction:  Costs of Human Modification <ul><li>Soils, Vegetation, and Water </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Agr...
Costs of Human Modification <ul><li>Water in the West  </li></ul><ul><li>California Aqueduct </li></ul><ul><li>How has eng...
Colonization & Independence <ul><li>Dramatic transformation over a short time span </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Europeanization –...
The Legacy of Slavery <ul><li>Differential development – North/South </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large plantations – tobacco, co...
European Settlement <ul><li>Settlement Increases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S settlement continuous and contiguous </li></ul>...
Settlement Geographies: Rural <ul><li>Repeating geometric patterns are a hallmark of rural North American landscapes </li>...
Tobacco <ul><li>Cultivated by Natives 5000 Years Ago </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Europeans ‘discovered’ in 15 th  C </li></ul></...
Urbanization <ul><li>Cities as Centers of Trade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural hearths </...
<ul><li>American City Growth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Changing Transportation Technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evolvin...
Settlement Geographies: Urban <ul><li>Urban Realms Model </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Highlights new suburban growth </li></ul></...
Settlement Geographies: Urban (cont’d) <ul><li>Gentrification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pittsburgh’s South Side Works neighbor...
Settlement Geographies: Suburban <ul><li>Sprawl in Las Vegas, NV </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rapid pace of change in suburban He...
U.S. Global Hegemony <ul><li>Political and Military Strength </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monroe Doctrine – 1823 </li></ul></ul><...
A Global Reach …
Population <ul><li>U.S. – 281.5 million </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Widely distributed population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Whi...
Population:  Current Patterns <ul><li>Modern Spatial and Demographic Patterns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uneven pattern of dist...
Population: Historic Patterns <ul><li>European Settlement Expansion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 st  Stage (1600–1750) </li></u...
Waves of Immigration <ul><li>Three Major Waves of Immigration into the U.S. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1st Wave - Irish and Ger...
 
Assimilation vs. Multiculturalism <ul><li>U.S. Assimilation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Melting Pot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>M...
Vancouver’s Immigrant Population
North Americans  on the Move <ul><li>Westward Migration </li></ul><ul><li>African-American Migration from the South </li><...
Internal Migration <ul><li>Three stages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 – Rural to urban and east to west </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
Internal Migration
Black Exodus from the South <ul><li>Artist Romare Bearden’s interpretation of life in Harlem was based on an actual neighb...
U.S. & Canadian Culture <ul><li>U.S. Culture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Music </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jazz, gospel, blue...
Globalization of Culture <ul><li>Cultural Diffusion: Two-way process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>North America  Other World Regi...
Patterns of Ethnicity: Regional and Local Scales
Culturally Diverse Landscapes: Miami
Globalized Consumption
Geopolitical Issues Challenges to Federalism: -Quebec Secession -Native Land Claims Politics of  Immigration
Life in Nunavut Immigration  Protests
Transforming Economies <ul><li>¼ of Worlds GNP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. world’s largest economy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
Creating a Continental Economy <ul><li>Sectoral Transformation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Evolution from primary sector to quat...
Sectoral Shifts Gulf Coast Petroleum Refining Silicon Valley
U.S. & Canadian Core <ul><li>Megalopolis – BosWash </li></ul><ul><li>Main Street </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Windsor to Quebec C...
Canadian Economy <ul><li>Staples Economy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hewers of wood, drawers of water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li...
Restructuring the State <ul><li>Federal States </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Power is allocated to local governments </li></ul></u...
Wealth & Inequality <ul><li>“ Rich getting richer and poor getting poorer” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>34.6 million U.S. familie...
Wealth & Inequality <ul><li>Rural Poverty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decline of family farms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farm fr...
Persisting Social Issues Wealth and Poverty in  Tampa  and  New York City  Aging Landscapes in Arizona
The New Economy <ul><li>Technology Industries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Began in Silicon Valley </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reo...
Pacific Rim <ul><li>Western Portion of California </li></ul><ul><ul><li>San Francisco, Los Angeles, San Diego and Sacramen...
Los Angeles <ul><li>2 nd  Largest U.S. City </li></ul><ul><ul><li>16 million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Founded in 1781 </...
Cascadia <ul><li>Northern Pacific Rim </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vancouver, Seattle, and Portland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In...
Vancouver <ul><li>Beautiful </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ocean and mountains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Close to U.S. border </li...
New York City <ul><li>Premier U.S. City </li></ul><ul><ul><li>21 million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>World city </li></ul><...
End of Chapter 6: The United States and Canada World Regions in Global Context: Peoples, Places, and Environments (3 rd  E...
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Chapter 6

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Chapter 6

  1. 1. World Regions in Global Context: Peoples, Places, and Environments (3 rd Ed.) Sallie A. Marston, Paul L. Knox, & Diana M. Liverman Chapter 6: The United States and Canada Robert M. Arthur
  2. 2. The United States & Canada <ul><li>Two of the Largest and Wealthiest Countries North of the Arctic Circle to the Tropic of Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>World Leaders </li></ul>
  3. 3. Setting the Boundaries <ul><li>North America </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Region composed of two countries: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Canada </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The United States </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Highly mobile, industrialized, and urbanized </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. North America
  5. 5. Landforms <ul><li>Centered on the Canadian Shield </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interior lowlands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Great plains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appalachians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coastal plain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pacific Mountains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rocky Mountains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intermontane region </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. A Diverse Physical Setting Chesapeake Bay > Glacier National Park, Montana
  7. 7. Climate <ul><li>Extreme Variations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cold arctic air mass </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hot, moist air – Gulf of Mexico </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moderation of the Coasts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maritime climates </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large interior land mass </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Continental climate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Great Lakes and their effects </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rainfall higher in the east and declining westward </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jet Stream – mixing of air masses - storms </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Physical Diversity: Climate <ul><li>Region’s size, latitudinal range, and varied terrain contribute to diversity in climate and vegetation patterns. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cooler Continental Interior: Boreal Forest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High Latitudes: Tundra </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drier Continental Climates: Prairie </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Climate Map
  10. 10. Florida’s Changing Shoreline <ul><li>Sea Level Rise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hazards for low-lying zones along East Coast </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other Hazards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tropical Hurricanes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coastal Storms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heavy Winter Surf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beach Erosion </li></ul></ul>Figure 3.9
  11. 11. Environment <ul><li>Resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wildlife, fisheries,forests, fertile land, minerals, fresh water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical capability to exploit them </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Before Europeans <ul><li>Initially of Little Importance to Europeans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No gold or silver </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No large societies to plunder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>L’Ance aux Meadows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large variety of cultures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2200 languages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Independent small groups </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Environmental History <ul><li>Native Peoples </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bering Land Bridge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neolithic hunters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Southward migration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hunter gatherers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shifting cultivation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perceptions of land use in conflict with Europeans </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Environmental Challenges <ul><li>Industrial Pollution Declining </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Factories cleaned up or moved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acid Rain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Automobile emissions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cross-border problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Superfund sites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High degree of resource consumption </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Environmental Issues
  16. 16. Human–Environment Interaction: Costs of Human Modification <ul><li>Soils, Vegetation, and Water </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Agricultural Transformations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urban Transformations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Atmosphere </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Acid Rain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Air Quality </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Resource Consumption </li></ul>
  17. 17. Costs of Human Modification <ul><li>Water in the West </li></ul><ul><li>California Aqueduct </li></ul><ul><li>How has engineering </li></ul><ul><li>shaped the agricultural </li></ul><ul><li>and metropolitan landscapes of the West? </li></ul>
  18. 18. Colonization & Independence <ul><li>Dramatic transformation over a short time span </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Europeanization – 16 th to 17 th C </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dominated by the British </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>‘Wild’ landscape required taming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Old World diseases devastating natives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seven Year’s War / French and Indian War </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>British victorious </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Americanization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Revolutionary War </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. The Legacy of Slavery <ul><li>Differential development – North/South </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large plantations – tobacco, cotton, indigo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indentured servants giving way to slavery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slavery lasted for 250 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ended with the Civil War (1861 – 1865) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lasting effects </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. European Settlement <ul><li>Settlement Increases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S settlement continuous and contiguous </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leapfrogs to west coast </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Canadian settlement hindered by the shield </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Railroads open the plains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Homesteading </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mid 1800s – manufacturing develops in the US northeast </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Settlement Geographies: Rural <ul><li>Repeating geometric patterns are a hallmark of rural North American landscapes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Township and Range “stamp” in Iowa </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Tobacco <ul><li>Cultivated by Natives 5000 Years Ago </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Europeans ‘discovered’ in 15 th C </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cigarettes introduced in 1850’s – elite, expensive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mechanized production in the 1870s and 1880s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>American tobacco company – monopoly </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Broken up in 1911 </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Urbanization <ul><li>Cities as Centers of Trade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural hearths </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manufacturing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maine </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrialization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>US – Canadian manufacturing belt </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Differentiation between US north and south </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manifest destiny </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>British North American Act </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>American City Growth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Changing Transportation Technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evolving from Concentric Zones to Urban Realms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urban Decentralization </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Settlement Geographies: Urban <ul><li>Urban Realms Model </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Highlights new suburban growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Edge cities </li></ul></ul>Higher income residents in Indianapolis tend to cluster toward newer opportunities on the urban periphery
  26. 26. Settlement Geographies: Urban (cont’d) <ul><li>Gentrification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pittsburgh’s South Side Works neighborhood is evidence of an urban renaissance on the site of an old steel plant on the Monongahela River </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Settlement Geographies: Suburban <ul><li>Sprawl in Las Vegas, NV </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rapid pace of change in suburban Henderson, Nevada between 1990 and 2000 </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. U.S. Global Hegemony <ul><li>Political and Military Strength </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monroe Doctrine – 1823 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roosevelt Corollary – 1904 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unilateral involvement in South America </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cold War policies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>War on terrorism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>US intervention without allied support </li></ul></ul></ul>
  29. 29. A Global Reach …
  30. 30. Population <ul><li>U.S. – 281.5 million </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Widely distributed population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>White – 73% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Afro-American – 11% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hispanic – 11% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mostly Protestant </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Canada – 30 million </li></ul><ul><ul><li>75% live close to US border </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>British – 33% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>French – 25% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roman Catholics, mostly in Quebec </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protestant elsewhere </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Population: Current Patterns <ul><li>Modern Spatial and Demographic Patterns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uneven pattern of distribution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Metropolitan clusters dominate landscape </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Megalopolis </li></ul></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Population: Historic Patterns <ul><li>European Settlement Expansion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 st Stage (1600–1750) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 nd Stage (1750–1850) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 rd Stage (1850–1910) </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. Waves of Immigration <ul><li>Three Major Waves of Immigration into the U.S. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1st Wave - Irish and German immigrants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 nd Wave - Russian Jews, Italians, Polish </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 rd Wave - Asian, Latin </li></ul></ul>
  34. 35. Assimilation vs. Multiculturalism <ul><li>U.S. Assimilation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Melting Pot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mix all cultures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a new one </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Canada Multiculturalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Right to culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Retain individual cultures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Live together peacefully </li></ul></ul>
  35. 36. Vancouver’s Immigrant Population
  36. 37. North Americans on the Move <ul><li>Westward Migration </li></ul><ul><li>African-American Migration from the South </li></ul><ul><li>Rural-to-Urban Migration </li></ul><ul><li>Migration to the Sunbelt South </li></ul><ul><li>Counterurbanization </li></ul>
  37. 38. Internal Migration <ul><li>Three stages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 – Rural to urban and east to west </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Due to industrialization </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce crowding in the east </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Homestead Act </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 – South to north </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>African Americans </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Massive and rapid </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 – To the Sunbelt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial unemployment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suburbanization </li></ul></ul>
  38. 39. Internal Migration
  39. 40. Black Exodus from the South <ul><li>Artist Romare Bearden’s interpretation of life in Harlem was based on an actual neighborhood in Harlem and his experiences in the Northeast and South </li></ul>
  40. 41. U.S. & Canadian Culture <ul><li>U.S. Culture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Music </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jazz, gospel, blues, country, bluegrass, rock, rap </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crafts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pottery, rugs, jewelry </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Baseball </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Canadian Culture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Canadian content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mixture of immigrant and British settler influences </li></ul></ul></ul>
  41. 42. Globalization of Culture <ul><li>Cultural Diffusion: Two-way process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>North America Other World Regions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tourism </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Internet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Media </li></ul></ul></ul>Forms of Connectivity
  42. 43. Patterns of Ethnicity: Regional and Local Scales
  43. 44. Culturally Diverse Landscapes: Miami
  44. 45. Globalized Consumption
  45. 46. Geopolitical Issues Challenges to Federalism: -Quebec Secession -Native Land Claims Politics of Immigration
  46. 47. Life in Nunavut Immigration Protests
  47. 48. Transforming Economies <ul><li>¼ of Worlds GNP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. world’s largest economy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Canada – 9 th largest </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Shifting Balances </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decline of Rust Belt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Deindustrialization </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Creative destruction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Revitalization </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rise of sunbelt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Movement of capital </li></ul></ul></ul>
  48. 49. Creating a Continental Economy <ul><li>Sectoral Transformation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Evolution from primary sector to quaternary sector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Map illustrates spatial concentrations of these transformations </li></ul></ul>
  49. 50. Sectoral Shifts Gulf Coast Petroleum Refining Silicon Valley
  50. 51. U.S. & Canadian Core <ul><li>Megalopolis – BosWash </li></ul><ul><li>Main Street </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Windsor to Quebec City </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing Belt </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Railroad connections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rust Belt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Population loss </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Disinvestment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Revitalized </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Primary core </li></ul></ul>
  51. 52. Canadian Economy <ul><li>Staples Economy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hewers of wood, drawers of water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dependence on natural resource exploitation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concentrated industrialization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shift to service sector </li></ul></ul>
  52. 53. Restructuring the State <ul><li>Federal States </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Power is allocated to local governments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>States, provinces </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stronger federal government in U.S. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conceived with strong states </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Canada, powers devolved to provinces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Due to Quebec issue </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More inclined to guarantee social welfare </li></ul></ul></ul>
  53. 54. Wealth & Inequality <ul><li>“ Rich getting richer and poor getting poorer” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>34.6 million U.S. families below poverty level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U.N. states that U.S. has highest child poverty of industrialized counties – as high as 17% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lowest government benefits </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stagnation of lower income wages </li></ul></ul></ul>
  54. 55. Wealth & Inequality <ul><li>Rural Poverty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decline of family farms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farm frises </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Influence of transnationals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Urban Poverty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High cost of housing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wealth disparity </li></ul></ul>
  55. 56. Persisting Social Issues Wealth and Poverty in Tampa and New York City Aging Landscapes in Arizona
  56. 57. The New Economy <ul><li>Technology Industries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Began in Silicon Valley </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reorganization of work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Biotech and farming </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Productivity is faster </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Riskier </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge-based jobs </li></ul></ul></ul>
  57. 58. Pacific Rim <ul><li>Western Portion of California </li></ul><ul><ul><li>San Francisco, Los Angeles, San Diego and Sacramento </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oriented to Asian markets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Birthplace of the new economy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>6 th largest world economy - $1.4 billion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>High tech industries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Top universities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Service sector industries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Recreational lifestyle </li></ul></ul></ul>
  58. 59. Los Angeles <ul><li>2 nd Largest U.S. City </li></ul><ul><ul><li>16 million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Founded in 1781 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-ethnic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation and Sprawl </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manufacturing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Weapons </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Garments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Furniture </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hollywood </li></ul></ul>
  59. 60. Cascadia <ul><li>Northern Pacific Rim </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vancouver, Seattle, and Portland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Busiest border crossing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Four quality ports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aerospace industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Software manufacturing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tourism </li></ul></ul>
  60. 61. Vancouver <ul><li>Beautiful </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ocean and mountains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Close to U.S. border </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 rd largest Canadian city </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Gateway to the Far East” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hong Kong Immigrants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Expensive real estate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>High taxes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural center </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marijuana growing </li></ul></ul>
  61. 62. New York City <ul><li>Premier U.S. City </li></ul><ul><ul><li>21 million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>World city </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eire Canal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Major port </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1975 financial crises </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1995 resurgence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gentrification </li></ul></ul>
  62. 63. End of Chapter 6: The United States and Canada World Regions in Global Context: Peoples, Places, and Environments (3 rd Ed.) Sallie A. Marston, Paul L. Knox, & Diana M. Liverman

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